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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilevel Attention Unet Segmentation Algorithm for Lung Cancer Based on CT Images

    Huan Wang1, Shi Qiu1,2,*, Benyue Zhang1, Lixuan Xiao3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1569-1589, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046821

    Abstract Lung cancer is a malady of the lungs that gravely jeopardizes human health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount for the preservation of human life. Lung computed tomography (CT) image sequences can explicitly delineate the pathological condition of the lungs. To meet the imperative for accurate diagnosis by physicians, expeditious segmentation of the region harboring lung cancer is of utmost significance. We utilize computer-aided methods to emulate the diagnostic process in which physicians concentrate on lung cancer in a sequential manner, erect an interpretable model, and attain segmentation of lung cancer. The specific advancements can be encapsulated as follows:… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Using MsfNet to Predict the ISUP Grade of Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma in Digital Pathology Images

    Kun Yang1,2,3, Shilong Chang1, Yucheng Wang1, Minghui Wang1, Jiahui Yang1, Shuang Liu1,2,3, Kun Liu1,2,3, Linyan Xue1,2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 393-410, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044994

    Abstract Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) represents the most frequent form of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and accurate International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading is crucial for prognosis and treatment selection. This study presents a new deep network called Multi-scale Fusion Network (MsfNet), which aims to enhance the automatic ISUP grade of ccRCC with digital histopathology pathology images. The MsfNet overcomes the limitations of traditional ResNet50 by multi-scale information fusion and dynamic allocation of channel quantity. The model was trained and tested using 90 Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stained whole slide images (WSIs), which were all cropped into 320… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Object Segmentation and Recognition Using Multi-Layer Perceptron Networks

    Aysha Naseer1, Nouf Abdullah Almujally2, Saud S. Alotaibi3, Abdulwahab Alazeb4, Jeongmin Park5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1381-1398, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042963

    Abstract Object segmentation and recognition is an imperative area of computer vision and machine learning that identifies and separates individual objects within an image or video and determines classes or categories based on their features. The proposed system presents a distinctive approach to object segmentation and recognition using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The system takes RGB images as input and uses a k-means clustering-based segmentation technique to fragment the intended parts of the images into different regions and label them based on their characteristics. Then, two distinct kinds of features are obtained from the segmented images to help identify the objects… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Approach for Hand Gesture Recognition: Applications in Deaf Communication and Healthcare

    Khursheed Aurangzeb1, Khalid Javeed2, Musaed Alhussein1, Imad Rida3, Syed Irtaza Haider1, Anubha Parashar4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 127-144, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042886

    Abstract Hand gestures have been used as a significant mode of communication since the advent of human civilization. By facilitating human-computer interaction (HCI), hand gesture recognition (HGRoc) technology is crucial for seamless and error-free HCI. HGRoc technology is pivotal in healthcare and communication for the deaf community. Despite significant advancements in computer vision-based gesture recognition for language understanding, two considerable challenges persist in this field: (a) limited and common gestures are considered, (b) processing multiple channels of information across a network takes huge computational time during discriminative feature extraction. Therefore, a novel hand vision-based convolutional neural network (CNN) model named (HVCNNM)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Early Detection of Colletotrichum Kahawae Disease in Coffee Cherry Based on Computer Vision Techniques

    Raveena Selvanarayanan1, Surendran Rajendran1,*, Youseef Alotaibi2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 759-782, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044084

    Abstract Colletotrichum kahawae (Coffee Berry Disease) spreads through spores that can be carried by wind, rain, and insects affecting coffee plantations, and causes 80% yield losses and poor-quality coffee beans. The deadly disease is hard to control because wind, rain, and insects carry spores. Colombian researchers utilized a deep learning system to identify CBD in coffee cherries at three growth stages and classify photographs of infected and uninfected cherries with 93% accuracy using a random forest method. If the dataset is too small and noisy, the algorithm may not learn data patterns and generate accurate predictions. To overcome the existing challenge,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Exploring Deep Learning Methods for Computer Vision Applications across Multiple Sectors: Challenges and Future Trends

    Narayanan Ganesh1, Rajendran Shankar2, Miroslav Mahdal3, Janakiraman Senthil Murugan4, Jasgurpreet Singh Chohan5, Kanak Kalita6,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 103-141, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028018

    Abstract Computer vision (CV) was developed for computers and other systems to act or make recommendations based on visual inputs, such as digital photos, movies, and other media. Deep learning (DL) methods are more successful than other traditional machine learning (ML) methods in CV. DL techniques can produce state-of-the-art results for difficult CV problems like picture categorization, object detection, and face recognition. In this review, a structured discussion on the history, methods, and applications of DL methods to CV problems is presented. The sector-wise presentation of applications in this paper may be particularly useful for researchers in niche fields who have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Deep Learning for Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Lung Diseases: An Automated Method Combining Evolutionary Algorithm, Transfer Learning, and Model Compression

    Hassen Louati1,2, Ali Louati3,*, Elham Kariri3, Slim Bechikh2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2519-2547, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030806

    Abstract Recent developments in Computer Vision have presented novel opportunities to tackle complex healthcare issues, particularly in the field of lung disease diagnosis. One promising avenue involves the use of chest X-Rays, which are commonly utilized in radiology. To fully exploit their potential, researchers have suggested utilizing deep learning methods to construct computer-aided diagnostic systems. However, constructing and compressing these systems presents a significant challenge, as it relies heavily on the expertise of data scientists. To tackle this issue, we propose an automated approach that utilizes an evolutionary algorithm (EA) to optimize the design and compression of a convolutional neural network… More >

  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Introduction to the Special Issue on Computer Modeling for Smart Cities Applications

    Wenbing Zhao1,*, Chenxi Huang2, Yizhang Jiang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1015-1017, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031566

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Two-Way Neural Network Performance Prediction Model Based on Knowledge Evolution and Individual Similarity

    Xinzheng Wang1,2,*, Bing Guo1, Yan Shen3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1183-1206, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029552

    Abstract Predicting students’ academic achievements is an essential issue in education, which can benefit many stakeholders, for instance, students, teachers, managers, etc. Compared with online courses such as MOOCs, students’ academic-related data in the face-to-face physical teaching environment is usually sparsity, and the sample size is relatively small. It makes building models to predict students’ performance accurately in such an environment even more challenging. This paper proposes a Two-Way Neural Network (TWNN) model based on the bidirectional recurrent neural network and graph neural network to predict students’ next semester’s course performance using only their previous course achievements. Extensive experiments on a… More > Graphic Abstract

    Two-Way Neural Network Performance Prediction Model Based on Knowledge Evolution and Individual Similarity

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fast and Accurate Detection of Masked Faces Using CNNs and LBPs

    Sarah M. Alhammad1, Doaa Sami Khafaga1,*, Aya Y. Hamed2, Osama El-Koumy3, Ehab R. Mohamed3, Khalid M. Hosny3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2939-2952, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041011

    Abstract Face mask detection has several applications, including real-time surveillance, biometrics, etc. Identifying face masks is also helpful for crowd control and ensuring people wear them publicly. With monitoring personnel, it is impossible to ensure that people wear face masks; automated systems are a much superior option for face mask detection and monitoring. This paper introduces a simple and efficient approach for masked face detection. The architecture of the proposed approach is very straightforward; it combines deep learning and local binary patterns to extract features and classify them as masked or unmasked. The proposed system requires hardware with minimal power consumption… More >

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