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  • Open Access


    Fragility Assessment of Pre-Northridge Steel Moment Frames Using Finite-Length Plastic Hinge Elements and Concentrated Plasticity Fracture Elements

    Filipe L. A. Ribeiro1,*, Andre R. Barbosa2, Luis C. Neves3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 657-676, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2019.06296

    Abstract Although pre-Northridge earthquake steel moment resisting frame buildings have been shown to be susceptible to brittle connection failures, they still represent a large fraction of the existing steel buildings in the United States of America. In this study, the performance of the 3- and 9-story Los Angeles pre-Northridge SAC buildings are analyzed considering ductile and brittle beam-column connection failures, and their uncertainty. This paper contributes to understanding the influence of uncertainty associated with connections brittle fracture on building interstory deformation capacity and its impact on bias and variability of fragility functions and loss assessment. The results show that considering brittle… More >

  • Open Access


    Brittle Fracture and Hydroelastic Simulations based on Moving Particle Simulation

    R.A. Amaro Junior1, L.Y. Cheng1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.95, No.2, pp. 87-118, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.095.087

    Abstract In this paper simulations of brittle fracture and hydroelastic problems are carried out by using a numerical approach based on the Moving Particle Simulation (MPS) method. It is a meshless method used to model both fluid and elastic solid, and all the computational domain is discretized in Lagrangian particles. A higher order accuracy gradient operator is used herein by adopting a correction matrix. Also, in order to correctly simulate the collision of the fragments, a contact detection algorithm that takes into account the presence of the solid surfaces generated by brittle fracture is proposed. In case of fluid-structure interaction, a… More >

  • Open Access


    Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Crack Propagation in Polycrystalline Material

    K. Nishimura1, N. Miyazaki2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 143-154, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.143

    Abstract In this paper, we present a classical molecular dynamics algorithm and its implementation on Cray C90 and Fujitsu VPP700. The characters of this algorithm consist in a grid based on the block division of the atomic system and a neighbor list based on the use of a short range potential. The computer program is used for large scale simulations on a Cray C90 and a 32-node VPP700, and measurements of computational performance are reported. Then, we examine the interaction between a crack propagating and a tilt grain boundary under uniaxial tension using this computer program. The Johnson potential for α-Fe… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Stress Singularities on Scaling of Fracture of Metal-Composite Hybrid Structures

    Jia-Liang Le1, Bing Xue1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 251-264, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.034.251

    Abstract It has been recently shown that the nominal structural strength of metal-composite structures depends on the structure size, and such dependence is strongly influenced by the stress singularities. Nevertheless, previous studies only focused on structures that exhibit very strong stress singularities, which are close to the crack-like stress singularity. In the actual engineering designs, due to the mismatch of material properties and complex structural geometries, many metalcomposite structures may contain stress singularities that are much weaker than the crack-like stress singularity. This paper presents a numerical study on the size dependence of scaling of fracture of metal-composite hybrid structures for… More >

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