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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures

    AL-Bukhaiti Khalil1, Yanhui Liu1,*, Shichun Zhao1, Daguang Han2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 223-254, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751

    Abstract This study provides a comprehensive analysis of collision and impact problems’ numerical solutions, focusing on geometric, contact, and material nonlinearities, all essential in solving large deformation problems during a collision. The initial discussion revolves around the stress and strain of large deformation during a collision, followed by explanations of the fundamental finite element solution method for addressing such issues. The hourglass mode’s control methods, such as single-point reduced integration and contact-collision algorithms are detailed and implemented within the finite element framework. The paper further investigates the dynamic response and failure modes of Reinforced Concrete (RC) members under asymmetrical impact using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of Network Topologies and Radio Duty Cycle Mechanisms on the RPL Routing Protocol Power Consumption

    Amal Hkiri1,*, Hamzah Faraj2, Omar Ben Bahri2, Mouna Karmani1, Sami Alqurashi2, Mohsen Machhout1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1835-1854, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049207

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) has witnessed a significant surge in adoption, particularly through the utilization of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which comprise small internet-connected devices. These deployments span various environments and offer a multitude of benefits. However, the widespread use of battery-powered devices introduces challenges due to their limited hardware resources and communication capabilities. In response to this, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has developed the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) to address the unique requirements of such networks. Recognizing the critical role of RPL in maintaining high performance, this paper proposes a novel… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Blade Wrap Angle Impact on Centrifugal Pump Performance: Entropy Generation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

    Hayder Kareem Sakran1,2, Mohd Sharizal Abdul Aziz1,*, Chu Yee Khor3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 109-137, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047245

    Abstract The centrifugal pump is a prevalent power equipment widely used in different engineering patterns, and the impeller blade wrap angle significantly impacts its performance. A numerical investigation was conducted to analyze the influence of the blade wrap angle on flow characteristics and energy distribution of a centrifugal pump evaluated as a low specific speed with a value of 69. This study investigates six impeller models that possess varying blade wrap angles (95°, 105°, 115°, 125°, 135°, and 145°) that were created while maintaining the same volute and other geometrical characteristics. The investigation of energy loss was conducted to evaluate the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Blade Wrap Angle Impact on Centrifugal Pump Performance: Entropy Generation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study of the Ballistic Impact Behavior of Protective Multi-Layer Composite Armor

    Dongsheng Jia, Yingjie Xu*, Liangdi Wang, Jihong Zhu, Weihong Zhang

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 171-199, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046703

    Abstract The abalone shell, a composite material whose cross-section is composed of inorganic and organic layers, has high strength and toughness. Inspired by the abalone shell, several multi-layer composite plates with different layer sequences and thicknesses are studied as bullet-proof material in this paper. To investigate the ballistic performance of this multi-layer structure, the complete characterization model and related material parameters of large deformation, failure and fracture of Al2O3 ceramics and Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) are studied. Then, 3D finite element models of the proposed composite plates with different layer sequences and thicknesses impacted by a 12.7 mm armor-piercing incendiary… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Can Physical Activities Suppress Negative Impact of Stress on the Mental Health of Adolescents?

    Tena Velki*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 211-219, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.047950

    Abstract Early adolescence is a crucial developmental phase marked by significant physical, cognitive, and socioemotional changes. While stress is widely recognized as a notable risk factor during this period, not all individuals experiencing stress concurrently manifest compromised mental health. The association between stress and mental health outcomes is influenced by individual differences in characteristics and coping strategies. This study’s purpose was to assess the negative impact of stress on mental health, specifically focusing on symptoms of anxiety, depression, and psychological distress. Additionally, the research investigates whether different levels of physical activity can suppress the negative effects of stress. A total of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Feed Composition in Gas-phase Polymerization on Structure and Properties of In Situ Impact Polypropylene Copolymer

    XIAOYAN LIUa,*, XU CHENa, HONGXING ZHANGb, CHANGJUN ZHANGa, SHIYUAN YANGa, GUANGQUAN LIa

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 121-132, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.02.2

    Abstract In this work, three in situ impact polypropylene copolymer(IPC) samples were prepared through Ziegler-Natta catalyst only changing the feed composition (ethylene to ethylene and propylene molar ratio, C2/C2+C3) in gas-phase polymerization reactor. Polymer (IPC) were characterical by solvent classification, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), successive self-nucleation and annealing (SSA), nuclear magnetic resonance(13C-NMR) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The mechanical properties of IPC samples were tested.The results indicate that with similar ethylene content, the feed composition which determines the content and structure of EPR and EbP component in IPC, further impacts the rubber phase size and distribution in IPC,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact of Different Rates of Nitrogen Supplementation on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Diversity in Goji Berry

    Xiaojie Liang1,2, Wei An2, Yuekun Li2, Yajun Wang2, Xiaoya Qin2, Yanhong Cui1, Shuchai Su1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 467-486, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047628

    Abstract

    Goji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) is substantially dependent on nitrogen fertilizer application, which can significantly enhance fruit yield and Goji berry industrial development in Ningxia, China. This study aimed to analyze the functions of differential nitrogen application rates including low (N1), medium (N2), and high (N3) levels in soil microbial community structure (bacterial and fungal) at 2 diverse soil depths (0–20, 20–40 cm) through high-throughput sequencing technology by targeting 16S RNA gene and ITS1 & ITS2 regions. All the observed physicochemical parameters exhibited significant improvement (p < 0.05) with increased levels of nitrogen and the highest values for most parameters… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact on Mechanical Properties of Surface Treated Coconut Leaf Sheath Fiber/Sic Nano Particles Reinforced Phenol-formaldehyde Polymer Composites

    B. BRAILSON MANSINGH1, K. L. NARASIMHAMU2, K. C. VARAPRASAD3, J. S. BINOJ4,*, A. RADHAKRISHNAN5, ALAMRY ALI6

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.1-2, pp. 71-82, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.6

    Abstract Several agro-wastes are rich in natural fibers and finds scope to be used as reinforcement in composite industry. These natural fibers have some advantages over man-made fibers, including low cost, light weight, renewable nature, high specific strength and modulus, and availability in various forms worldwide. In this paper, the effect of surface modification of leaf sheath coconut fiber (LSF) (an agro-waste) reinforced in phenol formaldehyde matrix composites with silicon carbide (SiC) nano particles as filler material were investigated for its mechanical characteristics. The investigation portrays that coconut LSF (CLSF) modified with potassium permanganate reinforced polymer composite with SiC nano particles… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of Social Support on the Mental Health of Cancer Patients: Evidence from China

    Wanxiu Zhu*

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 69-77, 2024, DOI:10.32604/po.2023.046593

    Abstract Exploring the relationship between social support and the mental health of cancer patients is a vital endeavor for enhancing mental well-being. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between social support and psychological well-being in cancer patients and to provide new empirical evidence for psychological improvement in cancer patients. This research holds significant practical implications for optimizing China’s public health system and strengthening the development of a healthy China. Using data from the 2018 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) database, we empirically examined the influence of social support on the mental health of cancer patients.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Sleeve Grouting Density Detection Based on the Impact Echo Method

    Pu Zhang1, Yingjun Li1, Xinyu Zhu1, Shizhan Xu1, Pinwu Guan1,*, Wei Liu2, Yanwei Guo2, Haibo Wang2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 143-159, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.046986

    Abstract Grouting defects are an inherent challenge in construction practices, exerting a considerable impact on the operational structural integrity of connections. This investigation employed the impact-echo technique for the detection of grouting anomalies within connections, enhancing its precision through the integration of wavelet packet energy principles for damage identification purposes. A series of grouting completeness assessments were meticulously conducted, taking into account variables such as the divergent material properties of the sleeves and the configuration of adjacent reinforcement. The findings revealed that: (i) the energy distribution for the high-strength concrete cohort predominantly occupied the frequency bands 42, 44, 45, and 47,… More >

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