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  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Flow Field and Impact Force in High-Pressure Water Descaling

    Yue Cui1,*, Liyuan Wang2, Jian Wu1, Haisheng Liu1, Di Wu1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 165-177, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030311

    Abstract This study aims to improve the performances of the high-pressure water descaling technology used in steel hot rolling processes. In particular, a 2050 mm hot rolling line is considered, and the problem is investigated by means of a fluid–structure interaction (FSI) method by which the descaling effect produced by rolling coils with different section sizes is examined. Assuming a flat fan-shaped nozzle at the entrance of the R1R2 roughing mill, the out- flow field characteristics and the velocity distribution curve on the strike line (at a target distance of 30–120 mm) are determined. It is More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanical Analysis of a Multi-Test String in High-Temperature and High-Pressure Deep Wells

    Zubing Tang*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.8, pp. 2161-2170, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.026608

    Abstract The mechanical behavior of the test string in deep wells is generally relatively complex as a result of the high temperature and high pressure, severe dogleg and buckling effects, which in some circumstances can even lead to string failure. Traditional computational methods for the analysis of these behaviors are often inaccurate. For this reason, here a more accurate mechanical model of the test string is introduced by considering variables such as temperature, pressure, wellbore trajectory, and buckling, as well as combining them with the deformation and string constraint conditions brought in by changes in temperature More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Method for the Optimization of Cement Slurry and to Avoid Air Channeling in High Temperature and High-Pressure Conditions

    Yanjun Li1, Wandong Zhang1, Jiang Wu1, Yuhao Yang1, Chao Zhang1, Huanqiang Yang2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1237-1248, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.023147

    Abstract Air channeling in the annulus between the casing and the cement sheath and/or between the cement sheath and formation is the main factor affecting the safe operation of natural gas wells at high temperatures and pressures. Prevention of this problem requires, in general, excellent anti-channeling performances of the cement sheath. Three methods to predict such anti-channeling performances are proposed here, which use the weightless pressure of cement slurry, the permeability of cement stone and the volume expansion rate of cement sheath as input parameters. Guided by this approach, the anti-channeling performances of the cement slurry More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of the Thermoelectric Performances of CoSbS Semiconductors Using the High-Pressure Fabrication Method

    Fang Liu1, Yonghui You2, Min Wang1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1827-1839, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019132

    Abstract CoSbS-based compounds are good thermoelectric materials with low thermal conductivity and good electrical properties, which can effectively be used to improve the efficiency of many thermoelectric conversion processes. In order to improve their properties even more, in this study a series of experiments have been conducted in the frame of the traditional solid-phase synthesis and high-pressure method. It is shown that if the mass fluctuation and stress fluctuation in the considered CoSbS system increase, the scattering probability of phonons is enhanced and the lattice thermal conductivity of the material is reduced. Adding a small amount… More >

  • Open Access


    Thermal Conductivity and Dynamic Viscosity of Highly Mineralized Water

    Dadang Mohamad1,*, Mohammed Abed Jawad2, John William Grimaldo Guerrero3, Tonton Taufik Rachman4, Huynh Tan Hoi5, Albert Kh. Shaikhlislamov6, Mustafa M. Kadhim7, Saif Yaseen Hasan8, A. Surendar9

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 851-866, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019485


    Further development in the field of geothermal energy require reliable reference data on the thermophysical properties of geothermal waters, namely, on the thermal conductivity and viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at temperatures of 293–473 K, pressures Ps = 100 MPa, and concentrations of 0–25 wt.%. Given the lack of data and models, especially for the dynamic viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at a pressure of above 40 MPa, generalized formulas are presented here, by which these gaps can be filled. The article presents a generalized formula for obtaining reliable data on the thermal conductivity of water

    More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of a High-pressure Water-Powder Mixing Prototype for Offshore Platforms

    Shu Zheng1,*, Yang Yaln2, Shuyu Liu3, Mingxuan Xia1,2, Shaojie Li1,2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 537-548, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018500

    Abstract A new device is designed to promote the mixing of high-pressure water jets and powders in typical industrial applications. The water and powder mixing devices traditionally used on offshore platforms are detrimentally affected by the geometrical configuration of the water nozzle and the powder spraying pipe, which are parallel, resulting in small intersecting volumes of liquid and powder. By allowing the related jets to intersect, in the present work the optimal horizontal distance, vertical distance and intersection angle are determined through a parametric investigation. It is also shown that such values change if the number More >

  • Open Access


    Development of a Numerical Toolbox for the Computer Aided Design of Composite Over-Wrapped Pressure Vessels

    Eugenio Brusa1, Matteo Nobile2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 155-190, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.048.155

    Abstract Lightness of high pressure vessels is currently assured by composite materials. Construction of over-wrapped composite pressure vessels with inner metallic liner is for instance compatible with standards requirements of the hydrogen technology of energy storage. Therefore a typical layout manufactured by some industries consists of a cylindrical vessel with covering of carbon-epoxy laminates and metallic impermeable liner. To allow the filament winding of the composite fibres are used hoop and helical layers, respectively. A single nozzle is usually built. It requires that the vessel material is reinforced. This need imposes to have a variable thickness… More >

  • Open Access


    Design, Optimization and CFD Simulation of a Nozzle for Industrial Cleaning Processes based on High-Pressure Water Jets

    Shuce Zhang1, Xueheng Tao1,2,3, Jinshi Lu1,2, Xuejun Wang1,2, ZhenhuaZeng4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 143-155, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.143

    Abstract Three different kinds of nozzles, normally used in industrial processes for the cleaning of material surface by means of water jets at high pressure (a Cylindrical Contracting, a Taper Contracting and Stepped nozzle), are numerically simulated with the express intent to optimize the related efficiency (cleaning effectiveness). Although some of them are found to display interesting properties, simulation results indicate that a helix nozzle displays the best jetting performances. It is shown that, as compared to improvements obtained by simply changing the jetting angle, revolving the fluid released from the helix nozzle can be used More >

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