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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization Algorithms of PERT/CPM Network Diagrams in Linear Diophantine Fuzzy Environment

    Mani Parimala1, Karthikeyan Prakash1, Ashraf Al-Quran2,*, Muhammad Riaz3, Saeid Jafari4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 1095-1118, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031193

    Abstract The idea of linear Diophantine fuzzy set (LDFS) theory with its control parameters is a strong model for machine learning and optimization under uncertainty. The activity times in the critical path method (CPM) representation procedures approach are initially static, but in the Project Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) approach, they are probabilistic. This study proposes a novel way of project review and assessment methodology for a project network in a linear Diophantine fuzzy (LDF) environment. The LDF expected task time, LDF variance, LDF critical path, and LDF total expected time for determining the project network are all computed using LDF… More > Graphic Abstract

    Optimization Algorithms of PERT/CPM Network Diagrams in Linear Diophantine Fuzzy Environment

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Study of Metaheuristic Optimization Algorithms for Solving Real-World Engineering Design Problems

    Elif Varol Altay, Osman Altay, Yusuf Özçevik*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 1039-1094, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029404

    Abstract Real-world engineering design problems with complex objective functions under some constraints are relatively difficult problems to solve. Such design problems are widely experienced in many engineering fields, such as industry, automotive, construction, machinery, and interdisciplinary research. However, there are established optimization techniques that have shown effectiveness in addressing these types of issues. This research paper gives a comparative study of the implementation of seventeen new metaheuristic methods in order to optimize twelve distinct engineering design issues. The algorithms used in the study are listed as: transient search optimization (TSO), equilibrium optimizer (EO), grey wolf optimizer (GWO), moth-flame optimization (MFO), whale… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Multi-Robot Privacy-Preserving Algorithms Based on Federated Learning: A Review

    Jiansheng Peng1,2,*, Jinsong Guo1, Fengbo Bao1, Chengjun Yang2, Yong Xu2, Yong Qin2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2971-2994, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041897

    Abstract The robotics industry has seen rapid development in recent years due to the Corona Virus Disease 2019. With the development of sensors and smart devices, factories and enterprises have accumulated a large amount of data in their daily production, which creates extremely favorable conditions for robots to perform machine learning. However, in recent years, people’s awareness of data privacy has been increasing, leading to the inability to circulate data between different enterprises, resulting in the emergence of data silos. The emergence of federated learning provides a feasible solution to this problem, and the combination of federated learning and multi-robot systems… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Deep Learning for Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Lung Diseases: An Automated Method Combining Evolutionary Algorithm, Transfer Learning, and Model Compression

    Hassen Louati1,2, Ali Louati3,*, Elham Kariri3, Slim Bechikh2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2519-2547, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030806

    Abstract Recent developments in Computer Vision have presented novel opportunities to tackle complex healthcare issues, particularly in the field of lung disease diagnosis. One promising avenue involves the use of chest X-Rays, which are commonly utilized in radiology. To fully exploit their potential, researchers have suggested utilizing deep learning methods to construct computer-aided diagnostic systems. However, constructing and compressing these systems presents a significant challenge, as it relies heavily on the expertise of data scientists. To tackle this issue, we propose an automated approach that utilizes an evolutionary algorithm (EA) to optimize the design and compression of a convolutional neural network… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison among Classical, Probabilistic and Quantum Algorithms for Hamiltonian Cycle Problem

    Giuseppe Corrente1,2,*, Carlo Vincenzo Stanzione3,4, Vittoria Stanzione5

    Journal of Quantum Computing, Vol.5, pp. 55-70, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jqc.2023.044786

    Abstract The Hamiltonian cycle problem (HCP), which is an NP-complete problem, consists of having a graph G with nodes and m edges and finding the path that connects each node exactly once. In this paper we compare some algorithms to solve a Hamiltonian cycle problem, using different models of computations and especially the probabilistic and quantum ones. Starting from the classical probabilistic approach of random walks, we take a step to the quantum direction by involving an ad hoc designed Quantum Turing Machine (QTM), which can be a useful conceptual project tool for quantum algorithms. Introducing several constraints to the graphs,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of T-Factor on Quantum Annealing Algorithms for Integer Factoring Problem

    Zhiqi Liu1, Shihui Zheng1, Xingyu Yan1, Ping Pan1,2, Licheng Wang1,3,*

    Journal of Quantum Computing, Vol.5, pp. 41-54, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jqc.2023.045572

    Abstract The hardness of the integer factoring problem (IFP) plays a core role in the security of RSA-like cryptosystems that are widely used today. Besides Shor’s quantum algorithm that can solve IFP within polynomial time, quantum annealing algorithms (QAA) also manifest certain advantages in factoring integers. In experimental aspects, the reported integers that were successfully factored by using the D-wave QAA platform are much larger than those being factored by using Shor-like quantum algorithms. In this paper, we report some interesting observations about the effects of QAA for solving IFP. More specifically, we introduce a metric, called T-factor that measures the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Force Sensitive Resistors-Based Real-Time Posture Detection System Using Machine Learning Algorithms

    Arsal Javaid1, Areeb Abbas1, Jehangir Arshad1, Mohammad Khalid Imam Rahmani2,*, Sohaib Tahir Chauhdary3, Mujtaba Hussain Jaffery1, Abdulbasid S. Banga2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1795-1814, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044140

    Abstract To detect the improper sitting posture of a person sitting on a chair, a posture detection system using machine learning classification has been proposed in this work. The addressed problem correlates to the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all ages, as specified by the World Health Organization (WHO). An improper sitting position can be fatal if one sits for a long time in the wrong position, and it can be dangerous for ulcers and lower spine discomfort. This novel study includes a practical implementation of a cushion consisting of a grid of 3… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electroencephalography (EEG) Based Neonatal Sleep Staging and Detection Using Various Classification Algorithms

    Hafza Ayesha Siddiqa1, Muhammad Irfan1, Saadullah Farooq Abbasi2,*, Wei Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1759-1778, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041970

    Abstract Automatic sleep staging of neonates is essential for monitoring their brain development and maturity of the nervous system. EEG based neonatal sleep staging provides valuable information about an infant’s growth and health, but is challenging due to the unique characteristics of EEG and lack of standardized protocols. This study aims to develop and compare 18 machine learning models using Automated Machine Learning (autoML) technique for accurate and reliable multi-channel EEG-based neonatal sleep-wake classification. The study investigates autoML feasibility without extensive manual selection of features or hyperparameter tuning. The data is obtained from neonates at post-menstrual age 37 ± 05 weeks.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Equilibrium Optimizer for Solving Optimization Tasks

    Yuting Liu1, Hongwei Ding1,*, Zongshan Wang1,*, Gaurav Dhiman2,3,4, Zhijun Yang1, Peng Hu5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2385-2406, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039883

    Abstract The equilibrium optimizer (EO) represents a new, physics-inspired metaheuristic optimization approach that draws inspiration from the principles governing the control of volume-based mixing to achieve dynamic mass equilibrium. Despite its innovative foundation, the EO exhibits certain limitations, including imbalances between exploration and exploitation, the tendency to local optima, and the susceptibility to loss of population diversity. To alleviate these drawbacks, this paper introduces an improved EO that adopts three strategies: adaptive inertia weight, Cauchy mutation, and adaptive sine cosine mechanism, called SCEO. Firstly, a new update formula is conceived by incorporating an adaptive inertia weight to reach an appropriate balance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fake News Classification: Past, Current, and Future

    Muhammad Usman Ghani Khan1, Abid Mehmood2, Mourad Elhadef2, Shehzad Ashraf Chaudhry2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2225-2249, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038303

    Abstract The proliferation of deluding data such as fake news and phony audits on news web journals, online publications, and internet business apps has been aided by the availability of the web, cell phones, and social media. Individuals can quickly fabricate comments and news on social media. The most difficult challenge is determining which news is real or fake. Accordingly, tracking down programmed techniques to recognize fake news online is imperative. With an emphasis on false news, this study presents the evolution of artificial intelligence techniques for detecting spurious social media content. This study shows past, current, and possible methods that… More >

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