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Search Results (7)
  • Open Access


    Higher Order OAM Mode Generation Using Wearable Antenna for 5G NR Bands

    Shehab Khan Noor1, Arif Mawardi Ismail1, Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin1,*, Mohamed Nasrun Osman1, Thennarasan Sabapathy1, Shakhirul Mat Salleh2, Ping Jack Soh3, Ali Hanafiah Rambe4, Nurulazlina Ramli5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 537-551, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037381

    Abstract This paper presents a flexible and wearable textile array antenna designed to generate Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) waves with Mode +2 at 3.5 GHz (3.4 to 3.6 GHz) of the sub-6 GHz fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) band. The proposed antenna is based on a uniform circular array of eight microstrip patch antennas on a felt textile substrate. In contrast to previous works involving the use of rigid substrates to generate OAM waves, this work explored the use of flexible substrates to generate OAM waves for the first time. Other than that, the proposed antenna was simulated, analyzed, fabricated, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Wearable UWB Antenna-Based Bending and Wet Performances for Breast Cancer Detection

    Ali Hanafiah Rambe1, Muzammil Jusoh2,3, Samir Salem Al-Bawri4,5,*, Mahmoud A. Abdelghany6,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5575-5587, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030902

    Abstract This paper proposed integrating the communication system on the garment, which can be utilized to detect breast cancer at an early stage by using an ultra-wideband (UWB) wearable antenna. Breast cancer is an abnormal cell that is located in the breast tissue. Early detection of breast cancer plays an important role, and it helps in the long term for all women. The proposed UWB wearable antenna successfully operates at 3.1–10.6 GHz under an acceptable reflection coefficient of −10 dB. The fabricated wearable antenna was made from Shieldit Super and felt both conductive and nonconductive wearable materials. Few measurement studies of… More >

  • Open Access


    Directional Wideband Wearable Antenna with Circular Parasitic Element for Microwave Imaging Applications

    N. A. Koma'rudin1, Z. Zakaria1,*, A. A. Althuwayb2, H. Lago3, H. Alsariera1, H. Nornikman1, A. J. A. Al-Gburi1, P. J. Soh4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 983-998, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024782

    Abstract This work proposes a wideband and unidirectional antenna consisting of dual layer of coplanar waveguide based on the circular parasitic element technique. The design procedure is implemented in three stages: Design A, which operates at 3.94 GHz with a bandwidth of 3.83 GHz and a fractional bandwidth (FBW) of 97.2%; Design B, which operates at 3.98 GHz with a bandwidth of 0.66 GHz (FBW of 56.53%); and Design C as the final antenna. The final Design C is designed to resonate at several frequencies between 2.89 and 7.0 GHz for microwave imaging applications with a bandwidth of 4.11 GHz (79.8%)… More >

  • Open Access


    AMC Integrated Multilayer Wearable Antenna for Multiband WBAN Applications

    Iqra Aitbar1, Nosherwan Shoaib1,*, Akram Alomainy2, Abdul Quddious3, Symeon Nikolaou4, Muhammad Ali Imran5, Qammer H. Abbasi5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3227-3241, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023008

    Abstract In this paper, a compact, efficient and easy to fabricate wearable antenna integrated with Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC) is presented. Addition of slots and bevels/cuts in the rectangular monopole patch antenna yield a wide bandwidth along with band notches. The proposed antenna is backed with an AMC metasurface that changes the bidirectional radiation pattern to a unidirectional, thus, considerably reducing the Specific Absorption Ratio (SAR). The demonstrated antenna has a good coverage radiating away from the body and presents reduced radiation towards the body with a front-to-back ratio of 13 dB and maximum gain of 3.54 dB. The proposed design… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Modified Sine Cosine Algorithm Using Inverse Filtering and Clipping Methods for Low Autocorrelation Binary Sequences

    Siti Julia Rosli1,2, Hasliza A Rahim1,2,*, Khairul Najmy Abdul Rani1,2, Ruzelita Ngadiran2,3, Wan Azani Mustafa3,4, Muzammil Jusoh1,2, Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin1,2, Thennarasan Sabapathy1,2, Mohamedfareq Abdulmalek5, Wan Suryani Firuz Wan Ariffin2, Ahmed Alkhayyat6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3533-3556, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021719

    Abstract The essential purpose of radar is to detect a target of interest and provide information concerning the target's location, motion, size, and other parameters. The knowledge about the pulse trains’ properties shows that a class of signals is mainly well suited to digital processing of increasing practical importance. A low autocorrelation binary sequence (LABS) is a complex combinatorial problem. The main problems of LABS are low Merit Factor (MF) and shorter length sequences. Besides, the maximum possible MF equals 12.3248 as infinity length is unable to be achieved. Therefore, this study implemented two techniques to propose a new metaheuristic algorithm… More >

  • Open Access


    Left-Handed Characteristics Tunable C-Shaped Varactor Loaded Textile Metamaterial for Microwave Applications

    Samir Salem Al-Bawri1, Mohammad Tariqul Islam2,*, Kabir Hossain3,4, Thennarasan Sabapathy3,4, Muzammil Jusoh3,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 611-628, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021244

    Abstract This paper presents a textile-based C-shaped split-ring resonators (SRR) metamaterial (MTM) unit cells with an electrical tunability function. The proposed MTM was composed of two symmetrical C-shaped SRR combined with a central diagonal metal bar, whereas the RF varactor diode is placed on the backside of the splitted ground plane. Stopband behavior of single and array MTM unit cells were analyzed while the achieved negative index physical characteristics were widely studies. Though four different MTM arrays (i.e., 1 × 1, 1 × 2, 2 × 1, and 2 × 2) were analyzed in simulation, a 2 × 2-unit cell array… More >

  • Open Access


    Miniaturized Novel UWB Band-Notch Textile Antenna for Body Area Networks

    Mohammad Monirujjaman Khan1, Arifa Sultana1, Mehedi Masud2,*, Gurjot Singh Gaba3, Hesham A. Alhumyani4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.3, pp. 1183-1198, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.019872

    Abstract This paper presents the design and analysis of a miniaturized and novel wearable ultra-wideband (UWB) band-notch textile antenna for Body Area Networks (BANs). The major goal of building the antenna for wearable applications with band notch in X-band is to reject the downlink band (7.25 to 7.75 GHz) of satellite communication in the UWB frequency ranges of 3.1–10.6 GHz to keep away from interference. Computer Simulation Technology (CST) TM Microwave Studio, which is user-friendly and reliable, was used to model and simulate the antenna. The radiating element of the antenna is designed on Jeans’ textile substrate, which has a relative… More >

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