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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Implemented Visualizing City Cleanliness Level by Garbage Detection

    M. S. Vivekanandan1, T. Jesudas2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1639-1652, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032301

    Abstract In an urban city, the daily challenges of managing cleanliness are the primary aspect of routine life, which requires a large number of resources, the manual process of labour, and budget. Street cleaning techniques include street sweepers going away to different metropolitan areas, manually verifying if the street required cleaning taking action. This research presents novel street garbage recognizing robotic navigation techniques by detecting the city’s street-level images and multi-level segmentation. For the large volume of the process, the deep learning-based methods can be better to achieve a high level of classification, object detection, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Resilient Service Authentication for Smart City Application Using IoT

    Gokulakannan Elamparithi*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 145-152, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032036

    Abstract Internet of Things (IoT) support for smart city systems improves service scales by ignoring various user congestion. People are looking for different security features for reliable and robust applications. Here, the Permanent Denial of Service (PDoS) problem arises from improper user identification. This article introduces the Service-Reliant Application Authentication (SRAA) to prevent PDoS attacks in a smart area of the city. In this authentication method, the security of the application is ensured through the distribution of guarded access. The supervised access distribution uses user interface features and sync with the user device. Abnormality in linking More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Cross-Domain Trust Model of Smart City IoT Based on Self-Certification

    Yao Wang1, Yubo Wang1, Zhenhu Ning1,*, Sadaqat ur Rehman2, Muhammad Waqas1,3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 981-996, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.030091

    Abstract Smart city refers to the information system with Internet of things and cloud computing as the core technology and government management and industrial development as the core content, forming a large-scale, heterogeneous and dynamic distributed Internet of things environment between different Internet of things. There is a wide demand for cooperation between equipment and management institutions in the smart city. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a trust mechanism to promote cooperation, and based on this, prevent data disorder caused by the interaction between honest terminals and malicious terminals. However, most of the existing research… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Privacy Preserving Blockchain with Optimal Deep Learning Model for Smart Cities

    K. Pradeep Mohan Kumar1, Jenifer Mahilraj2, D. Swathi3, R. Rajavarman4, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree5, Rizgar R. Zebari6, Zryan Najat Rashid7, Ahmed Alkhayyat8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5299-5314, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030825

    Abstract Recently, smart cities have emerged as an effective approach to deliver high-quality services to the people through adaptive optimization of the available resources. Despite the advantages of smart cities, security remains a huge challenge to be overcome. Simultaneously, Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is the most proficient tool to accomplish security in this scenario. Besides, blockchain exhibits significance in promoting smart city designing, due to its effective characteristics like immutability, transparency, and decentralization. In order to address the security problems in smart cities, the current study designs a Privacy Preserving Secure Framework using Blockchain with Optimal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Foundation Treatment in Urban Underground Engineering Using Big Data Analysis for Smart City Applications

    Fei Liu1,2, Yunkai Zhang1,2, Jian Zhang3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.132, No.1, pp. 153-172, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.017967

    Abstract A core element of the sustainable approach to global living quality improvement can now become the intensive and organized usage of underground space. There is a growing interest in underground building and growth worldwide. The reduced consumption of electricity, effective preservation of green land, sustainable wastewater and sewage treatment, efficient reverse degradation of the urban environment, and reliable critical infrastructure management can improve the quality of life. At the same time, technological innovations such as artificial intelligence (AI), cloud computing (CC), the internet of things (IoT), and big data analytics (BDA) play a significant role… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Arithmetic Optimization with Deep Learning Enabled Anomaly Detection in Smart City

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,3,*, Maha Farouk S. Sabir4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 381-395, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027327

    Abstract In recent years, Smart City Infrastructures (SCI) have become familiar whereas intelligent models have been designed to improve the quality of living in smart cities. Simultaneously, anomaly detection in SCI has become a hot research topic and is widely explored to enhance the safety of pedestrians. The increasing popularity of video surveillance system and drastic increase in the amount of collected videos make the conventional physical investigation method to identify abnormal actions, a laborious process. In this background, Deep Learning (DL) models can be used in the detection of anomalies found through video surveillance systems.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Metaheuristics Based License Plate Character Recognition in Smart City

    Esam A. AlQaralleh1, Fahad Aldhaban2, Halah Nasseif2, Bassam A.Y. Alqaralleh2,*, Tamer AbuKhalil3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 5727-5740, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026780

    Abstract Recent technological advancements have been used to improve the quality of living in smart cities. At the same time, automated detection of vehicles can be utilized to reduce crime rate and improve public security. On the other hand, the automatic identification of vehicle license plate (LP) character becomes an essential process to recognize vehicles in real time scenarios, which can be achieved by the exploitation of optimal deep learning (DL) approaches. In this article, a novel hybrid metaheuristic optimization based deep learning model for automated license plate character recognition (HMODL-ALPCR) technique has been presented for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy-Efficient Static Data Collector-based Scheme in Smart Cities

    Adel D. Rajab*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 2077-2092, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025736

    Abstract In the Internet of Things (IoT)-based smart city applications, employing the Data Collectors (DC) as the data brokers between the nodes and Base Station (BS) can be a promising solution to enhance the energy efficiency of energy-constrained IoT sensor nodes. There are several schemes that utilize mobile DCs to collect the data packets from sensor nodes. However, moving DCs along the hundreds of thousands of sensors sparsely distributed across a smart city is considered a design challenge in such schemes. Another concern lies in how these mobile DCs are being powered. Therefore, to overcome these… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Drones Optimal Path Planning Based on Swarm Intelligence Algorithms

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,3,*, Ali Altalbe1, Abdullah Saad Al-Malaise ALGhamdi4, S. Abdel-khalek5,6, Rashid A. Saeed7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 365-380, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024932

    Abstract The smart city comprises various interlinked elements which communicate data and offers urban life to citizen. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) or drones were commonly employed in different application areas like agriculture, logistics, and surveillance. For improving the drone flying safety and quality of services, a significant solution is for designing the Internet of Drones (IoD) where the drones are utilized to gather data and people communicate to the drones of a specific flying region using the mobile devices is for constructing the Internet-of-Drones, where the drones were utilized for collecting the data, and communicate with More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Reinforcement Learning Enabled Smart City Recycling Waste Object Classification

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1, Taiseer Abdalla Elfadil Eisa2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Abdelzahir Abdelmaboud5, Manar Ahmed Hamza6,*, Abu Sarwar Zamani6, Mohammed Rizwanullah6, Radwa Marzouk7,8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5699-5715, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024431

    Abstract The Smart City concept revolves around gathering real time data from citizen, personal vehicle, public transports, building, and other urban infrastructures like power grid and waste disposal system. The understandings obtained from the data can assist municipal authorities handle assets and services effectually. At the same time, the massive increase in environmental pollution and degradation leads to ecological imbalance is a hot research topic. Besides, the progressive development of smart cities over the globe requires the design of intelligent waste management systems to properly categorize the waste depending upon the nature of biodegradability. Few of… More >

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