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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nanofluid Flow across a Moving Plate under Blasius-Rayleigh-Stokes (BRS) Variable Transport Fluid Characteristics

    Hanumesh Vaidya1, Fateh Mebarek-Oudina2,*, K. V. Prasad1, Rajashekhar Choudhari3, Neelufer Z. Basha1, Sangeeta Kalal1

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 65-78, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.047879

    Abstract This investigation aims to analyze the effects of heat transport characteristics in the unsteady flow of nanofluids over a moving plate caused by a moving slot factor. The BRS variable is utilized for the purpose of analyzing these characteristics. The process of mathematical computation involves converting the governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations that have suitable similarity components. The Keller-Box technique is employed to solve the ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and derive the corresponding mathematical outcomes. Figures and tables present the relationship between growth characteristics and various parameters such as temperature, velocity, skin More > Graphic Abstract

    Nanofluid Flow across a Moving Plate under Blasius-Rayleigh-Stokes (BRS) Variable Transport Fluid Characteristics

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Numerical Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics in Sisko Al2O3-Eg and TiO2-Eg Fluids on a Stretched Surface

    K. Jyothi1, Abhishek Dasore2,3,*, R. Ganapati4, Sk. Mohammad Shareef5, Ali J. Chamkha6, V. Raghavendra Prasad7

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 79-105, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.046891

    Abstract In the current research, a thorough examination unfolds concerning the attributes of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow and heat transfer inherent to nanoliquids derived from Sisko Al2O3-Eg and TiO2-Eg compositions. Such nanoliquids are subjected to an extending surface. Consideration is duly given to slip boundary conditions, as well as the effects stemming from variable viscosity and variable thermal conductivity. The analytical approach applied involves the application of suitable similarity transformations. These conversions serve to transform the initial set of complex nonlinear partial differential equations into a more manageable assembly of ordinary differential equations. Through the utilization… More > Graphic Abstract

    Comparative Numerical Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics in Sisko Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-Eg and TiO<sub>2</sub>-Eg Fluids on a Stretched Surface

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Steady Natural Convection from a Vertical Hot Plate with Variable Radiation

    Dewi Puspitasari1, Diah Kusuma Pratiwi1, Pramadhony Amran2, Kaprawi Sahim1,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 305-315, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041882

    Abstract The natural convection from a vertical hot plate with radiation and constant flux is studied numerically to know the velocity and temperature distribution characteristics over a vertical hot plate. The governing equations of the natural convection in two-dimension are solved with the implicit finite difference method, whereas the discretized equations are solved with the iterative relaxation method. The results show that the velocity and the temperature increase along the vertical wall. The influence of the radiation parameter in the boundary layer is significant in increasing the velocity and temperature profiles. The velocity profiles increase with More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SLIP EFFECTS ON BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW AND MASS TRANSFER WITH CHEMICAL REACTION OVER A PERMEABLE FLAT PLATE IN A POROUS MEDIUM

    Krishnendu Bhattacharyya*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.3, No.4, pp. 1-6, 2012, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v3.4.3006

    Abstract A mathematical model is presented to analyse the steady boundary layer slip flow and mass transfer with nth order chemical reaction past a porous plate embedded in a Darcy porous medium. Velocity as well as mass slips are considered at the boundary. The governing PDEs are transformed into self-similar nonlinear ODEs by similarity transformations. The reduced nonlinear equations are solved numerically. The momentum boundary layer thickness is reduced for increase of permeability and suction parameters, whereas it increases with blowing parameter. The increase of velocity slip parameter reduces the momentum boundary layer thickness and also More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS FOR A NANOFLUID PAST OVER A STRETCHING CIRCULAR CYLINDER WITH NON-UNIFORM HEAT SOURCE

    A. Rasekha,*, D.D. Ganjib, S. Tavakolib

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.3, No.4, pp. 1-6, 2012, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v3.4.3003

    Abstract The present paper deals with the analysis of boundary layer flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid over a stretching circular cylinder in the presence of non-uniform heat source/sink. The governing system of partial differential equations is converted to ordinary differential equations by using similarity transformations, which are then solved numerically using the Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg method with shooting technique. The solutions for the temperature and nanoparticle concentration distributions depend on six parameters, Prandtl number Pr, Lewis number Le, the Brownian motion parameter Nb, the thermophoresis parameter Nt, and non-uniform heat generation/absorption parameters A*, B*. Numerical results are presented both… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wavelet Multi-Resolution Interpolation Galerkin Method for Linear Singularly Perturbed Boundary Value Problems

    Jiaqun Wang1,2, Guanxu Pan2, Youhe Zhou2, Xiaojing Liu2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 297-318, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030622

    Abstract In this study, a wavelet multi-resolution interpolation Galerkin method (WMIGM) is proposed to solve linear singularly perturbed boundary value problems. Unlike conventional wavelet schemes, the proposed algorithm can be readily extended to special node generation techniques, such as the Shishkin node. Such a wavelet method allows a high degree of local refinement of the nodal distribution to efficiently capture localized steep gradients. All the shape functions possess the Kronecker delta property, making the imposition of boundary conditions as easy as that in the finite element method. Four numerical examples are studied to demonstrate the validity More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    BOUNDARY LAYER STAGNATION-POINT FLOW OF CASSON FLUID AND HEAT TRANSFER TOWARDS A SHRINKING/STRETCHING SHEET

    Krishnendu Bhattacharyya*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-9, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3003

    Abstract The steady boundary layer stagnation-point flow of Casson fluid and heat transfer towards a shrinking/stretching sheet is studied. Appropriate similarity transformations are employed to transform the governing partial differential equations into the self-similar ordinary differential equations and those are then solved numerically using very efficient shooting method. The numerical computations are carried out for several values of parameters involved (especially, velocity ratio parameter and Casson parameter) to know the possibility of similarity solution for the boundary layer stagnation-point flow. It is found that the range of velocity ratio parameter for which similarity solution exists is More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MHD CONVECTIVE BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW TOWARDS A VERTICAL SURFACE IN A POROUS MEDIUM WITH RADIATION, CHEMICAL REACTION AND INTERNAL HEAT GENERATION

    Emmanuel Maurice Arthur*, Timothy Ayando, Yakubu Ibrahim Seini

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.6, pp. 1-10, 2015, DOI:10.5098/hmt.6.21

    Abstract The combined effects of chemical reaction and viscous dissipation on hydromagnetic mixed convective flow towards a vertical plate embedded in a highly porous medium with radiation and internal heat generation has been examined. The governing boundary layer equations have been transformed to a two-point boundary value problem using a local similarity approach and solved numerically using the Newton Raphson shooting method alongside the Fourth-order Runge - Kutta algorithm. The effects of various embedded parameters on fluid velocity, temperature and concentration have been presented graphically whilst the skin friction coefficient and the rates of heat and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ENTROPY GENERATION IN BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW OF A MICRO POLAR FLUID OVER A STRETCHING SHEET EMBEDDED IN A HIGHLY ABSORBING MEDIUM

    M. Y. Abdollahzadeh Jamalabadi*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.6, pp. 1-13, 2015, DOI:10.5098/hmt.6.7

    Abstract An analytical study of entropy generation in steady boundary layer flow, heat and mass transfer characteristic of 2D convective flow of a micro polar fluid over a stretching sheet embedded through a highly absorbing medium is performed. The governing equations are continuity, momentum boundary layer, micro rotation, and energy takes into account of Rosseland approximation for thermal radiation sources are solved analytically. The governing system of partial differential equations is first transformed into a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations using similarity transformation. The transformed equations are non-linear coupled differential equations which are then linearized More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MIXED CONVECTION BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW OVER A VERTICALLY STRETCHING SHEET WITH CONVECTIVE BOUNDARY CONDITION AND EFFECT OF PARTIAL SLIP

    Mitiku Daba*, P. Devaraj, S. V. Subhashini

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.6, pp. 1-6, 2015, DOI:10.5098/hmt.6.3

    Abstract In the present study, we investigated a problem of steady laminar mixed convection flow over a vertically stretching sheet with partial slip under convective surface boundary condition. The governing partial differential equations of the boundary layer flow are reduced into a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations using a suitable similarity transformations. The system of non linear ordinary differential equations are solved by the Keller box method. Velocity, temperature and heat transfer rate are analyzed by considering the important parameters: Prandtl number Pr, convective parameter ε, slip parameter K and mixed convection parameter λ on the More >

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