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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

    Samar M. Alqhtani1, Toufique A. Soomro2,*, Faisal Bin Ubaid3, Ahmed Ali4, Muhammad Irfan5, Abdullah A. Asiri6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1539-1562, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.051475

    Abstract Cancer-related to the nervous system and brain tumors is a leading cause of mortality in various countries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are utilized to capture brain images. MRI plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of brain tumors and the examination of other brain disorders. Typically, manual assessment of MRI images by radiologists or experts is performed to identify brain tumors and abnormalities in the early stages for timely intervention. However, early diagnosis of brain tumors is intricate, necessitating the use of computerized methods. This research introduces an innovative approach for… More > Graphic Abstract

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

  • Open Access

    CORRECTION

    Correction: An Effective Diagnosis System for Brain Tumor Detection and Classification

    Ahmed A. Alsheikhy1, Ahmad S. Azzahrani1, A. Khuzaim Alzahrani2, Tawfeeq Shawly3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 853-853, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.051630

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transformation of MRI Images to Three-Level Color Spaces for Brain Tumor Classification Using Deep-Net

    Fadl Dahan*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 381-395, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.047921

    Abstract In the domain of medical imaging, the accurate detection and classification of brain tumors is very important. This study introduces an advanced method for identifying camouflaged brain tumors within images. Our proposed model consists of three steps: Feature extraction, feature fusion, and then classification. The core of this model revolves around a feature extraction framework that combines color-transformed images with deep learning techniques, using the ResNet50 Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architecture. So the focus is to extract robust feature from MRI images, particularly emphasizing weighted average features extracted from the first convolutional layer renowned for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    L-Smooth SVM with Distributed Adaptive Proximal Stochastic Gradient Descent with Momentum for Fast Brain Tumor Detection

    Chuandong Qin1,2, Yu Cao1,*, Liqun Meng1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1975-1994, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049228

    Abstract Brain tumors come in various types, each with distinct characteristics and treatment approaches, making manual detection a time-consuming and potentially ambiguous process. Brain tumor detection is a valuable tool for gaining a deeper understanding of tumors and improving treatment outcomes. Machine learning models have become key players in automating brain tumor detection. Gradient descent methods are the mainstream algorithms for solving machine learning models. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed proximal stochastic gradient descent approach to solve the L-Smooth Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier for brain tumor detection. Firstly, the smooth hinge loss is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Machine Learning Based Brain Tumor Segmentation through Multi-Layer Hybrid U-Net with CNN Feature Integration

    Sharaf J. Malebary*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1301-1317, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047917

    Abstract Brain tumors are a pressing public health concern, characterized by their high mortality and morbidity rates. Nevertheless, the manual segmentation of brain tumors remains a laborious and error-prone task, necessitating the development of more precise and efficient methodologies. To address this formidable challenge, we propose an advanced approach for segmenting brain tumor Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images that harnesses the formidable capabilities of deep learning and convolutional neural networks (CNNs). While CNN-based methods have displayed promise in the realm of brain tumor segmentation, the intricate nature of these tumors, marked by irregular shapes, varying sizes,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Targeting brain tumors with innovative nanocarriers: bridging the gap through the blood-brain barrier

    KARAN WADHWA1, PAYAL CHAUHAN1, SHOBHIT KUMAR2, RAKESH PAHWA3,*, RAVINDER VERMA4, RAJAT GOYAL5, GOVIND SINGH1, ARCHANA SHARMA6, NEHA RAO3, DEEPAK KAUSHIK1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.5, pp. 877-897, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2024.047278

    Abstract Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is recognized as the most lethal and most highly invasive tumor. The high likelihood of treatment failure arises from the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and stem cells around GBM, which avert the entry of chemotherapeutic drugs into the tumor mass. Objective: Recently, several researchers have designed novel nanocarrier systems like liposomes, dendrimers, metallic nanoparticles, nanodiamonds, and nanorobot approaches, allowing drugs to infiltrate the BBB more efficiently, opening up innovative avenues to prevail over therapy problems and radiation therapy. Methods: Relevant literature for this manuscript has been collected from a comprehensive More > Graphic Abstract

    Targeting brain tumors with innovative nanocarriers: bridging the gap through the blood-brain barrier

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Extended Deep Learning Algorithm for Improved Brain Tumor Diagnosis System

    M. Adimoolam1, K. Maithili2, N. M. Balamurugan3, R. Rajkumar4, S. Leelavathy5, Raju Kannadasan6, Mohd Anul Haq7,*, Ilyas Khan8, ElSayed M. Tag El Din9, Arfat Ahmad Khan10

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 33-55, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.039009

    Abstract At present, the prediction of brain tumors is performed using Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) algorithms. Although various ML and DL algorithms are adapted to predict brain tumors to some range, some concerns still need enhancement, particularly accuracy, sensitivity, false positive and false negative, to improve the brain tumor prediction system symmetrically. Therefore, this work proposed an Extended Deep Learning Algorithm (EDLA) to measure performance parameters such as accuracy, sensitivity, and false positive and false negative rates. In addition, these iterated measures were analyzed by comparing the EDLA method with the Convolutional Neural… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Level Parallel Network for Brain Tumor Segmentation

    Juhong Tie, Hui Peng*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 741-757, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043353

    Abstract Accurate automatic segmentation of gliomas in various sub-regions, including peritumoral edema, necrotic core, and enhancing and non-enhancing tumor core from 3D multimodal MRI images, is challenging because of its highly heterogeneous appearance and shape. Deep convolution neural networks (CNNs) have recently improved glioma segmentation performance. However, extensive down-sampling such as pooling or stridden convolution in CNNs significantly decreases the initial image resolution, resulting in the loss of accurate spatial and object parts information, especially information on the small sub-region tumors, affecting segmentation performance. Hence, this paper proposes a novel multi-level parallel network comprising three different… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Advancing Brain Tumor Analysis through Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis

    S. Kannan1,*, S. Anusuya2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3835-3851, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042465

    Abstract Gliomas, the most prevalent primary brain tumors, require accurate segmentation for diagnosis and risk assessment. In this paper, we develop a novel deep learning-based method, the Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis (DHA-ISSP) model. The DHA-ISSP model combines a three-band 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) U-Net architecture with dynamic hierarchical attention mechanisms, enabling precise tumor segmentation and survival prediction. The DHA-ISSP model captures fine-grained details and contextual information by leveraging attention mechanisms at multiple levels, enhancing segmentation accuracy. By achieving remarkable results, our approach surpasses 369 competing teams in the 2020 Multimodal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Enhanced Brain Tumor Prediction via Entropy-Coded BPSO in CIELAB Color Space

    Mudassir Khalil1, Muhammad Imran Sharif2,*, Ahmed Naeem3, Muhammad Umar Chaudhry1, Hafiz Tayyab Rauf4,*, Adham E. Ragab5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2031-2047, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043687

    Abstract Early detection of brain tumors is critical for effective treatment planning. Identifying tumors in their nascent stages can significantly enhance the chances of patient survival. While there are various types of brain tumors, each with unique characteristics and treatment protocols, tumors are often minuscule during their initial stages, making manual diagnosis challenging, time-consuming, and potentially ambiguous. Current techniques predominantly used in hospitals involve manual detection via MRI scans, which can be costly, error-prone, and time-intensive. An automated system for detecting brain tumors could be pivotal in identifying the disease in its earliest phases. This research… More >

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