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  • Open Access


    Lipid Production, Oxidative Status, Antioxidant Enzymes and Photosynthetic Efficiency of Coccomyxa chodatii SAG 216-2 in Response to Calcium Oxide Nanoparticles

    Huwida A. A. Abdel-Kader1, Naeima Yousef1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain2,*, Mona F. A. Dawood1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 1955-1974, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028583

    Abstract The extensive use of nanoparticles (NPs) in diverse applications causes their localization to aquatic habitats, affecting the metabolic products of primary producers in aquatic ecosystems, such as algae. Synthesized calcium oxide nanoparticles (CaO NPs) are of the scarcely studied NPs. Thus, the current work proposed that the exposure to CaO NPs may instigate metabolic pathway to be higher than that of normally growing algae, and positively stimulate algal biomass. In this respect, this research was undertaken to study the exposure effect of CaO NPs (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 µg mL−1 ) on the growth, photosynthesis, respiration, oxidative… More >

  • Open Access


    Nanosilver-Promoted Lateral Root Development in Rice is Mediated through Hydrogen Peroxide

    Yu-Jyun Chen, Xian-Hao Yang, Yun-Yang Chao*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1477-1489, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015719

    Abstract Nanosilver (10−9 m) refers to particles comprising 20–15,000 silver atoms, exhibiting high stability and specific surface area. At present, nanosilver has been used in agricultural cultivation and production. This study examined the effects of nanosilver on growth and development of rice root systems. Study results showed that fresh weight of rice belowground organs and root length both increased significantly by 5% and 25%, respectively, after rice radicles were treated with 2 ppm of nanosilver for three days. However, the H2O2 level reached its peak at 2 days from treatment, but the activities of the antioxidant enzymes CAT, APX, and GR… More >

  • Open Access


    Chromium Differentially Affects Hydrogen Peroxide Distribution in Primary and Adventitious Roots of Arabidopsis thaliana L.

    Aarón Giovanni Munguía-Rodríguez1,2, José López-Bucio1, Gerardo Rangel Sánchez1,2, León Francisco Ruiz-Herrera1, Yazmín Carreón-Abud2, Miguel Martínez-Trujillo2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.1, pp. 35-43, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.07835

    Abstract The post-embryonic growth of the Arabidopsis thaliana root system can be modified by different types of stress, such as sublethal concentrations of metals, which may induce the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, the effects of different concentrations of potassium chromate (KCrO4) on the distribution and relative quantity of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were determined in primary and adventitious roots in A. thaliana HyPer line seedlings. This line has a biosensor that specifically reports H2O2 levels within tissues as fluorescence. Primary root growth was inhibited at 100 μM Cr (VI); in contrast, adventitious root formation was induced over… More >

  • Open Access


    Brief Note : Hydrogen peroxide in micropropagation of Lilium. A comparison with a traditional methodology


    BIOCELL, Vol.30, No.3, pp. 497-500, 2006, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2006.30.497

    Abstract The micropropagation of Lilium longiflorum requires adequate equipment which may not be afforded by small laboratories or producers. In this work we compared traditional methodology with a protocol that included easily available elements to sterilize materials and culture media, together with addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2 ) into the nutrient media as chemical sterilizer. A series of H2O2 concentrations (0.005, 0.010, 0.015 and 0.020% p/v) was used to control contamination during in vitro establishment and subsequent cultivation; the explant organogenic response was also examined and compared to the traditional micropropagation technique. The level of culture contamination was within acceptable limits… More >

  • Open Access


    Superoxide and hydrogen peroxide productions by NO-inhibited complex III

    Darío E. IGLESIAS*, Silvina S. BOMBICINO, Alberto BOVERIS, Laura B. VALDEZ

    BIOCELL, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 27-30, 2016, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2016.40.027

    Abstract Complex III plays a central role in the mitochondrial respiratory chain transferring electrons from ubiquinol to cytochrome c and pumping protons to the intermembrane space, contributing to the protonmotive force. Furthermore, complex III can act as a source of O2 •- in the presence of ubiquinol and antimycin, an expermiental condition in which the oxidation of the cytochrome b hemes is blocked. The O2 •- dismutation catalyzed by superoxide dismutase produces H2O2, a known second messenger in redox signalling. Results from our laboratory have shown that NO, released from GSNO or from SPER -NO or generated by mtNOS, inhibits electron… More >

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