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    An Innovative Approach of Salt Separation Using the Soret Effect

    R. Abdeljabar1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 217-230, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.217

    Abstract In this paper, we discuss a new technique for desalination based on the principles of the Soret effect. In particular, the method stems from the peculiar behavior of the solute in a solution of sodium chloride (i.e. salty water layer) of uniform concentration being less or equal to 5wt% under the effect of an imposed temperature gradient with average temperature equal to 12oC. The Soret coefficient may be positive or negative according to whether the temperature of the solution is above or below 12oC. As two diffusion processes (one parallel to the temperature gradient and the other anti-parallel) can occur… More >

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