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  • Open Access


    Mannonic Acid and Bio-Ethanol Production from Konjac Using a Two-Step Bioprocess with Candida Shehatae and Gluconobacter Oxydans

    Jianglin Zhao1, Xiaotong Zhang1, Weiwei Lei1, Xingqi Ji1, Xin Zhou1,2,*, Yong Xu1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 79-88, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08761

    Abstract Amorphophallus konjac is rich in glucomannan, which can be hydrolyzed into glucose and mannose, thereby acting as an economic raw material for the acquisition of glucose and mannose. The total sugar yield was 91.2% when konjac powder was treated with 0.75% hydrochloric acid at 121°C for 1 h. Thus, dilute acid hydrolysates of konjac powder were used as a carbon source for obtaining value-added products. Here we showed that the microbial production of ethanol and mannonic acid was obtained by employing Candida shehatae (C. shehatae) and Gluconobacter oxydans (G. oxydans). Through a step-by-step bioprocess, glucose is the first selectively converted… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison of Dilute Organic Acid Pretreatment and a Comprehensive Exploration of Citric Acid Pretreatment on Corn Cob

    Hui Qiao1, Jingzhao Cui1, Shuiping Ouyang1, Jinjie Shi2, Jia Ouyang1,3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.11, pp. 1197-1207, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.07735

    Abstract As an important agricultural waste, corn cob is one of the most abundant lignocellulosic biomass. In this work, dilute acid pretreatment using seven different organic acids were compared for compositional analysis of corn cob. The first pKa of organic acids, influenced by the number and type of the side group and distance between two carboxylic groups, played a crucial role in the pretreatment effect. Citric acid was found to have better pretreatment performance than other tested dicarboxylic acids. Under the condition of 30 mM, 160°C and 60 min, the level of xylose reached 22.64 g/L in pretreatment liquid, and the… More >

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