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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unexpected Diversity in Ecosystem Nutrient Responses to Experimental Drought in Temperate Grasslands

    Biying Qiu1,2, Niwu Te2, Lin Song2, Yuan Shi2, Chuan Qiu2, Xiaoan Zuo3, Qiang Yu4, Jianqiang Qian5, Zhengwen Wang2, Honghui Wu6,7, Wentao Luo2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 831-841, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047560

    Abstract The responses of ecosystem nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) to drought are an important component of global change studies. However, previous studies were more often based on site-specific experiments, introducing a significant uncertainty to synthesis and site comparisons. We investigated the responses of vegetation and soil nutrients to drought using a network experiment of temperate grasslands in Northern China. Drought treatment (66% reduction in growing season precipitation) was imposed by erecting rainout shelters, respectively, at the driest, intermediate, and wettest sites. We found that vegetation nutrient concentrations increased but soil nutrient concentrations decreased along the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Polygonum minus Extract in Enhancing Drought Tolerance in Maize by Regulating Osmotic and Antioxidant System

    Mingzhao Han1, Susilawati Kasim1,*, Zhongming Yang2, Xi Deng2, Md Kamal Uddin1, Noor Baity Saidi3, Effyanti Mohd Shuib1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 213-226, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047150

    Abstract Drought stress is a major factor affecting plant growth and crop yield production. Plant extracts as natural biostimulants hold great potential to strengthen plants to overcome drought impacts. To explore the effect of Polygonum minus extract (PME) in enhancing drought tolerance in plants, a study was set up in a glasshouse environment using 10 different treatment combinations. PME foliar application were designed in CRD and effects were closely observed related to the growth, physiology, and antioxidant system changes in maize (Zea mays L.) under well-watered and drought conditions. The seaweed extract (SWE) was used as a comparison.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Involvement of the ABA- and H2O2-Mediated Ascorbate–Glutathione Cycle in the Drought Stress Responses of Wheat Roots

    Mengyuan Li1, Zhongye Gao1,2, Lina Jiang1, Leishan Chen1,2,*, Jianhui Ma1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 329-342, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046976

    Abstract Abscisic acid (ABA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ascorbate (AsA)–glutathione (GSH) cycle are widely known for their participation in various stresses. However, the relationship between ABA and H2O2 levels and the AsA–GSH cycle under drought stress in wheat has not been studied. In this study, a hydroponic experiment was conducted in wheat seedlings subjected to 15% polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000–induced dehydration. Drought stress caused the rapid accumulation of endogenous ABA and H2O2 and significantly decreased the number of root tips compared with the control. The application of ABA significantly increased the number of root tips, whereas the application… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physiological and Transcriptome Analysis Illuminates the Molecular Mechanisms of the Drought Resistance Improved by Alginate Oligosaccharides in Triticum aestivum L.

    Yunhong Zhang1,2,*, Yonghui Yang1,2, Jiawei Mao1,2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 185-212, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046811

    Abstract Alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) enhance drought resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), but the definite mechanisms remain largely unknown. The physiological and transcriptome responses of wheat seedlings treated with AOS were analyzed under drought stress simulated with polyethylene glycol-6000. The results showed that AOS promoted the growth of wheat seedlings and reduced oxidative damage by improving peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities under drought stress. A total of 10,064 and 15,208 differentially expressed unigenes (DEGs) obtained from the AOS treatment and control samples at 24 and 72 h after dehydration, respectively, were mainly enriched in the biosynthesis of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Soil Enzymes and Polysaccharides Secreted by the Roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge under Drought, High Temperature, and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Deficits

    Yong Qin1,2, Xiaoyu Li1,2, Yanhong Wu1,2, Hai Wang3, Guiqi Han1,2,3, Zhuyun Yan1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 119-135, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046075

    Abstract Root exudates serve as crucial mediators for information exchange between plants and soil, and are an important evolutionary mechanism for plants’ adaptation to environmental changes. In this study, 15 different abiotic stress models were established using various stress factors, including drought (D), high temperature (T), nitrogen deficiency (N), phosphorus deficiency (P), and their combinations. We investigated their effects on the seedling growth of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and the activities of Solid-Urease (S-UE), Solid-Nitrite Reductase (S-NiR), Solid-Nitrate Reductase (S-NR), Solid-Phosphotransferase (S-PT), and Solid-Catalase (S-CAT), as well as the contents of polysaccharides in the culture medium. The results… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria as an Eco-Friendly Strategy for Mitigating the Harmful Effects of Abiotic Stress on Plants

    Ahmed Hassan Abdou1,*, Omar Abdullah Alkhateeb2, Hossam Eldin Hamed Mansour3, Hesham S. Ghazzawy4, Muayad Saud Albadrani5, Nadi Awad Al-harbi6, Wasimah B. Al-Shammari7, Khaled Abdelaal8,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3305-3321, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.044780

    Abstract Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) play an important role in improving agricultural production under several abiotic stress factors. PGPB can be used to increase crop growth and development through hormonal balance and increase nutrient uptake. The positive effect of PGPB may be due to its pivotal role in morphophysiological and biochemical characteristics like leaf number, leaf area, and stem length. Furthermore, relative water content, chlorophyll content, carotenoids, antioxidant enzymes, and plant hormones were improved with PGPB treatment. Crop yield and yield components were also increased with PGPB treatment in numerous crops. The anatomical structure of plant… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Drought-Mediated Modulation in Metabolomic Profiling of Leaf, Growth, Ecophysiology and Antioxidants

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem1,2,3,*, Hesham F. Alharby1, M. Irfan Qureshi4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3323-3344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030212

    Abstract

    Abiotic stresses, including drought, have been found to affect the growth and medicinal quality of numerous herbs. The proposed study aims to study the effects of different drought regimes on the metabolic profile, growth, ecophysiology, cellular antioxidants, and antioxidant potential of Nigella sativa (Black cumin) leaf. Forty-day-old seedlings of N. sativa were exposed to three regimes of drought (control, moderate and high) for a week. UPLC-MS/MS metabolic profile of the leaf reveals the presence of more than a hundred metabolites belonging to anthocyanins, chalcones, dihydro flavonoids, flavonoids, flavanols, flavones, flavonoid carbonoside, isoflavones, etc. Drought was found to

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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transcriptomic Responses of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) to Heat and Drought Stresses

    Seung Hee Eom, Tae Kyung Hyun*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 3077-3090, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.044032

    Abstract Heat and drought are prominent abiotic stressors that limit crop productivity and yield, particularly concerning climate change; therefore, understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying plant stress responses is crucial for stress-tolerant crop production. This study conducted a transcriptomic analysis to elucidate how garlic (Allium sativum L.) responds to drought and heat stress conditions. Transcriptome libraries were generated to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) induced by drought and heat stresses. Functional classification and clustering analysis of DEGs revealed stress-specific gene expression patterns. Notably, cell wall-related genes were implicated in the drought response, whereas heat stress was associated with More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Algae on Melon (Cucumis melo subsp. agrestis var. conomon) Growth and Development under Drought-Stress Conditions

    M. Zeki KARİPÇİN1, Behcet İNAL2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 3177-3193, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030979

    Abstract Due to climate change, it is necessary to develop plant varieties that are resilient to climate conditions and resistant to abiotic and biotic stresses. The use of microalgae, which are microorganisms that contain carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and vitamins, against drought tolerance is a new approach. The aim of the current study was to determine the drought-related mechanisms in the conomon melon genotype and develop drought-tolerant melon cultivars. Morphological, physiological, pomological, and molecular analyses were carried out on the algae-treated genotypes. It has been determined that commercial algae application provides the best results in leaf temperature,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Seed Priming and Foliar Supplementation with β-aminobutyric Acid Alleviates Drought Stress through Mitigation of Oxidative Stress and Enhancement of Antioxidant Defense in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)

    Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir1,2, Muhammad Ateeq1,3, Allah Wasaya1,2,*, Mubshar Hussain2, Naeem Sarwar2, Khuram Mubeen4, Mudassir Aziz4, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal5, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga6, Ibrahim Al-Ashkar7, Md Atikur Rahman8, Ayman El Sabagh9,10,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 3113-3131, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029502

    Abstract Drought is one of the critical limitations to agricultural soils and crop plants. Scarcity of water is increasing due to climate change that lead to increasing threats to global food security. Therefore, ecofriendly and cost effective strategies are highly desirable for mitigating drought stress along with sustainable and smart agricultural production. The aim of the study was to mitigate DS using seed priming and exogenous supplementation of β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Different doses (0, 50, 100 and 150 µM) of BABA were used for seed priming agent and foliar spraying under three… More >

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