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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosis: A Multi-Level Classification Approach with Deep Learning

    Hasan J. Alyamani*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1129-1142, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047756

    Abstract The evaluation of disease severity through endoscopy is pivotal in managing patients with ulcerative colitis, a condition with significant clinical implications. However, endoscopic assessment is susceptible to inherent variations, both within and between observers, compromising the reliability of individual evaluations. This study addresses this challenge by harnessing deep learning to develop a robust model capable of discerning discrete levels of endoscopic disease severity. To initiate this endeavor, a multi-faceted approach is embarked upon. The dataset is meticulously preprocessed, enhancing the quality and discriminative features of the images through contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE). A diverse array of data augmentation… More > Graphic Abstract

    Enhancing Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosis: A Multi-Level Classification Approach with Deep Learning

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Survey on Chinese Sign Language Recognition: From Traditional Methods to Artificial Intelligence

    Xianwei Jiang1, Yanqiong Zhang1,*, Juan Lei1, Yudong Zhang2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1-40, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047649

    Abstract Research on Chinese Sign Language (CSL) provides convenience and support for individuals with hearing impairments to communicate and integrate into society. This article reviews the relevant literature on Chinese Sign Language Recognition (CSLR) in the past 20 years. Hidden Markov Models (HMM), Support Vector Machines (SVM), and Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) were found to be the most commonly employed technologies among traditional identification methods. Benefiting from the rapid development of computer vision and artificial intelligence technology, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), 3D-CNN, YOLO, Capsule Network (CapsNet) and various deep neural networks have sprung up. Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) and their derived… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of Software Bugs by Analyzing Natural Language-Based Requirements Using Optimized Deep Learning Features

    Qazi Mazhar ul Haq1, Fahim Arif2,3, Khursheed Aurangzeb4, Noor ul Ain3, Javed Ali Khan5, Saddaf Rubab6, Muhammad Shahid Anwar7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4379-4397, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047172

    Abstract Software project outcomes heavily depend on natural language requirements, often causing diverse interpretations and issues like ambiguities and incomplete or faulty requirements. Researchers are exploring machine learning to predict software bugs, but a more precise and general approach is needed. Accurate bug prediction is crucial for software evolution and user training, prompting an investigation into deep and ensemble learning methods. However, these studies are not generalized and efficient when extended to other datasets. Therefore, this paper proposed a hybrid approach combining multiple techniques to explore their effectiveness on bug identification problems. The methods involved feature selection, which is used to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fake News Detection Based on Text-Modal Dominance and Fusing Multiple Multi-Model Clues

    Lifang Fu1, Huanxin Peng2,*, Changjin Ma2, Yuhan Liu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4399-4416, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047053

    Abstract In recent years, how to efficiently and accurately identify multi-model fake news has become more challenging. First, multi-model data provides more evidence but not all are equally important. Secondly, social structure information has proven to be effective in fake news detection and how to combine it while reducing the noise information is critical. Unfortunately, existing approaches fail to handle these problems. This paper proposes a multi-model fake news detection framework based on Tex-modal Dominance and fusing Multiple Multi-model Cues (TD-MMC), which utilizes three valuable multi-model clues: text-model importance, text-image complementary, and text-image inconsistency. TD-MMC is dominated by textural content and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Based Mask Identification System Using ResNet Transfer Learning Architecture

    Arpit Jain1, Nageswara Rao Moparthi1, A. Swathi2, Yogesh Kumar Sharma1, Nitin Mittal3, Ahmed Alhussen4, Zamil S. Alzamil5,*, MohdAnul Haq5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 341-362, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036973

    Abstract Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 has shown excellent attention in the global community regarding health and the economy. World Health Organization (WHO) and many others advised controlling Corona Virus Disease in 2019. The limited treatment resources, medical resources, and unawareness of immunity is an essential horizon to unfold. Among all resources, wearing a mask is the primary non-pharmaceutical intervention to stop the spreading of the virus caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) droplets. All countries made masks mandatory to prevent infection. For such enforcement, automatic and effective face detection systems are crucial. This study presents a face… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quick Weighing of Passing Vehicles Using the Transfer-Learning-Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network

    Wangchen Yan1,*, Jinbao Yang1, Xin Luo2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2507-2524, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044709

    Abstract Transfer learning could reduce the time and resources required by the training of new models and be therefore important for generalized applications of the trained machine learning algorithms. In this study, a transfer learning-enhanced convolutional neural network (CNN) was proposed to identify the gross weight and the axle weight of moving vehicles on the bridge. The proposed transfer learning-enhanced CNN model was expected to weigh different bridges based on a small amount of training datasets and provide high identification accuracy. First of all, a CNN algorithm for bridge weigh-in-motion (B-WIM) technology was proposed to identify the axle weight and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MDCN: Modified Dense Convolution Network Based Disease Classification in Mango Leaves

    Chirag Chandrashekar1, K. P. Vijayakumar1,*, K. Pradeep1, A. Balasundaram1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2511-2533, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047697

    Abstract The most widely farmed fruit in the world is mango. Both the production and quality of the mangoes are hampered by many diseases. These diseases need to be effectively controlled and mitigated. Therefore, a quick and accurate diagnosis of the disorders is essential. Deep convolutional neural networks, renowned for their independence in feature extraction, have established their value in numerous detection and classification tasks. However, it requires large training datasets and several parameters that need careful adjustment. The proposed Modified Dense Convolutional Network (MDCN) provides a successful classification scheme for plant diseases affecting mango leaves. This model employs the strength… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Personality Trait Detection via Transfer Learning

    Bashar Alshouha1, Jesus Serrano-Guerrero1,*, Francisco Chiclana2, Francisco P. Romero1, Jose A. Olivas1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1933-1956, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046711

    Abstract Personality recognition plays a pivotal role when developing user-centric solutions such as recommender systems or decision support systems across various domains, including education, e-commerce, or human resources. Traditional machine learning techniques have been broadly employed for personality trait identification; nevertheless, the development of new technologies based on deep learning has led to new opportunities to improve their performance. This study focuses on the capabilities of pre-trained language models such as BERT, RoBERTa, ALBERT, ELECTRA, ERNIE, or XLNet, to deal with the task of personality recognition. These models are able to capture structural features from textual content and comprehend a multitude… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Wolf Pack Algorithm (EWPA) and Dense-kUNet Segmentation for Arterial Calcifications in Mammograms

    Afnan M. Alhassan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2207-2223, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046427

    Abstract Breast Arterial Calcification (BAC) is a mammographic decision dissimilar to cancer and commonly observed in elderly women. Thus identifying BAC could provide an expense, and be inaccurate. Recently Deep Learning (DL) methods have been introduced for automatic BAC detection and quantification with increased accuracy. Previously, classification with deep learning had reached higher efficiency, but designing the structure of DL proved to be an extremely challenging task due to overfitting models. It also is not able to capture the patterns and irregularities presented in the images. To solve the overfitting problem, an optimal feature set has been formed by Enhanced Wolf… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mapping of Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) Using EuroSAT and Transfer Learning

    Suman Kunwar1,*, Jannatul Ferdush2

    Revue Internationale de Géomatique, Vol.33, pp. 1-13, 2024, DOI:10.32604/rig.2023.047627

    Abstract As the global population continues to expand, the demand for natural resources increases. Unfortunately, human activities account for 23% of greenhouse gas emissions. On a positive note, remote sensing technologies have emerged as a valuable tool in managing our environment. These technologies allow us to monitor land use, plan urban areas, and drive advancements in areas such as agriculture, climate change mitigation, disaster recovery, and environmental monitoring. Recent advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI), computer vision, and earth observation data have enabled unprecedented accuracy in land use mapping. By using transfer learning and fine-tuning with red-green-blue (RGB) bands, we achieved an… More > Graphic Abstract

    Mapping of Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) Using EuroSAT and Transfer Learning

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