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  • Open Access


    Deep Learning ResNet101 Deep Features of Portable Chest X-Ray Accurately Classify COVID-19 Lung Infection

    Sobia Nawaz1, Sidra Rasheed2, Wania Sami3, Lal Hussain4,5,*, Amjad Aldweesh6,*, Elsayed Tag eldin7, Umair Ahmad Salaria8,9, Mohammad Shahbaz Khan10

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5213-5228, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037543

    Abstract This study is designed to develop Artificial Intelligence (AI) based analysis tool that could accurately detect COVID-19 lung infections based on portable chest x-rays (CXRs). The frontline physicians and radiologists suffer from grand challenges for COVID-19 pandemic due to the suboptimal image quality and the large volume of CXRs. In this study, AI-based analysis tools were developed that can precisely classify COVID-19 lung infection. Publicly available datasets of COVID-19 (N = 1525), non-COVID-19 normal (N = 1525), viral pneumonia (N = 1342) and bacterial pneumonia (N = 2521) from the Italian Society of Medical and Interventional Radiology (SIRM), Radiopaedia, The… More >

  • Open Access


    Early Skin Disease Identification Using eep Neural Network

    Vinay Gautam1, Naresh Kumar Trivedi1, Abhineet Anand1, Rajeev Tiwari2,*, Atef Zaguia3, Deepika Koundal4, Sachin Jain5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 2259-2275, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026358

    Abstract Skin lesions detection and classification is a prominent issue and difficult even for extremely skilled dermatologists and pathologists. Skin disease is the most common disorder triggered by fungus, viruses, bacteria, allergies, etc. Skin diseases are most dangerous and may be the cause of serious damage. Therefore, it requires to diagnose it at an earlier stage, but the diagnosis therapy itself is complex and needs advanced laser and photonic therapy. This advance therapy involves financial burden and some other ill effects. Therefore, it must use artificial intelligence techniques to detect and diagnose it accurately at an earlier stage. Several techniques have… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Convolutional Neural Network and Long Short-Term Memory Approach for Facial Expression Recognition

    M. N. Kavitha1,*, A. RajivKannan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 689-704, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.025437

    Abstract Facial Expression Recognition (FER) has been an important field of research for several decades. Extraction of emotional characteristics is crucial to FERs, but is complex to process as they have significant intra-class variances. Facial characteristics have not been completely explored in static pictures. Previous studies used Convolution Neural Networks (CNNs) based on transfer learning and hyperparameter optimizations for static facial emotional recognitions. Particle Swarm Optimizations (PSOs) have also been used for tuning hyperparameters. However, these methods achieve about 92 percent in terms of accuracy. The existing algorithms have issues with FER accuracy and precision. Hence, the overall FER performance is… More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep Learning-Based Continuous Blood Pressure Measurement by Dual Photoplethysmography Signals

    Chih-Ta Yen1,*, Sheng-Nan Chang2, Liao Jia-Xian3, Yi-Kai Huang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 2937-2952, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020493

    Abstract This study proposed a measurement platform for continuous blood pressure estimation based on dual photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors and a deep learning (DL) that can be used for continuous and rapid measurement of blood pressure and analysis of cardiovascular-related indicators. The proposed platform measured the signal changes in PPG and converted them into physiological indicators, such as pulse transit time (PTT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), perfusion index (PI) and heart rate (HR); these indicators were then fed into the DL to calculate blood pressure. The hardware of the experiment comprised 2 PPG components (i.e., Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and analog-to-digital… More >

  • Open Access


    Prediction Model for Coronavirus Pandemic Using Deep Learning

    Mamoona Humayun1,*, Ahmed Alsayat2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.3, pp. 947-961, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.019288

    Abstract The recent global outbreak of COVID-19 damaged the world health systems, human health, economy, and daily life badly. None of the countries was ready to face this emerging health challenge. Health professionals were not able to predict its rise and next move, as well as the future curve and impact on lives in case of a similar pandemic situation happened. This created huge chaos globally, for longer and the world is still struggling to come up with any suitable solution. Here the better use of advanced technologies, such as artificial intelligence and deep learning, may aid healthcare practitioners in making… More >

  • Open Access


    Cryptographic Based Secure Model on Dataset for Deep Learning Algorithms

    Muhammad Tayyab1,*, Mohsen Marjani1, N. Z. Jhanjhi1, Ibrahim Abaker Targio Hashim2, Abdulwahab Ali Almazroi3, Abdulaleem Ali Almazroi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 1183-1200, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017199

    Abstract Deep learning (DL) algorithms have been widely used in various security applications to enhance the performances of decision-based models. Malicious data added by an attacker can cause several security and privacy problems in the operation of DL models. The two most common active attacks are poisoning and evasion attacks, which can cause various problems, including wrong prediction and misclassification of decision-based models. Therefore, to design an efficient DL model, it is crucial to mitigate these attacks. In this regard, this study proposes a secure neural network (NN) model that provides data security during model training and testing phases. The main… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hierarchy Distributed-Agents Model for Network Risk Evaluation Based on Deep Learning

    Jin Yang1, Tao Li1, Gang Liang1,*, Wenbo He2, Yue Zhao3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.120, No.1, pp. 1-23, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2019.04727

    Abstract Deep Learning presents a critical capability to be geared into environments being constantly changed and ongoing learning dynamic, which is especially relevant in Network Intrusion Detection. In this paper, as enlightened by the theory of Deep Learning Neural Networks, Hierarchy Distributed-Agents Model for Network Risk Evaluation, a newly developed model, is proposed. The architecture taken on by the distributed-agents model are given, as well as the approach of analyzing network intrusion detection using Deep Learning, the mechanism of sharing hyper-parameters to improve the efficiency of learning is presented, and the hierarchical evaluative framework for Network Risk Evaluation of the proposed… More >

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