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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) promotes distant metastasis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma via activation of LOXL2

    HYUNG SUN KIM1,#, YUN SUN LEE2,#, SEUNG MYUNG DONG3, HYO JUNG KIM1, DA EUN LEE2, HYEON WOONG KANG2, MYEONG JIN KIM2, JOON SEONG PARK1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.4, pp. 615-624, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2024.044029

    Abstract Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive solid malignancies. A specific mechanism of its metastasis has not been established. In this study, we investigated whether Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) plays a role in distant metastasis of PDAC. We found that N-WASP is markedly expressed in clinical patients with PDAC. Clinical analysis showed a notably more distant metastatic pattern in the N-WASP-high group compared to the N-WASP-low group. N-WASP was noted to be a novel mediator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via gene expression profile studies. Knockdown of N-WASP in pancreatic cancer cells significantly inhibited cell invasion, migration,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) promotes distant metastasis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma via activation of LOXL2

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Stem cell technology for antitumor drug loading and delivery in oncology

    FRANCESCO PETRELLA*, ENRICO MARIO CASSINA, LIDIA LIBRETTI, EMANUELE PIRONDINI, FEDERICO RAVEGLIA, ANTONIO TUORO

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 433-437, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.046497

    Abstract The main aim of antineoplastic treatment is to maximize patient benefit by augmenting the drug accumulation within affected organs and tissues, thus incrementing drug effects and, at the same time, reducing the damage of non-involved tissues to cytotoxic agents. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) represent a group of undifferentiated multipotent cells presenting wide self-renewal features and the capacity to differentiate into an assortment of mesenchymal family cells. During the last year, they have been proposed as natural carriers for the selective release of antitumor drugs to malignant cells, thus optimizing cytotoxic action on cancer cells, while significantly reducing adverse side effects… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comprehensive analysis reveals an arachidonic acid metabolism-related gene signature in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    HUILI ZHU1, LINA XIAO1, XIA YIN1, SHIBING XIANG1, CHUNHUI WANG2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.10, pp. 2241-2256, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.020389

    Abstract Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is highly heterogeneous, making its prognosis prediction difficult. The arachidonic acid (AA) cascade is involved in carcinogenesis. Therefore, the metabolic enzymes of the AA cascade consist of lipoxygenases (LOXs), phospholipase A2s (PLA2s), and cyclooxygenases (COXs) along with their metabolic products, including leukotrienes. Nevertheless, the prognostic potential of AA metabolism-associated PDAC has not been explored. Herein, the mRNA expression patterns and the matching clinical information of individuals with PDAC were abstracted from online data resources. We employed the LASSO Cox regression model to develop a multigene clinical signature in the TCGA queue. The GEO queue and the… More >

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