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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of the Biomechanical Behavior of a 3D Printed Polymer Esophageal Stent in the Esophagus by BP Neural Network Algorithm

    Guilin Wu1,2, Shenghua Huang1, Tingting Liu3, Zhuoni Yang3, Yuesong Wu2, Guihong Wei1, Peng Yu1,*, Qilin Zhang4, Jun Feng4, Bo Zeng5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2709-2725, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031399

    Abstract Esophageal disease is a common disorder of the digestive system that can severely affect the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Esophageal stenting is an effective treatment that has been widely used in clinical practice. However, esophageal stents of different types and parameters have varying adaptability and effectiveness for patients, and they need to be individually selected according to the patient’s specific situation. The purpose of this study was to provide a reference for clinical doctors to choose suitable esophageal stents. We used 3D printing technology to fabricate esophageal stents with different ratios of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)/(Poly-ε-caprolactone) PCL polymer,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development and Application of a Power Law Constitutive Model for Eddy Current Dampers

    Longteng Liang1,2,3, Zhouquan Feng2,4,*, Hongyi Zhang2,4, Zhengqing Chen2,4, Changzhao Qian1,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2403-2419, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031260

    Abstract Eddy current dampers (ECDs) have emerged as highly desirable solutions for vibration control due to their exceptional damping performance and durability. However, the existing constitutive models present challenges to the widespread implementation of ECD technology, and there is limited availability of finite element analysis (FEA) software capable of accurately modeling the behavior of ECDs. This study addresses these issues by developing a new constitutive model that is both easily understandable and user-friendly for FEA software. By utilizing numerical results obtained from electromagnetic FEA, a novel power law constitutive model is proposed to capture the nonlinear behavior of ECDs. The effectiveness… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of Surrounding Rock Deformation and Grouting Reinforcement of Cross-Fault Tunnel under Different Excavation Methods

    Duan Zhu1,2, Zhende Zhu1,2, Cong Zhang1,2,*, Lun Dai1,2, Baotian Wang1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2445-2470, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030847

    Abstract Tunnel construction is susceptible to accidents such as loosening, deformation, collapse, and water inrush, especially under complex geological conditions like dense fault areas. These accidents can cause instability and damage to the tunnel. As a result, it is essential to conduct research on tunnel construction and grouting reinforcement technology in fault fracture zones to address these issues and ensure the safety of tunnel excavation projects. This study utilized the Xianglushan cross-fault tunnel to conduct a comprehensive analysis on the construction, support, and reinforcement of a tunnel crossing a fault fracture zone using the three-dimensional finite element numerical method. The study… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Simulations on Failure Behaviors of Granular Materials with Microstructures Using a Micromechanics-Based Cosserat Elastoplastic Model

    Chenxi Xiu1,2,*, Xihua Chu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2305-2338, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030194

    Abstract This paper presents a micromechanics-based Cosserat continuum model for microstructured granular materials. By utilizing this model, the macroscopic constitutive parameters of granular materials with different microstructures are expressed as sums of microstructural information. The microstructures under consideration can be classified into three categories: a medium-dense microstructure, a dense microstructure consisting of one-sized particles, and a dense microstructure consisting of two-sized particles. Subsequently, the Cosserat elastoplastic model, along with its finite element formulation, is derived using the extended Drucker-Prager yield criteria. To investigate failure behaviors, numerical simulations of granular materials with different microstructures are conducted using the ABAQUS User Element (UEL)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Innovative Finite Element Geometric Modeling of Single-Layer Multi-Bead WAAMed Part

    Xiangman Zhou1,*, Jingping Qin1, Zichuan Fu1, Min Wang1, Youlu Yuan1, Junjian Fu1, Haiou Zhang2, Seyed Reza Elmi Hosseini3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2383-2401, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029249

    Abstract Finite element (FE) coupled thermal-mechanical analysis is widely used to predict the deformation and residual stress of wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) parts. In this study, an innovative single-layer multi-bead profile geometric modeling method through the isosceles trapezoid function is proposed to build the FE model of the WAAM process. Firstly, a straight-line model for overlapping beads based on the parabola function was established to calculate the optimal center distance. Then, the isosceles trapezoid-based profile was employed to replace the parabola profiles of the parabola-based overlapping model to establish an innovative isosceles trapezoid-based multi-bead overlapping geometric model. The rationality of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Bidimensional Finite Element Study of Crack Propagation in Austempered Ductile Iron

    Gustavo von Zeska de França, Roberto Luís de Assumpção, Marco Antonio Luersen*, Carlos Henrique da Silva

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1411-1424, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043811

    Abstract Austempered ductile iron (ADI) is composed of an ausferritic matrix with graphite nodules and has a wide range of applications because of its high mechanical strength, fatigue resistance, and wear resistance compared to other cast irons. The amount and size of the nodules can be controlled by the chemical composition and austenitizing temperature. As the nodules have lower stiffness than the matrix and can act as stress concentrators, they influence crack propagation. However, the crack propagation mechanism in ADI is not yet fully understood. In this study, we describe a numerical investigation of crack propagation in ADIs subjected to cyclic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Method Simulation of Wellbore Stability under Different Operating and Geomechanical Conditions

    Junyan Liu1, Ju Liu1, Yan Wang1, Shuang Liu1, Qiao Wang1, Yihe Du2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 205-218, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030645

    Abstract The variation of the principal stress of formations with the working and geo-mechanical conditions can trigger wellbore instabilities and adversely affect the well completion. A finite element model, based on the theory of poro-elasticity and the Mohr-Coulomb rock damage criterion, is used here to analyze such a risk. The changes in wellbore stability before and after reservoir acidification are simulated for different pressure differences. The results indicate that the risk of wellbore instability grows with an increase in the production-pressure difference regardless of whether acidification is completed or not; the same is true for the instability area. After acidizing, the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Multilevel Hierarchical Parallel Algorithm for Large-Scale Finite Element Modal Analysis

    Gaoyuan Yu1, Yunfeng Lou2, Hang Dong3, Junjie Li1, Xianlong Jin1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2795-2816, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037375

    Abstract The strict and high-standard requirements for the safety and stability of major engineering systems make it a tough challenge for large-scale finite element modal analysis. At the same time, realizing the systematic analysis of the entire large structure of these engineering systems is extremely meaningful in practice. This article proposes a multilevel hierarchical parallel algorithm for large-scale finite element modal analysis to reduce the parallel computational efficiency loss when using heterogeneous multicore distributed storage computers in solving large-scale finite element modal analysis. Based on two-level partitioning and four-transformation strategies, the proposed algorithm not only improves the memory access rate through… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Flow Field Simulation at Transmission Towers in Loess Hilly Regions Based on Circular Boundary Constraints

    Yongxin Liu1, Huaiwei Cao2, Puyu Zhao2, Gang Yang1, Hua Yu1, Fuwei He3, Bo He2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2417-2431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029596

    Abstract When using high-voltage transmission lines for energy transmission in loess hilly regions, local extreme wind fields such as turbulence and high-speed cyclones occur from time to time, which can cause many kinds of mechanical and electrical failures, seriously affecting the reliable and stable energy transmission of the power grid. The existing research focuses on the wind field simulation of ideal micro-terrain and actual terrain with mostly single micro-terrain characteristics. Model boundary constraints and the influence of constrained boundaries are the main problems that need to be solved to accurately model and simulate complex flow fields. In this paper, a flow… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Multiscale Modelling of Normal Fault Rupture-Soil-Foundation Interaction

    Lifan Chen1,*, Ning Guo1, Zhongxuan Yang1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09709

    Abstract A multiscale approach [1] that couples the finite-element method (FEM) and the discrete-element method (DEM) is employed to model and analyse the earthquake fault rupture-soil-foundation interaction (FR-SFI) problem. In the approach, the soil constitutive responses are obtained from DEM solutions of representative volume elements (RVEs) embedded at the FEM integration points so as to effectively bypass the phenomenological hypotheses in conventional FEM simulations. The fault rupture surfaces and shear localization patterns under normal faults with or without foundation atop have been well captured by the multiscale approach and verified with available centrifuge experimental [2] and numerical results [3]. By examining… More >

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