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Thermal Conductivity and Dynamic Viscosity of Highly Mineralized Water

Dadang Mohamad1,*, Mohammed Abed Jawad2, John William Grimaldo Guerrero3, Tonton Taufik Rachman4, Huynh Tan Hoi5, Albert Kh. Shaikhlislamov6, Mustafa M. Kadhim7, Saif Yaseen Hasan8, A. Surendar9

1 Building Engineering Educatation, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, 45363, Indonesia
2 Al-Nisour University College, Iraq, 10004, Baghdad
3 Departamento de Energía, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla, 080002, Colombia
4 Universitas Masoem, Bandung, 45363, Indonesia
5 Department of Language, FPT University, Hanoi, 700000, Vietnam
6 Kazan Federal University, Russia, Kazan, 420000, Russia
7 Dentistry Department, Kut University College, Kut, Wasit, Iraq, College of Technical Engineering, The Islamic University, Najaf, 54001, Iraq
8 National University of Science and Technology, Dhi-Qar, 64001, Iraq
9 Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, 600056, India

* Corresponding Author: Dadang Mohamad. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(3), 851-866.


Further development in the field of geothermal energy require reliable reference data on the thermophysical properties of geothermal waters, namely, on the thermal conductivity and viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at temperatures of 293–473 K, pressures Ps = 100 MPa, and concentrations of 0–25 wt.%. Given the lack of data and models, especially for the dynamic viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at a pressure of above 40 MPa, generalized formulas are presented here, by which these gaps can be filled. The article presents a generalized formula for obtaining reliable data on the thermal conductivity of water aqueous solutions of salts for Ps = 100 MPa, temperatures of 293–473 K and concentrations of 0%–25% (wt.%), as well as generalized formulas for the dynamic viscosity of water up to pressures of 500 MPa and aqueous solutions of salts for Ps = 100 MPa, temperatures 333–473 K, and concentration 0%–25%. The obtained values agree with the experimental data within 1.6%.


Cite This Article

Mohamad, D., Jawad, M. A., William, J., Rachman, T. T., Hoi, H. T. et al. (2022). Thermal Conductivity and Dynamic Viscosity of Highly Mineralized Water. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(3), 851–866.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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