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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electroencephalography (EEG) Based Neonatal Sleep Staging and Detection Using Various Classification Algorithms

    Hafza Ayesha Siddiqa1, Muhammad Irfan1, Saadullah Farooq Abbasi2,*, Wei Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1759-1778, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041970

    Abstract Automatic sleep staging of neonates is essential for monitoring their brain development and maturity of the nervous system. EEG based neonatal sleep staging provides valuable information about an infant’s growth and health, but is challenging due to the unique characteristics of EEG and lack of standardized protocols. This study aims to develop and compare 18 machine learning models using Automated Machine Learning (autoML) technique for accurate and reliable multi-channel EEG-based neonatal sleep-wake classification. The study investigates autoML feasibility without extensive manual selection of features or hyperparameter tuning. The data is obtained from neonates at post-menstrual age 37 ± 05 weeks.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Equilibrium Optimizer for Solving Optimization Tasks

    Yuting Liu1, Hongwei Ding1,*, Zongshan Wang1,*, Gaurav Dhiman2,3,4, Zhijun Yang1, Peng Hu5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2385-2406, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039883

    Abstract The equilibrium optimizer (EO) represents a new, physics-inspired metaheuristic optimization approach that draws inspiration from the principles governing the control of volume-based mixing to achieve dynamic mass equilibrium. Despite its innovative foundation, the EO exhibits certain limitations, including imbalances between exploration and exploitation, the tendency to local optima, and the susceptibility to loss of population diversity. To alleviate these drawbacks, this paper introduces an improved EO that adopts three strategies: adaptive inertia weight, Cauchy mutation, and adaptive sine cosine mechanism, called SCEO. Firstly, a new update formula is conceived by incorporating an adaptive inertia weight to reach an appropriate balance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fake News Classification: Past, Current, and Future

    Muhammad Usman Ghani Khan1, Abid Mehmood2, Mourad Elhadef2, Shehzad Ashraf Chaudhry2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2225-2249, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038303

    Abstract The proliferation of deluding data such as fake news and phony audits on news web journals, online publications, and internet business apps has been aided by the availability of the web, cell phones, and social media. Individuals can quickly fabricate comments and news on social media. The most difficult challenge is determining which news is real or fake. Accordingly, tracking down programmed techniques to recognize fake news online is imperative. With an emphasis on false news, this study presents the evolution of artificial intelligence techniques for detecting spurious social media content. This study shows past, current, and possible methods that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Convolutional Neural Network Model for Fire Detection in Real-Time Environment

    Abdul Rehman, Dongsun Kim*, Anand Paul

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2289-2307, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036435

    Abstract Disasters such as conflagration, toxic smoke, harmful gas or chemical leakage, and many other catastrophes in the industrial environment caused by hazardous distance from the peril are frequent. The calamities are causing massive fiscal and human life casualties. However, Wireless Sensors Network-based adroit monitoring and early warning of these dangerous incidents will hamper fiscal and social fiasco. The authors have proposed an early fire detection system uses machine and/or deep learning algorithms. The article presents an Intelligent Industrial Monitoring System (IIMS) and introduces an Industrial Smart Social Agent (ISSA) in the Industrial SIoT (ISIoT) paradigm. The proffered ISSA empowers smart… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Ligand Based Virtual Screening of Molecular Compounds in Drug Discovery Using GCAN Fingerprint and Ensemble Machine Learning Algorithm

    R. Ani1,*, O. S. Deepa2, B. R. Manju1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 3033-3048, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033807

    Abstract The drug development process takes a long time since it requires sorting through a large number of inactive compounds from a large collection of compounds chosen for study and choosing just the most pertinent compounds that can bind to a disease protein. The use of virtual screening in pharmaceutical research is growing in popularity. During the early phases of medication research and development, it is crucial. Chemical compound searches are now more narrowly targeted. Because the databases contain more and more ligands, this method needs to be quick and exact. Neural network fingerprints were created more effectively than the well-known… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cascade Human Activity Recognition Based on Simple Computations Incorporating Appropriate Prior Knowledge

    Jianguo Wang1, Kuan Zhang1,*, Yuesheng Zhao2,*, Xiaoling Wang2, Muhammad Shamrooz Aslam2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 79-96, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040506

    Abstract The purpose of Human Activities Recognition (HAR) is to recognize human activities with sensors like accelerometers and gyroscopes. The normal research strategy is to obtain better HAR results by finding more efficient eigenvalues and classification algorithms. In this paper, we experimentally validate the HAR process and its various algorithms independently. On the base of which, it is further proposed that, in addition to the necessary eigenvalues and intelligent algorithms, correct prior knowledge is even more critical. The prior knowledge mentioned here mainly refers to the physical understanding of the analyzed object, the sampling process, the sampling data, the HAR algorithm,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Automatic Arabic Essay Scoring System Based on Machine Learning Algorithms

    Nourmeen Lotfy1, Abdulaziz Shehab1,2,*, Mohammed Elhoseny1,3, Ahmed Abu-Elfetouh1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1227-1249, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039185

    Abstract Despite the extensive effort to improve intelligent educational tools for smart learning environments, automatic Arabic essay scoring remains a big research challenge. The nature of the writing style of the Arabic language makes the problem even more complicated. This study designs, implements, and evaluates an automatic Arabic essay scoring system. The proposed system starts with pre-processing the student answer and model answer dataset using data cleaning and natural language processing tasks. Then, it comprises two main components: the grading engine and the adaptive fusion engine. The grading engine employs string-based and corpus-based similarity algorithms separately. After that, the adaptive fusion… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Evaluation of Data Mining Algorithms in Breast Cancer

    Fuad A. M. Al-Yarimi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 633-645, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038858

    Abstract Unchecked breast cell growth is one of the leading causes of death in women globally and is the cause of breast cancer. The only method to avoid breast cancer-related deaths is through early detection and treatment. The proper classification of malignancies is one of the most significant challenges in the medical industry. Due to their high precision and accuracy, machine learning techniques are extensively employed for identifying and classifying various forms of cancer. Several data mining algorithms were studied and implemented by the author of this review and compared them to the present parameters and accuracy of various algorithms for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of High-Risk Scenarios for Cascading Failures in New Energy Power Grids Based on Deep Embedding Clustering Algorithms

    Xueting Cheng1, Ziqi Zhang2,*, Yueshuang Bao1, Huiping Zheng1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2517-2529, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042633

    Abstract At present, the proportion of new energy in the power grid is increasing, and the random fluctuations in power output increase the risk of cascading failures in the power grid. In this paper, we propose a method for identifying high-risk scenarios of interlocking faults in new energy power grids based on a deep embedding clustering (DEC) algorithm and apply it in a risk assessment of cascading failures in different operating scenarios for new energy power grids. First, considering the real-time operation status and system structure of new energy power grids, the scenario cascading failure risk indicator is established. Based on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Ensemble of Population-Based Metaheuristic Algorithms

    Hao Li, Jun Tang*, Qingtao Pan, Jianjun Zhan, Songyang Lao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2835-2859, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038670

    Abstract No optimization algorithm can obtain satisfactory results in all optimization tasks. Thus, it is an effective way to deal with the problem by an ensemble of multiple algorithms. This paper proposes an ensemble of population-based metaheuristics (EPM) to solve single-objective optimization problems. The design of the EPM framework includes three stages: the initial stage, the update stage, and the final stage. The framework applies the transformation of the real and virtual population to balance the problem of exploration and exploitation at the population level and uses an elite strategy to communicate among virtual populations. The experiment tested two benchmark function… More >

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