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  • Open Access


    Optimized Deep Learning Approach for Efficient Diabetic Retinopathy Classification Combining VGG16-CNN

    Heba M. El-Hoseny1,*, Heba F. Elsepae2, Wael A. Mohamed2, Ayman S. Selmy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1855-1872, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042107

    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy is a critical eye condition that, if not treated, can lead to vision loss. Traditional methods of diagnosing and treating the disease are time-consuming and expensive. However, machine learning and deep transfer learning (DTL) techniques have shown promise in medical applications, including detecting, classifying, and segmenting diabetic retinopathy. These advanced techniques offer higher accuracy and performance. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) is crucial in speeding up classification and providing accurate disease diagnoses. Overall, these technological advancements hold great potential for improving the management of diabetic retinopathy. The study’s objective was to differentiate between different classes of diabetes and verify the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Mathematical Approach for Generating a Highly Non-Linear Substitution Box Using Quadratic Fractional Transformation

    Abid Mahboob1, Muhammad Asif2, Rana Muhammad Zulqarnain3,*, Imran Saddique4, Hijaz Ahmad5, Sameh Askar6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2565-2578, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040371

    Abstract Nowadays, one of the most important difficulties is the protection and privacy of confidential data. To address these problems, numerous organizations rely on the use of cryptographic techniques to secure data from illegal activities and assaults. Modern cryptographic ciphers use the non-linear component of block cipher to ensure the robust encryption process and lawful decoding of plain data during the decryption phase. For the designing of a secure substitution box (S-box), non-linearity (NL) which is an algebraic property of the S-box has great importance. Consequently, the main focus of cryptographers is to achieve the S-box with a high value of… More >

  • Open Access


    Ensuring User Privacy and Model Security via Machine Unlearning: A Review

    Yonghao Tang1, Zhiping Cai1,*, Qiang Liu1, Tongqing Zhou1, Qiang Ni2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2645-2656, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032307

    Abstract As an emerging discipline, machine learning has been widely used in artificial intelligence, education, meteorology and other fields. In the training of machine learning models, trainers need to use a large amount of practical data, which inevitably involves user privacy. Besides, by polluting the training data, a malicious adversary can poison the model, thus compromising model security. The data provider hopes that the model trainer can prove to them the confidentiality of the model. Trainer will be required to withdraw data when the trust collapses. In the meantime, trainers hope to forget the injected data to regain security when finding… More >

  • Open Access


    Towards Cache-Assisted Hierarchical Detection for Real-Time Health Data Monitoring in IoHT

    Muhammad Tahir1,2,*, Mingchu Li1,2, Irfan Khan1,2, Salman A. Al Qahtani3, Rubia Fatima4, Javed Ali Khan5, Muhammad Shahid Anwar6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2529-2544, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042403

    Abstract Real-time health data monitoring is pivotal for bolstering road services’ safety, intelligence, and efficiency within the Internet of Health Things (IoHT) framework. Yet, delays in data retrieval can markedly hinder the efficacy of big data awareness detection systems. We advocate for a collaborative caching approach involving edge devices and cloud networks to combat this. This strategy is devised to streamline the data retrieval path, subsequently diminishing network strain. Crafting an adept cache processing scheme poses its own set of challenges, especially given the transient nature of monitoring data and the imperative for swift data transmission, intertwined with resource allocation tactics.… More >

  • Open Access


    A Machine Learning-Based Attack Detection and Prevention System in Vehicular Named Data Networking

    Arif Hussain Magsi1,*, Ali Ghulam2, Saifullah Memon1, Khalid Javeed3, Musaed Alhussein4, Imad Rida5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1445-1465, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040290

    Abstract Named Data Networking (NDN) is gaining a significant attention in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) due to its in-network content caching, name-based routing, and mobility-supporting characteristics. Nevertheless, existing NDN faces three significant challenges, including security, privacy, and routing. In particular, security attacks, such as Content Poisoning Attacks (CPA), can jeopardize legitimate vehicles with malicious content. For instance, attacker host vehicles can serve consumers with invalid information, which has dire consequences, including road accidents. In such a situation, trust in the content-providing vehicles brings a new challenge. On the other hand, ensuring privacy and preventing unauthorized access in vehicular (VNDN) is another… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Analysis of Network Parameters for Secure Implementations of SDN-Based Firewall

    Rizwan Iqbal1,*, Rashid Hussain2, Sheeraz Arif3, Nadia Mustaqim Ansari4, Tayyab Ahmed Shaikh2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1575-1598, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042432

    Abstract Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a new network technology that uses programming to complement the data plane with a control plane. To enable safe connection, however, numerous security challenges must be addressed. Flooding attacks have been one of the most prominent risks on the internet for decades, and they are now becoming challenging difficulties in SDN networks. To solve these challenges, we proposed a unique firewall application built on multiple levels of packet filtering to provide a flooding attack prevention system and a layer-based packet detection system. This study offers a systematic strategy for wrapping up the examination of SDN operations.… More >

  • Open Access


    Knowledge-Based Efficient N-1 Analysis Calculation Method for Urban Distribution Networks with CIM File Data

    Lingyu Liang1, Xiangyu Zhao1,*, Wenqi Huang1, Liming Sun2,3, Ziyao Wang3, Yaosen Zhan2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2839-2856, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042042

    Abstract The N-1 criterion is a critical factor for ensuring the reliable and resilient operation of electric power distribution networks. However, the increasing complexity of distribution networks and the associated growth in data size have created a significant challenge for distribution network planners. To address this issue, we propose a fast N-1 verification procedure for urban distribution networks that combines CIM file data analysis with MILP-based mathematical modeling. Our proposed method leverages the principles of CIM file analysis for distribution network N-1 analysis. We develop a mathematical model of distribution networks based on CIM data and transfer it into MILP. We… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Tourism Demand Difference Based on Data Mining and Intelligent Analysis

    Peng Cheng1,2,*

    Journal on Big Data, Vol.5, pp. 69-84, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jbd.2023.046294

    Abstract To serve as a reference for future foreign tourism study, relevant tourist sectors have done in-depth investigations on foreign tourism both domestically and internationally. A study of outbound tourism activities from the viewpoint of tourists can examine its development law and create successful marketing tactics based on the rise in the number of foreign tourists. Based on this, this study suggests a data mining technique to examine the variations in travel needs and marketing tactics among various consumer groups. The combined example analysis demonstrates how logical and useful our data mining analysis is. Our data tests demonstrate that the tourism… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Electric Energy Metering Data Sharing Method in Smart Grid Based on Blockchain

    Shaocheng Wu1, Honghao Liang1, Xiaowei Chen1, Tao Liu1, Junpeng Ru2,3, Qianhong Gong2,3, Jin Li2,3,*

    Journal on Big Data, Vol.5, pp. 57-67, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jbd.2023.044257

    Abstract Enabling data sharing among smart grid power suppliers is a pressing challenge due to technical hurdles in verifying, storing, and synchronizing energy metering data. Access and sharing limitations are stringent for users, power companies, and researchers, demanding significant resources and time for permissions and verification. This paper proposes a blockchain-based architecture for secure and efficient sharing of electric energy metering data. Further, we propose a data sharing model based on evolutionary game theory. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, the model’s evolutionary stable strategy (ESS) is analyzed. Numerical results verify the correctness and practicability of the scheme proposed in this… More >

  • Open Access


    A Differential Privacy Federated Learning Scheme Based on Adaptive Gaussian Noise

    Sanxiu Jiao1, Lecai Cai2,*, Xinjie Wang1, Kui Cheng2, Xiang Gao3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1679-1694, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030512

    Abstract As a distributed machine learning method, federated learning (FL) has the advantage of naturally protecting data privacy. It keeps data locally and trains local models through local data to protect the privacy of local data. The federated learning method effectively solves the problem of artificial Smart data islands and privacy protection issues. However, existing research shows that attackers may still steal user information by analyzing the parameters in the federated learning training process and the aggregation parameters on the server side. To solve this problem, differential privacy (DP) techniques are widely used for privacy protection in federated learning. However, adding… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Differential Privacy Federated Learning Scheme Based on Adaptive Gaussian Noise

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