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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of a Prior Norwood Procedure on Cardiac Transplantation in Failed Fontan Physiology

    Ryan G. McQueen1, Nikki M. Singh2, Ronald K. Woods3,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 257-266, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.052108

    Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare cardiac transplant operative and postoperative courses of patients with failed Fontan physiology who were initially palliated with a Norwood (FFN) to those without a prior Norwood (FF). Methods: A single-institution retrospective review of all patients with Fontan failure who underwent cardiac transplantation from 2003–2021 was completed—22 underwent prior Norwood (FFN) and 11 did not (FF). Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated for operative course and patient outcomes. Results: The operative course of the FFN cohort appeared to be more complex (not statistically significant, but clinically relevant)—this group… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Surface Defect Detection and Evaluation Method of Large Wind Turbine Blades Based on an Improved Deeplabv3+ Deep Learning Model

    Wanrun Li1,2,3,*, Wenhai Zhao1, Tongtong Wang1, Yongfeng Du1,2,3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.5, pp. 553-575, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.050751

    Abstract The accumulation of defects on wind turbine blade surfaces can lead to irreversible damage, impacting the aerodynamic performance of the blades. To address the challenge of detecting and quantifying surface defects on wind turbine blades, a blade surface defect detection and quantification method based on an improved Deeplabv3+ deep learning model is proposed. Firstly, an improved method for wind turbine blade surface defect detection, utilizing Mobilenetv2 as the backbone feature extraction network, is proposed based on an original Deeplabv3+ deep learning model to address the issue of limited robustness. Secondly, through integrating the concept of… More > Graphic Abstract

    Surface Defect Detection and Evaluation Method of Large Wind Turbine Blades Based on an Improved Deeplabv3+ Deep Learning Model

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Snow Distribution and Displacement in the Bogie Region of a High-Speed Train

    Zhihui Du1, Mengge Yu1,*, Jiali Liu2, Xiulong Yao1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.7, pp. 1687-1701, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.047315

    Abstract Snow interacting with a high-speed train can cause the formation of ice in the train bogie region and affect its safety. In this study, a wind-snow multiphase numerical approach is introduced for high-speed train bogies on the basis of the Euler-Lagrange discrete phase model. A particle-wall impact criterion is implemented to account for the presence of snow particles on the surface. Subsequently, numerical simulations are conducted, considering various snow particle diameter distributions and densities. The research results indicate that when the particle diameter is relatively small, the distribution of snow particles in the bogie cavity More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Digital Twin Placement for Blockchain-Empowered Wireless Computing Power Network

    Wei Wu, Liang Yu, Liping Yang*, Yadong Zhang, Peng Wang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 587-603, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052655

    Abstract As an open network architecture, Wireless Computing Power Networks (WCPN) pose new challenges for achieving efficient and secure resource management in networks, because of issues such as insecure communication channels and untrusted device terminals. Blockchain, as a shared, immutable distributed ledger, provides a secure resource management solution for WCPN. However, integrating blockchain into WCPN faces challenges like device heterogeneity, monitoring communication states, and dynamic network nature. Whereas Digital Twins (DT) can accurately maintain digital models of physical entities through real-time data updates and self-learning, enabling continuous optimization of WCPN, improving synchronization performance, ensuring real-time accuracy, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved YOLOv8n Model for Detecting Helmets and License Plates on Electric Bicycles

    Qunyue Mu1,2, Qiancheng Yu1,2,*, Chengchen Zhou1,2, Lei Liu1,2, Xulong Yu1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 449-466, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.051728

    Abstract Wearing helmets while riding electric bicycles can significantly reduce head injuries resulting from traffic accidents. To effectively monitor compliance, the utilization of target detection algorithms through traffic cameras plays a vital role in identifying helmet usage by electric bicycle riders and recognizing license plates on electric bicycles. However, manual enforcement by traffic police is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Traditional methods face challenges in accurately identifying small targets such as helmets and license plates using deep learning techniques. This paper proposes an enhanced model for detecting helmets and license plates on electric bicycles, addressing these challenges. The More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contemporary Study for Detection of COVID-19 Using Machine Learning with Explainable AI

    Saad Akbar1,2, Humera Azam1, Sulaiman Sulmi Almutairi3,*, Omar Alqahtani4, Habib Shah4, Aliya Aleryani4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1075-1104, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050913

    Abstract The prompt spread of COVID-19 has emphasized the necessity for effective and precise diagnostic tools. In this article, a hybrid approach in terms of datasets as well as the methodology by utilizing a previously unexplored dataset obtained from a private hospital for detecting COVID-19, pneumonia, and normal conditions in chest X-ray images (CXIs) is proposed coupled with Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). Our study leverages less preprocessing with pre-trained cutting-edge models like InceptionV3, VGG16, and VGG19 that excel in the task of feature extraction. The methodology is further enhanced by the inclusion of the t-SNE (t-Distributed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Improved Iterated Greedy Algorithm for Solving Rescue Robot Path Planning Problem with Limited Survival Time

    Xiaoqing Wang1, Peng Duan1,*, Leilei Meng1,*, Kaidong Yang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 931-947, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050612

    Abstract Effective path planning is crucial for mobile robots to quickly reach rescue destination and complete rescue tasks in a post-disaster scenario. In this study, we investigated the post-disaster rescue path planning problem and modeled this problem as a variant of the travel salesman problem (TSP) with life-strength constraints. To address this problem, we proposed an improved iterated greedy (IIG) algorithm. First, a push-forward insertion heuristic (PFIH) strategy was employed to generate a high-quality initial solution. Second, a greedy-based insertion strategy was designed and used in the destruction-construction stage to increase the algorithm’s exploration ability. Furthermore,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Multi-Strategy-Improved Northern Goshawk Optimization Algorithm for Global Optimization and Engineering Design

    Liang Zeng1,2, Mai Hu1, Chenning Zhang1, Quan Yuan1, Shanshan Wang1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1677-1709, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049717

    Abstract Optimization algorithms play a pivotal role in enhancing the performance and efficiency of systems across various scientific and engineering disciplines. To enhance the performance and alleviate the limitations of the Northern Goshawk Optimization (NGO) algorithm, particularly its tendency towards premature convergence and entrapment in local optima during function optimization processes, this study introduces an advanced Improved Northern Goshawk Optimization (INGO) algorithm. This algorithm incorporates a multifaceted enhancement strategy to boost operational efficiency. Initially, a tent chaotic map is employed in the initialization phase to generate a diverse initial population, providing high-quality feasible solutions. Subsequently, after… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Privacy-Preserving Information Fusion Technique for Device to Server-Enabled Communication in the Internet of Things: A Hybrid Approach

    Amal Al-Rasheed1, Rahim Khan2,3,*, Tahani Alsaed4, Mahwish Kundi2,5, Mohamad Hanif Md. Saad6, Mahidur R. Sarker7,8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1305-1323, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049215

    Abstract Due to the overwhelming characteristics of the Internet of Things (IoT) and its adoption in approximately every aspect of our lives, the concept of individual devices’ privacy has gained prominent attention from both customers, i.e., people, and industries as wearable devices collect sensitive information about patients (both admitted and outdoor) in smart healthcare infrastructures. In addition to privacy, outliers or noise are among the crucial issues, which are directly correlated with IoT infrastructures, as most member devices are resource-limited and could generate or transmit false data that is required to be refined before processing, i.e.,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Urban Electric Vehicle Charging Station Placement Optimization with Graylag Goose Optimization Voting Classifier

    Amel Ali Alhussan1, Doaa Sami Khafaga1, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy2,*, Marwa M. Eid2,3, Abdelhameed Ibrahim4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1163-1177, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049001

    Abstract To reduce the negative effects that conventional modes of transportation have on the environment, researchers are working to increase the use of electric vehicles. The demand for environmentally friendly transportation may be hampered by obstacles such as a restricted range and extended rates of recharge. The establishment of urban charging infrastructure that includes both fast and ultra-fast terminals is essential to address this issue. Nevertheless, the powering of these terminals presents challenges because of the high energy requirements, which may influence the quality of service. Modelling the maximum hourly capacity of each station based on… More >

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