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  • Open Access


    Review on analytical technologies and applications in metabolomics


    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 65-78, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045986

    Abstract Over the past decade, the swift advancement of metabolomics can be credited to significant progress in technologies such as mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance, and multivariate statistics. Currently, metabolomics garners widespread application across diverse fields including drug research and development, early disease detection, toxicology, food and nutrition science, biology, prescription, and chinmedomics, among others. Metabolomics serves as an effective characterization technique, offering insights into physiological process alterations in vivo. These changes may result from various exogenous factors like environmental conditions, stress, medications, as well as endogenous elements including genetic and protein-based influences. The potential scientific outcomes gleaned from these insights… More > Graphic Abstract

    Review on analytical technologies and applications in metabolomics

  • Open Access


    Drought-Mediated Modulation in Metabolomic Profiling of Leaf, Growth, Ecophysiology and Antioxidants

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem1,2,3,*, Hesham F. Alharby1, M. Irfan Qureshi4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3323-3344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030212


    Abiotic stresses, including drought, have been found to affect the growth and medicinal quality of numerous herbs. The proposed study aims to study the effects of different drought regimes on the metabolic profile, growth, ecophysiology, cellular antioxidants, and antioxidant potential of Nigella sativa (Black cumin) leaf. Forty-day-old seedlings of N. sativa were exposed to three regimes of drought (control, moderate and high) for a week. UPLC-MS/MS metabolic profile of the leaf reveals the presence of more than a hundred metabolites belonging to anthocyanins, chalcones, dihydro flavonoids, flavonoids, flavanols, flavones, flavonoid carbonoside, isoflavones, etc. Drought was found to alter the contents… More >

  • Open Access


    Combining Transcriptomics and Metabolomics to Uncover the Effects of High-Energy Lithium-Ion Beam Irradiation on Capsicum annuum L.

    Libo Xie1, Xue Wang1, Luxiang Liu2,*, Chunmei Xu1, Yongdun Xie2, Hongchun Xiong2, Xinchun Han3, Mu Guo1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 2947-2964, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.042919

    Abstract Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is consumed as one of the oldest domesticated crops all over the world. Although mutation breeding using radiation has been performed in hot peppers, little is known about the comparative analysis of mutagenic effects at the molecular level by ion beam irradiation. To comprehend the response mechanism of hot pepper to the ion beam, we used a mutant with favorable economic characteristics induced by lithium-ion beam irradiation to investigate the biological effects. The results indicated that the lithium-ion beam had a positive effect on important agronomic traits, particularly yield unit, but had a negligible effect… More >

  • Open Access


    Review on microbial metabolomics of probiotics and pathogens: Methodologies and applications


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 91-107, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.024310

    Abstract In recent years, microbial metabolomics, a new field that has attracted wide attention, provides a map of metabolic pathways and clarifies the interaction mechanism between microorganisms and hosts. Many microorganisms are found in the human intestine, oral cavity, vagina, etc. Probiotics could maintain the good health of the host, while pathogens and an imbalance of bacterial flora lead to a series of diseases of the body and mind. Metabolomics is a science for qualitative and quantitative analysis of all metabolites in an organism or biological system, which could provide key information to understand the related metabolic pathways and associated changes.… More >

  • Open Access


    Growth, ROS Markers, Antioxidant Enzymes, Osmotic Regulators and Metabolic Changes in Tartary Buckwheat Subjected to Short Drought

    Yan Wan1,#, Yuan Liang1,#, Xuxiao Gong1,#, Jianyong Ouyang1, Jingwei Huang2, Xiaoyong Wu1, Qi Wu1, Changying Liu1, Xueling Ye1, Xiaoning Cao3, Gang Zhao1, Liang Zou1,*, Dabing Xiang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 35-54, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021698

    Abstract Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is an important pseudocereal feed crop with medicinal and nutritional value. Drought is one of the main causes of reduced growth and yield in these plants. We investigated the growth, physiological, and metabolic responses of the widely promoted Tartary buckwheat variety Chuan Qiao No. 1 to polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated drought stress. Drought significantly decreased shoot length, shoot biomass and relative water content. Root length, malondialdehyde content, electrolyte leakage, activities of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase and amylase, and contents of soluble sugar, soluble protein and proline were increased by PEG-mediated drought. Untargeted metabolomics analysis identified 32 core… More >

  • Open Access


    Metabolomics Analysis of Metabolites in Forsythia suspense Fruit Using UPLC/ESI-Q TRAP-MS/MS

    Lingdi Liu, Chunxiu Wen, Wei Tian, Xiaoliang Xie, Saiqun Wen, Tao Jiang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.10, pp. 2313-2330, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020295

    Abstract Forsythiae Fructus, the fruit of Forsythia suspense is a traditional Chinese hebal medicine that has the antiviral and antioxidant effects in China. Modern analytical chemistry studies showed that the extracts of Forsythiae Fructus contain many bioactive components, such as flavonoids, lignans, phenolic acids, and terpenoids, which can be used to anti-inflammatory and treat toxicity, tonsillitis, ulcers, pharyngitis and acute nephritis. In order to study the types and quantities of metabolites in Forsythiae Fructus, we isolated, identified and analysed metabolites between two varieties of Forsythiae Fructus using UPLC/ESI-Q TRAP-MS/MS. The results showed that a total of 407 metabolites were identified in… More >

  • Open Access


    Headspace Solid-Phase Micro-Extraction Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS)-Based Untargeted Metabolomics Analysis for Comparing the Volatile Components from 12 Panax Herbal Medicines

    Simiao Wang1,#, Xiaohang Li1,#, Meiting Jiang1, Xinlong Wu2, Yuying Zhao1, Meiyu Liu1, Xiaoyan Xu1, Huimin Wang1, Hongda Wang1, Heshui Yu2, Wenzhi Yang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1353-1364, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021093

    Abstract Quality control of ginseng currently is mainly based on ginsenoside analysis, but rarely focuses on the volatile organic components. In the current work, an untargeted metabolomics approach, by headspace solid-phase micro-extraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS), was elaborated and further employed to holistically compare the compositional difference of the volatile components simultaneously from 12 Panax herbal medicines, which included P. ginseng (PG), P. quinquefolius (PQ), P. notoginseng (PN), red ginseng (PGR), P. ginseng leaf (PGL), P. quinquefolius leaf (PQL), P. notoginseng leaf (PNL), P. ginseng flower (PGF), P. quinquefolius flower (PQF), P. notoginseng flower (PNF), P. japonicus (PJ), and P. japonicusMore >

  • Open Access


    Differential metabolome landscape of Kadsura coccinea fruit tissues and potential valorization of the peel and seed tissues


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 285-296, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.016253

    Abstract Kadsura coccinea (Lem.) is a woody wine plant with a peculiar fruit enriched in important health-promoting compounds. The non-editable part of the fruit, i.e., the seed and peel, represents more than 60% of the fruit and is considered a biowaste. This significantly restricts the development of the K. coccinea fruit industry. Clarifying the metabolic components of the different fruit parts can help to improve the utilization rate and valorization of K. coccinea. Herein, we evaluated K. coccinea fruit peel, pulp, and seed using widely-targeted metabolomics and quantified a set of 736 bioactive compounds from 11 major metabolite classes. The most… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Metabolomics Analysis between Red- and White-Flowered Common Buckwheat Cultivars

    Jiao Deng1,2,#, Fen Dong3,#, Chaoxin Wu1, Jiali Zhao1, Hongyou Li1, Juan Huang1, Taoxiong Shi1, Ziye Meng1, Fang Cai1, Qingfu Chen1,*, Pingfang Yang2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 859-870, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014625

    Abstract Common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), a specialty crop in southwest China, is not only used as a supplement to primary grain crops but also to produce beverages, such as tea and wine. To fully exploit the products made from common buckwheat flower, ultra-performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization– tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–ESI–MS/MS) was conducted to analyze the metabolites in red- (‘Guihong 2’) and white-flowered (‘Fengtian 1’) buckwheat cultivars. A total of 784 metabolites were identified of which flavonoids were the largest group with 191 components, followed by organic acids and derivatives (126), and amino acids and derivatives (95). Besides, dozens of phenylpropanoids, nucleotides… More >

  • Open Access


    Metabolic Profiling in Banana Pseudo-Stem Reveals a Diverse Set of Bioactive Compounds with Potential Nutritional and Industrial Applications

    Guiming Deng1,2,3, Ou Sheng1,2,3, Fangcheng Bi1,2,3, Chunyu Li1,2,3, Tongxin Dou1,2,3, Tao Dong1,2,3, Qiaosong Yang1,2,3, Huijun Gao1,2,3, Jing Liu4, Xiaohong Zhong4, Miao Peng4, Ganjun Yi1,2,3, Weidi He1,2,3, Chunhua Hu1,2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.4, pp. 1101-1130, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010970

    Abstract Banana (Musa spp.) is an ancient and popular fruit plant with highly nutritious fruit. The pseudo-stem of banana represents on average 75% of the total dry mass but its valorization as a nutritional and industrial by-product is limited. Recent advances in metabolomics have paved the way to understand and evaluate the presence of diverse sets of metabolites in different plant parts. This study aimed at exploring the diversity of primary and secondary metabolites in the banana pseudo-stem. Hereby, we identified and quantified 373 metabolites from a diverse range of classes including, alkaloids, flavonoids, lipids, phenolic acids, amino acids and its… More >

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