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  • Open Access


    Recent Developments to Mitigate Selenium Deficiency in Agricultural Eco-Systems

    Misbah Naz1, Rubab Shabbir2,17, Krishan K. Verma3, Anshu Rastogi4, Vishnu D. Rajput5, Talha Javed2,6, Muhammad Ammar Raza7, Kainat Asif8, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal9, Muhammad Imran10, Mohammad Sohidul Islam11, Khalid Rehman Hakeem12,13,*, Mehmet Firat Baran14, Ayman EL Sabagh15,16,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.5, pp. 915-927, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018688


    Under changing climate, trace elements like selenium (Se) have emerged as vital constituent of agro-ecosystems enabling crop plants to off-set the adverse effects of suboptimal growth conditions. The available form of selenium is important for boosting its bioavailability to crop plants having varied agro-botanical traits and root architectural systems. As compared to selenite, the selenate has a weaker soil bonding, higher absorption in the soil solution which results in a comparatively absorption by plant roots. Various factors including dry climate, high pH, optimal ambient air temperature, less accumulation of water, and low concentration of organic

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  • Open Access


    Parking Availability Prediction with Coarse-Grained Human Mobility Data

    Aurora Gonzalez-Vidal1, Fernando Terroso-Sáenz2,*, Antonio Skarmeta1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4355-4375, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021492

    Abstract Nowadays, the anticipation of parking-space demand is an instrumental service in order to reduce traffic congestion levels in urban spaces. The purpose of our work is to study, design and develop a parking-availability predictor that extracts the knowledge from human mobility data, based on the anonymized human displacements of an urban area, and also from weather conditions. Most of the existing solutions for this prediction take as contextual data the current road-traffic state defined at very high temporal or spatial resolution. However, access to this type of fine-grained location data is usually quite limited due… More >

  • Open Access


    Security Threat and Vulnerability Assessment and Measurement in Secure Software Development

    Mamoona Humayun1, NZ Jhanjhi2,*, Maram Fahhad Almufareh1, Muhammad Ibrahim Khalil3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5039-5059, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019289

    Abstract Security is critical to the success of software, particularly in today's fast-paced, technology-driven environment. It ensures that data, code, and services maintain their CIA (Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability). This is only possible if security is taken into account at all stages of the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle). Various approaches to software quality have been developed, such as CMMI (Capability maturity model integration). However, there exists no explicit solution for incorporating security into all phases of SDLC. One of the major causes of pervasive vulnerabilities is a failure to prioritize security. Even the most proactive… More >

  • Open Access


    Predicting Resource Availability in Local Mobile Crowd Computing Using Convolutional GRU

    Pijush Kanti Dutta Pramanik1, Nilanjan Sinhababu2, Anand Nayyar3,4,*, Mehedi Masud5, Prasenjit Choudhury1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5199-5212, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019630

    Abstract In mobile crowd computing (MCC), people’s smart mobile devices (SMDs) are utilized as computing resources. Considering the ever-growing computing capabilities of today’s SMDs, a collection of them can offer significantly high-performance computing services. In a local MCC, the SMDs are typically connected to a local Wi-Fi network. Organizations and institutions can leverage the SMDs available within the campus to form local MCCs to cater to their computing needs without any financial and operational burden. Though it offers an economical and sustainable computing solution, users’ mobility poses a serious issue in the QoS of MCC. To… More >

  • Open Access


    The Spatial-Temporal Heterogeneity of Understory Light Availability in a Temperate Forest of North China

    Jie Li1, Ziyu Zhou2, Yun Chen2, Qiusheng Yang1,*, Carlos Alberto Busso3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.6, pp. 1633-1644, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016795

    Abstract The spatial-temporal variation of understory light availability has important influences on species diversity and community assembly. However, the distribution characteristics and influencing factors of understory light availability have not been fully elucidated, especially in temperate deciduous, broad-leaved forests. In this study, the understory light availability was monitored monthly (May–October) in a temperate deciduous, broad-leaved forest in Henan Province, China. Differences in the light availability among different months and habitat types were statistically analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis method, respectively. Partial least squares path modeling (PLS-PM) was used to explore the direct and/or indirect effects of stand structure,… More >

  • Open Access


    Adjusting Nitrogen Application in Accordance with Soil Water Availability Enhances Yield and Water Use by Regulating Physiological Traits of Maize under Drip Fertigation

    Mingda Yang1, Shouchen Ma2, Fujian Mei1, Li Wei1, Tongchao Wang1,*, Xiaokang Guan1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 417-435, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.013175

    Abstract Knowledge of the interactive effects of water and nitrogen (N) on physio-chemical traits of maize (Zea mays L.) helps to optimize water and N management and improve productivity. A split-plot experiment was conducted with three soil water conditions (severe drought, moderate drought, and fully water supply referring to 45%–55%, 65%–75%, and 85%–95% field capacity, respectively) and four N application rates (N0, N150, N240, and N330 referring to 0, 150, 240, 330 kg N ha–1 respectively) under drip fertigation in 2014 and 2015 in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain of China. The results indicated that drought stress inhibited physiological activity of plants… More >

  • Open Access


    Improving Availability in Component-Based Distributed Systems

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 1345-1357, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.013835

    Abstract Assuring high availability is an important factor to develop component-based systems, particularly when different workloads and configurations are common. Several methods have been proposed in the literature to redeploy and replicate software components to find the best deployment architecture that guarantees high availability of component-based systems. In this paper, an extended method has been proposed to improve the availability of component-based systems by adding new CPU factors. The proposed method has been implemented by a self-developed program and using a java programming language with Eclipse KEPLER. Several simulations and experiment scenarios have been performed to… More >

  • Open Access


    Biological and Functional Properties of Wedelolactone in Human Chronic Diseases

    Ramachandran Vinyagam1, Pradeep Kumar2, Kyung Eun Lee1,3, Baojun Xu4, Muhammad Nurul Matin5,*, Sang Gu Kang1,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.1, pp. 1-15, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.013388

    Abstract Medicinal herbs are well known and studied over the past millennia in most of the developing countries as a rational means of treatment against various diseases and disorders. Wedelolactone (WDL), a major bioactive compound in Eclipta prostrata L (Eclipta alba L), has been reported with potential benefits in human health against chronic diseases. However, a comprehensive study on WDL pharmacological benefits in various ailments, to the best of our knowledge, is not yet reported. Thereof, the present review provides the recent therapeutic applications in reference to biological and functional activities against major human chronic diseases, including cardiovascular, More >

  • Open Access


    FP-STE: A Novel Node Failure Prediction Method Based on Spatio-Temporal Feature Extraction in Data Centers

    Yang Yang1,*, Jing Dong1, Chao Fang2, Ping Xie3, Na An3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.123, No.3, pp. 1015-1031, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.09404

    Abstract The development of cloud computing and virtualization technology has brought great challenges to the reliability of data center services. Data centers typically contain a large number of compute and storage nodes which may fail and affect the quality of service. Failure prediction is an important means of ensuring service availability. Predicting node failure in cloud-based data centers is challenging because the failure symptoms reflected have complex characteristics, and the distribution imbalance between the failure sample and the normal sample is widespread, resulting in inaccurate failure prediction. Targeting these challenges, this paper proposes a novel failure… More >

  • Open Access


    Single Failure Routing Protection Algorithm in the Hybrid SDN Network

    Haijun Geng1, Jiangyuan Yao2, *, Yangyang Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.64, No.1, pp. 665-679, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.09912

    Abstract Loop free alternate (LFA) is a routing protection scheme that is currently deployed in commercial routers. However, LFA cannot handle all single network component failure scenarios in traditional networks. As Internet service providers have begun to deploy software defined network (SDN) technology, the Internet will be in a hybrid SDN network where traditional and SDN devices coexist for a long time. Therefore, this study aims to deploy the LFA scheme in hybrid SDN network architecture to handle all possible single network component failure scenarios. First, the deployment of LFA scheme in a hybrid SDN network More >

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