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Search Results (12)
  • Open Access


    RO-SLAM: A Robust SLAM for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in a Dynamic Environment

    Jingtong Peng*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2275-2291, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039272

    Abstract When applied to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), existing Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) algorithms are constrained by several factors, notably the interference of dynamic outdoor objects, the limited computing performance of UAVs, and the holes caused by dynamic objects removal in the map. We proposed a new SLAM system for UAVs in dynamic environments to solve these problems based on ORB-SLAM2. We have improved the Pyramid Scene Parsing Network (PSPNet) using Depthwise Separable Convolution to reduce the model parameters. We also incorporated an auxiliary loss function to supervise the hidden layer to enhance accuracy. Then we used the improved PSPNet… More >

  • Open Access


    Integrating WSN and Laser SLAM for Mobile Robot Indoor Localization

    Gengyu Ge1,2,*, Zhong Qin1, Xin Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6351-6369, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035832

    Abstract Localization plays a vital role in the mobile robot navigation system and is a fundamental capability for the following path planning task. In an indoor environment where the global positioning system signal fails or becomes weak, the wireless sensor network (WSN) or simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) scheme gradually becomes a research hot spot. WSN method uses received signal strength indicator (RSSI) values to determine the position of the target signal node, however, the orientation of the target node is not clear. Besides, the distance error is large when the indoor signal receives interference. The laser SLAM-based method usually uses… More >

  • Open Access


    Feature Matching Combining Variable Velocity Model with Reverse Optical Flow

    Chang Zhao1, Wei Sun1,3,*, Xiaorui Zhang2,3, Xiaozheng He4, Jun Zuo1, Wei Zhao1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1083-1094, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.032786

    Abstract The ORB-SLAM2 based on the constant velocity model is difficult to determine the search window of the reprojection of map points when the objects are in variable velocity motion, which leads to a false matching, with an inaccurate pose estimation or failed tracking. To address the challenge above, a new method of feature point matching is proposed in this paper, which combines the variable velocity model with the reverse optical flow method. First, the constant velocity model is extended to a new variable velocity model, and the expanded variable velocity model is used to provide the initial pixel shifting for… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent SLAM Algorithm Fusing Low-Cost Sensors at Risk of Building Collapses

    Dahyeon Kim, Junho Ahn*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 1657-1671, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.029216

    Abstract When firefighters search inside a building that is at risk of collapse due to abandonment or disasters such as fire, they use old architectural drawings or a simple monitoring method involving a video device attached to a robot. However, using these methods, the disaster situation inside a building at risk of collapse is difficult to detect and identify. Therefore, we investigate the generation of digital maps for a disaster site to accurately analyze internal situations. In this study, a robot combined with a low-cost camera and two-dimensional light detection and ranging (2D-lidar) traverses across a floor to estimate the location… More >

  • Open Access


    Monocular Visual SLAM for Markerless Tracking Algorithm to Augmented Reality

    Tingting Yang1,*, Shuwen Jia1, Ying Yu1, Zhiyong Sui2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.2, pp. 1691-1704, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.027466

    Abstract Augmented Reality (AR) tries to seamlessly integrate virtual content into the real world of the user. Ideally, the virtual content would behave exactly like real objects. This necessitates a correct and precise estimation of the user’s viewpoint (or that of a camera) with regard to the virtual content’s coordinate system. Therefore, the real-time establishment of 3-dimension (3D) maps in real scenes is particularly important for augmented reality technology. So in this paper, we integrate Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) technology into augmented reality. Our research is to implement an augmented reality system without markers using the ORB-SLAM2 framework algorithm. In… More >

  • Open Access


    A Map Construction Method Based on the Cognitive Mechanism of Rat Brain Hippocampus

    Naigong Yu*, Hejie Yu

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.2, pp. 1147-1169, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019430

    Abstract The entorhinal-hippocampus structure in the mammalian brain is the core area for realizing spatial cognition. However, the visual perception and loop detection methods in the current biomimetic robot navigation model still rely on traditional visual SLAM schemes and lack the process of exploring and applying biological visual methods. Based on this, we propose a map construction method that mimics the entorhinal-hippocampal cognitive mechanism of the rat brain according to the response of entorhinal cortex neurons to eye saccades in recent related studies. That is, when mammals are free to watch the scene, the entorhinal cortex neurons will encode the saccade… More >

  • Open Access


    Strategy for Creating AR Applications in Static and Dynamic Environments Using SLAM- and Marker Detector-Based Tracking

    Chanho Park1,2, Hyunwoo Cho1, Sangheon Park1, Sung-Uk Jung1, Suwon Lee3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.1, pp. 529-549, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019214

    Abstract Recently, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) has received considerable attention in augmented reality (AR) libraries and applications. Although the assumption of scene rigidity is common in most visual SLAMs, this assumption limits the possibilities of AR applications in various real-world environments. In this paper, we propose a new tracking system that integrates SLAM with a marker detection module for real-time AR applications in static and dynamic environments. Because the proposed system assumes that the marker is movable, SLAM performs tracking and mapping of the static scene except for the marker, and the marker detector estimates the 3-dimensional pose of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Range-Only UWB SLAM for Indoor Robot Localization Employing Multi-Interval EFIR Rauch-Tung-Striebel Smoother

    Yanli Gao1, Wanfeng Ma2, Jing Cao2, Jianling Qu1 and Yuan Xu2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.2, pp. 1221-1237, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.017533

    Abstract For improving the localization accuracy, a multi-interval extended finite impulse response (EFIR)-based RauchTung-Striebel (R-T-S) smoother is proposed for the range-only ultra wide band (UWB) simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) for robot localization. In this mode, the EFIR R-T-S (ERTS) smoother employs EFIR filter as the forward filter and the R-T-S smoothing method to smooth the EFIR filter’s output. When the east or the north position is considered as stance, the ERTS is used to smooth the position directly. Moreover, the estimation of the UWB Reference Nodes’ (RNs’) position is smoothed by the R-T-S smooth method in parallel. The test illustrates… More >

  • Open Access


    Real-Time Dense Reconstruction of Indoor Scene

    Jinxing Niu1,*, Qingsheng Hu1, Yi Niu1, Tao Zhang1, Sunil Kumar Jha2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3713-3724, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017418

    Abstract Real-time dense reconstruction of indoor scenes is of great research value for the application and development of service robots, augmented reality, cultural relics conservation and other fields. ORB-SLAM2 method is one of the excellent open source algorithms in visual SLAM system, which is often used in indoor scene reconstruction. However, it is time-consuming and can only build sparse scene map by using ORB features to solve camera pose. In view of the shortcomings of ORB-SLAM2 method, this article proposes an improved ORB-SLAM2 solution, which uses a direct method based on light intensity to solve the camera pose. It can greatly… More >

  • Open Access


    The SLAM Algorithm for Multiple Robots Based on Parameter Estimation

    MengYuan Chen1,2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 593-602, 2018, DOI:10.31209/2018.100000026

    Abstract With the increasing number of feature points of a map, the dimension of systematic observation is added gradually, which leads to the deviation of the volume points from the desired trajectory and significant errors on the state estimation. An Iterative Squared-Root Cubature Kalman Filter (ISR-CKF) algorithm proposed is aimed at improving the SR-CKF algorithm on the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). By introducing the method of iterative updating, the sample points are re-determined by the estimated value and the square root factor, which keeps the distortion small in the highly nonlinear environment and improves the precision further. A robust tracking… More >

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