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Search Results (102)
  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Deep Learning-Based Unsupervised Anomaly Detection in High Dimensional Data

    Amgad Muneer1,2,*, Shakirah Mohd Taib1,2, Suliman Mohamed Fati3, Abdullateef O. Balogun1, Izzatdin Abdul Aziz1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5363-5381, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021113

    Abstract Anomaly detection in high dimensional data is a critical research issue with serious implication in the real-world problems. Many issues in this field still unsolved, so several modern anomaly detection methods struggle to maintain adequate accuracy due to the highly descriptive nature of big data. Such a phenomenon is referred to as the “curse of dimensionality” that affects traditional techniques in terms of both accuracy and performance. Thus, this research proposed a hybrid model based on Deep Autoencoder Neural Network (DANN) with five layers to reduce the difference between the input and output. The proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    Industrial Datasets with ICS Testbed and Attack Detection Using Machine Learning Techniques

    Sinil Mubarak1, Mohamed Hadi Habaebi1,*, Md Rafiqul Islam1, Asaad Balla1, Mohammad Tahir2, Elfatih A. A. Elsheikh3, F. M. Suliman3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.3, pp. 1345-1360, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020801

    Abstract Industrial control systems (ICS) are the backbone for the implementation of cybersecurity solutions. They are susceptible to various attacks, due to openness in connectivity, unauthorized attempts, malicious attacks, use of more commercial off the shelf (COTS) software and hardware, and implementation of Internet protocols (IP) that exposes them to the outside world. Cybersecurity solutions for Information technology (IT) secured with firewalls, intrusion detection/protection systems do nothing much for Operational technology (OT) ICS. An innovative concept of using real operational technology network traffic-based testbed, for cyber-physical system simulation and analysis, is presented. The testbed is equipped… More >

  • Open Access


    Rule-Based Anomaly Detection Model with Stateful Correlation Enhancing Mobile Network Security

    Rafia Afzal, Raja Kumar Murugesan*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.3, pp. 1825-1841, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020598

    Abstract The global Signalling System No. 7 (SS7) network protocol standard has been developed and regulated based only on trusted partner networks. The SS7 network protocol by design neither secures the communication channel nor verifies the entire network peers. The SS7 network protocol used in telecommunications has deficiencies that include verification of actual subscribers, precise location, subscriber’s belonging to a network, absence of illegitimate message filtering mechanism, and configuration deficiencies in home routing networks. Attackers can take advantage of these deficiencies and exploit them to impose threats such as subscriber or network data disclosure, intercept mobile… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Anomaly Detection in Surveillance Videos with Multiple Probabilistic Models Inference

    Zhen Xu1, Xiaoqian Zeng1, Genlin Ji1,*, Bo Sheng2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.3, pp. 1703-1717, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.016919

    Abstract Anomaly detection in surveillance videos is an extremely challenging task due to the ambiguous definitions for abnormality. In a complex surveillance scenario, the kinds of abnormal events are numerous and might co-exist, including such as appearance and motion anomaly of objects, long-term abnormal activities, etc. Traditional video anomaly detection methods cannot detect all these kinds of abnormal events. Hence, we utilize multiple probabilistic models inference to detect as many different kinds of abnormal events as possible. To depict realistic events in a scene, the parameters of our methods are tailored to the characteristics of video… More >

  • Open Access


    Arrhythmia and Disease Classification Based on Deep Learning Techniques

    Ramya G. Franklin1,*, B. Muthukumar2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 835-851, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.019877

    Abstract Electrocardiography (ECG) is a method for monitoring the human heart’s electrical activity. ECG signal is often used by clinical experts in the collected time arrangement for the evaluation of any rhythmic circumstances of a topic. The research was carried to make the assignment computerized by displaying the problem with encoder-decoder methods, by using misfortune appropriation to predict standard or anomalous information. The two Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) fully connected layer (FCL) have shown improved levels over deep learning networks (DLNs) across a wide range of applications such as speech… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Semisupervised Learning-Based Network Anomaly Detection in Heterogeneous Information Systems

    Nazarii Lutsiv1, Taras Maksymyuk1,*, Mykola Beshley1, Orest Lavriv1, Volodymyr Andrushchak1, Anatoliy Sachenko2, Liberios Vokorokos3, Juraj Gazda3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 413-431, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018773

    Abstract The extensive proliferation of modern information services and ubiquitous digitization of society have raised cybersecurity challenges to new levels. With the massive number of connected devices, opportunities for potential network attacks are nearly unlimited. An additional problem is that many low-cost devices are not equipped with effective security protection so that they are easily hacked and applied within a network of bots (botnet) to perform distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. In this paper, we propose a novel intrusion detection system (IDS) based on deep learning that aims to identify suspicious behavior in modern heterogeneous… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Anomaly Detection Based on Hierarchical Status-Connection Features in Networked Control Systems

    Jianming Zhao1,2,3,4, Peng Zeng1,2,3,4,*, Chunyu Chen1,2,3,4, Zhiwei Dong5, Jongho Han6

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 337-350, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016966

    Abstract As networked control systems continue to be widely used in large-scale industrial productions, industrial cyber-attacks have become an inevitable problem that can cause serious damage to critical infrastructures. In practice, industrial intrusion detection has been widely acknowledged to detect abnormal communication behaviors. However, unlike traditional IT systems, networked control systems have their own communication characteristics due to specific industrial communication protocols. Thus, simple cyber-attack modeling is inadequate and impractical for high-efficiency intrusion detection because the characteristics of network control systems are less considered. Based on the status information and transmission connection in industrial communication data… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Layer Reconstruction Errors Autoencoding and Density Estimate for Network Anomaly Detection

    Ruikun Li1,*, Yun Li2, Wen He1,3, Lirong Chen1, Jianchao Luo1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.128, No.1, pp. 381-398, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.016264

    Abstract Anomaly detection is an important method for intrusion detection. In recent years, unsupervised methods have been widely researched because they do not require labeling. For example, a nonlinear autoencoder can use reconstruction errors to attain the discrimination threshold. This method is not effective when the model complexity is high or the data contains noise. The method for detecting the density of compressed features in a hidden layer can be used to reduce the influence of noise on the selection of the threshold because the density of abnormal data in hidden layers is smaller than normal… More >

  • Open Access


    Mining Bytecode Features of Smart Contracts to Detect Ponzi Scheme on Blockchain

    Xiajiong Shen1,3, Shuaimin Jiang2,3, Lei Zhang1,2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 1069-1085, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015736

    Abstract The emergence of smart contracts has increased the attention of industry and academia to blockchain technology, which is tamper-proofing, decentralized, autonomous, and enables decentralized applications to operate in untrustworthy environments. However, these features of this technology are also easily exploited by unscrupulous individuals, a typical example of which is the Ponzi scheme in Ethereum. The negative effect of unscrupulous individuals writing Ponzi scheme-type smart contracts in Ethereum and then using these contracts to scam large amounts of money has been significant. To solve this problem, we propose a detection model for detecting Ponzi schemes in… More >

  • Open Access


    An Adaptive Anomaly Detection Algorithm Based on CFSFDP

    Weiwu Ren1,*, Xiaoqiang Di1, Zhanwei Du2, Jianping Zhao1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2057-2073, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016678

    Abstract CFSFDP (Clustering by fast search and find of density peak) is a simple and crisp density clustering algorithm. It does not only have the advantages of density clustering algorithm, but also can find the peak of cluster automatically. However, the lack of adaptability makes it difficult to apply in intrusion detection. The new input cannot be updated in time to the existing profiles, and rebuilding profiles would waste a lot of time and computation. Therefore, an adaptive anomaly detection algorithm based on CFSFDP is proposed in this paper. By analyzing the influence of new input… More >

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