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  • Open Access


    Anatomical and Molecular Identification of Ornamental Plant Ficus L. Species

    Abtisam Binnoubah1, Rim Hamdy2, Osama G. Ragab3, Ahmed M. El-Taher4, Ahmed Abou El-Yazied5, Fatmah A. Safhi6,*, Hala A. Elzilal7, Ashwaq T. Althobaiti8, Salha M. ALshamrani9, Diaa Abd El Moneim10, Ahmed El-Banhawy11

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1329-1347, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026888

    Abstract This present study includes twelve species that represent the Ficus genus, namely; aspera, carica, tinctoria subsp. gibbosa, hirta, hispida, neriifolia, palmata, pumila, racemosa, septica, sur, and sycomorus, belonging to the Moraceae family. The species samples were collected from various locations in Egypt. The study focused on the anatomical and molecular characteristics of mature foliage leaves. Since the identification and classification of taxa are highly dependent on the anatomical features of leaves, the anatomical characteristics were recorded in the form of a comparison between the examined plants in the data matrix. This study aims to contribute to the identification of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Multimodal Imaging with 3D-Holograms for Preoperative Planning in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Unique Case Report

    Federica Caldaroni1, Massimo Chessa2, Alessandro Varrica1, Alessandro Giamberti1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 491-494, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.019119

    Abstract Multimodal imaging, including augmented or mixed reality, transforms the physicians’ interaction with clinical imaging, allowing more accurate data interpretation, better spatial resolution, and depth perception of the patient’s anatomy. We successfully overlay 3D holographic visualization to magnetic resonance imaging images for preoperative decision making of a complex case of cardiac tumour in a 7-year-old girl. More >

  • Open Access


    Light Intensity Affects the Coloration and Structure of Chimeric Leaves of Ananas comosus var. bracteatus

    Wei Yang, Yuke Lin, Yanbin Xue, Meiqin Mao, Xuzixing Zhou, Hao Hu, Jiawen Liu, Lijun Feng, Huiling Zhang, Jiaheng Luo, Jun Ma*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.2, pp. 333-348, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.016862

    Abstract Ananas comosus var. bracteatus is an important ornamental plant because of its green/white chimeric leaves. The accumulation of anthocyanin makes the leaf turn to red especially in the marginal part. However, the red fades away in summer and winter. Light intensity is one of the most important factors affecting leaf color along the seasons. In order to understand the effects of light intensity on the growth and coloration of the chimeric leaves, Ananas comosus var. bracteatus was grown under full sunlight, 50% shade and 75% shade for 75 days to evaluate the concentration of pigments, the color parameters (values L*,… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison of Morphological and Anatomical Characteristics of Taxus chinensis var. mairei Seedlings Root under Waterlogging Stress in Different Substrates

    Xinru He, Qiong Ding, Bing Sun, Yongjun Fei, Die Hu*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.6, pp. 1673-1684, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015617

    Abstract Four different ratios of river sand, ceramic pellets, vermiculite and perlite (1:1), and field soil were selected as the substrates in this experiment, and four gradient levels of root waterlogging, half waterlogging, full waterlogging and normal were set to investigate the effects of different gradients of waterlogging stress on the root morphology of Taxus chinensis var. mairei seedlings under different substrates. In this study, the root anatomical structure of Taxus chinensis var. mairei under different waterlogging stress was observed by the paraffin section method. The roots of T. chinensis var. mairei were diarch, with no pith and resin canals. There… More >

  • Open Access


    Design and Development of Collaborative AR System for Anatomy Training

    Chung Le Van1, Trinh Hiep Hoa1, Nguyen Minh Duc1, Vikram Puri1, Tung Sanh Nguyen2, Dac-Nhuong Le3,4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 853-871, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.013732

    Abstract Background: Augmented Reality (AR) incorporates both real and virtual objects in real-time environments and allows single and multi-users to interact with 3D models. It is often tricky to adopt multi-users in the same environment because of the devices’ latency and model position accuracy in displaying the models simultaneously. Method: To address this concern, we present a multi-user sharing technique in the AR of the human anatomy that increases learning with high quality, high stability, and low latency in multiple devices. Besides, the multi-user interactive display (HoloLens) merges with the human body anatomy application (AnatomyNow) to teach and train students, academic… More >

  • Open Access


    Abnormal Coronary Anatomy in Patients with Transposition of the Great Arteries and Atrial Switch: A Predictor of Serious Cardiac Adverse Events?

    Yoann Perreux1, Marie Alexandre Chaix2, Anna Kamp3, François-Pierre Mongeon2, Magali Pham2, Loïc Boussel1, Roland Henaine1, Annie Dore2, Blandine Mondésert2, Sylvie Di-Filippo1, Paul Khairy2, Francis Bessiere1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.15, No.6, pp. 473-482, 2020, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2020.013032

    Abstract Sudden cardiac death and heart failure are well known long-term complications after atrial switch for D-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA). Right systemic ventricular dysfunction is common and myocardial ischemia has been implicated as a putative mechanism for sudden death, with coronary anomalies prevalent in 30% of cases. We sought to assess an association between adverse events and coronary anomalies in patients with D-TGA and atrial switch surgery. An observational study was conducted in 3 tertiary centers (Montreal Heart Institute, Canada, Nationwide Children’s hospital, Chicago, USA and Hopital cardiologique Louis Pradel de Lyon, France). Adults with D-TGA and atrial switch… More >

  • Open Access


    Dysphagia in infants with single ventricle anatomy following stage 1 palliation: Physiologic correlates and response to treatment

    Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan1,2,3,4, Heather McGhee2,3, Allan DeToma5, Elizabeth G. Hill5, Sinai C. Zyblewski6, Maureen Lefton-Greif7,8,9, Lucinda Halstead1,2, Scott M. Bradley10, Bonnie Martin-Harris1,2,3,4

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 382-388, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12456

    Abstract Background: Deficits in swallowing physiology are a leading morbidity for infants with functional single ventricles and systemic outflow tract obstruction following stage 1 palliation. Despite the high prevalence of this condition, the underlying deficits that cause this post-operative impairment remain poorly understood.
    Objective: Identify the physiologic correlates of dysphagia in infants with functional single ventricles and systemic outflow tract obstruction following stage 1 palliative surgery.
    Methods: Postoperative fiberoptic laryngoscopies and videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) were conducted sequentially on infants with functional single ventricles following stage 1 palliative surgery. Infants were dichotomized as having normal or impaired laryngeal function based on… More >

  • Open Access


    Morpho-Anatomy of the Echium plantagineum L. (Boraginaceae) Diaspores in Relation with Water Uptake and Germination

    María Laura Molinelli*, Rocío Tarifa, Patricia Perissé

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.2, pp. 345-360, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08796

    Abstract Echium plantagineum (Boraginaceae) is native of the Mediterranean regions, has been introduced and become widespread within the American continent (North to South), South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. This plant has seed dormancy, aggressively spreads to infest vast areas of predominantly agricultural land and is considered a toxic weed to livestock. The objectives of this research were: (i) to study the morpho-anatomy of the diaspores of E. plantagineum; (ii) to identify the pathway of water uptake; and (iii) to characterize the germination and the seedling. The morpho-anatomical studies were carried out analyzing semi-permanent slides of transverse and longitudinal sections of… More >

  • Open Access


    Leaf surfaces of Gomphrena spp. (Amaranthaceae) from Cerrado biome


    BIOCELL, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 23-36, 2010, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2010.34.023

    Abstract The leaf structure and micromorphology characterize plant species and reflex its interactions with the environment. Leaf epidermis sculptures aid high transpiration plants on light reflection. The form and distribution of epicuticular wax crystalloids are important to characterize the surface. Aiming to know the micromorphology and the ultrastructure of G. arborescens, G. pohlii and G. virgata, leaves of these Cerrado native species were collected in Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil, at the Olympic Center of the Universidade de Brasília and at Reserva Ecológica do Roncador. Leaves of G. globosa, an Indian native species, were also studied for comparison. Leaves were fractionated, fixed… More >

  • Open Access


    Leaf blade anatomy and ultrastructure of six Simira species (Rubiaceae) from the Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil


    BIOCELL, Vol.33, No.3, pp. 155-165, 2009, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2009.33.155

    Abstract Simira is a predominantly woody Neotropical genus comprising 41 taxa, 16 of which occur in Brazil and eight of them in the southeastern region of Brazil. Leaf blades of Simira eliezeriana Peixoto, S. glaziovii (K. Schum.) Steyerm., S. grazielae Peixoto, S. pikia (K. Schum.) Steyerm., S. rubra (Mart.) Steyerm., S. sampaioana (Standl.) Steyerm. were collected in the southeastern region of Brazil and fixed according to usual methods for light and electron microscopy. The leaf blades show typical characteristics of the Rubiaceae family as dorsiventral mesophyll and paracytic stomata. The presence of two bundle sheaths that extend to the upper epidermal… More >

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