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  • Open Access


    Research on Evacuation Path Planning Based on Improved Sparrow Search Algorithm

    Xiaoge Wei1,2,*, Yuming Zhang1,2, Huaitao Song1,2, Hengjie Qin1,2, Guanjun Zhao3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1295-1316, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045096

    Abstract Reducing casualties and property losses through effective evacuation route planning has been a key focus for researchers in recent years. As part of this effort, an enhanced sparrow search algorithm (MSSA) was proposed. Firstly, the Golden Sine algorithm and a nonlinear weight factor optimization strategy were added in the discoverer position update stage of the SSA algorithm. Secondly, the Cauchy-Gaussian perturbation was applied to the optimal position of the SSA algorithm to improve its ability to jump out of local optima. Finally, the local search mechanism based on the mountain climbing method was incorporated into… More >

  • Open Access


    Heat Transfer Performance Improvement of Twisted Tubes with Different Starts by Combination of Dimples

    Tao Wang1, Zhen Tian1, Chen Gao1, Quanfu Gao1, Kewei Song1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 1-3, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.8880

    Abstract With the rapid development of the economy and the increasing consumption of fossil energy, energysaving becomes imperative [1,2]. Improving the heat transfer efficiency of heat exchangers, which are widely applied in many fields, is important for energy utilization [3,4]. Twisted tube can produce secondary flow, increase turbulence and thin thermal boundary layer, and hence the enhancement of heat transfer [5-9]. However, the mixture of the fluid between the center of the twisted tube and the region around the tube is still not effectively improved. Thus, the heat transfer of the twisted tube can be further… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of Blade Geometry of Savonius Hydrokinetic Turbine Based on Genetic Algorithm

    Jiahao Lu1, Fangfang Zhang1, Weilong Guang1, Yanzhao Wu1, Ran Tao1,2,*, Xiaoqin Li1,2, Ruofu Xiao1,2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2819-2837, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042287

    Abstract Savonius hydrokinetic turbine is a kind of turbine set which is suitable for low-velocity conditions. Unlike conventional turbines, Savonius turbines employ S-shaped blades and have simple internal structures. Therefore, there is a large space for optimizing the blade geometry. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical simulation and genetic algorithm (GA) were used for the optimal design. The optimization strategies and methods were determined by comparing the results calculated by CFD with the experimental results. The weighted objective function was constructed with the maximum power coefficient Cp and the high-power coefficient range R under multiple… More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling and Optimization of Solar Collector Design for the Improvement of Solar-Air Source Heat Pump Building Heating System

    Jiarui Wu1, Yuzhen Kang2, Junxiao Feng1,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2783-2802, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029358

    Abstract To enhance system stability, solar collectors have been integrated with air-source heat pumps. This integration facilitates the concurrent utilization of solar and air as energy sources for the system, leading to an improvement in the system's heat generation coefficient, overall efficiency, and stability. In this study, we focus on a residential building located in Lhasa as the target for heating purposes. Initially, we simulate and analyze a solar-air source heat pump combined heating system. Subsequently, while ensuring the system meets user requirements, we examine the influence of solar collector installation angles and collector area on More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Improvement through Novel Adaptive Node and Container Aware Scheduler with Resource Availability Control in Hadoop YARN

    J. S. Manjaly, T. Subbulakshmi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 3083-3108, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036320

    Abstract The default scheduler of Apache Hadoop demonstrates operational inefficiencies when connecting external sources and processing transformation jobs. This paper has proposed a novel scheduler for enhancement of the performance of the Hadoop Yet Another Resource Negotiator (YARN) scheduler, called the Adaptive Node and Container Aware Scheduler (ANACRAC), that aligns cluster resources to the demands of the applications in the real world. The approach performs to leverage the user-provided configurations as a unique design to apportion nodes, or containers within the nodes, to application thresholds. Additionally, it provides the flexibility to the applications for selecting and… More >

  • Open Access


    Appraisal of Improvement in Physiological and Metabolic Processes by Exogenously Applied Natural and Synthetic Ascorbic Acid in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Fruit Subjected to Water Deficit Stress

    Muhammad Younis1, Nudrat Aisha Akram1,*, Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef2,*, Muhammad Ashraf3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2761-2784, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028801

    Abstract To counteract the effects of drought stress, scientists have adopted several approaches including the use of different chemicals both inorganic and organic, which is contemplated as a highly efficient and cost-effective shot-gun approach. Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a potential organic substance, which widely occurs in plants, and is considered to be an effective antioxidant to counteract reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thus, a pot experiment was performed to assess the relative mitigating impacts of synthetic AsA and naturally occurring AsA in the form of lemon juice (LJ) and orange juice (OJ) on two cultivars of okra (AbelmoschusMore >

  • Open Access


    Wake-Up Security: Effective Security Improvement Mechanism for Low Power Internet of Things

    Sun-Woo Yun1, Na-Eun Park1, Il-Gu Lee1,2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2897-2917, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039940

    Abstract As time and space constraints decrease due to the development of wireless communication network technology, the scale and scope of cyberattacks targeting the Internet of Things (IoT) are increasing. However, it is difficult to apply high-performance security modules to the IoT owing to the limited battery, memory capacity, and data transmission performance depending on the size of the device. Conventional research has mainly reduced power consumption by lightening encryption algorithms. However, it is difficult to defend large-scale information systems and networks against advanced and intelligent attacks because of the problem of deteriorating security performance. In… More >

  • Open Access


    Recent Progresses of Shallow Water Hydro-sediment-morphodynamic Modelling: Improvement of Computational Efficiencies and Typical Applications

    Peng Hu1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09880

    Abstract Shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic modelling plays significant role in several aspects (e.g., river and estuarine engineering). In response to climate change and intense human activities, there have been dramatic changes in river water and sediment flux conditions, and thus sediment transport intensity and bed morphological evolution differs from traditional characteristics. These necessitates fully coupled shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic modelling, which however may damage the computational efficiency. Here we report some progresses in developing a computationally efficient version of fully coupled shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic model and its preliminary applications in bottle-neck navigational waterways of the Yangtze river. More >

  • Open Access



    Amnart Boonloia, Withada Jedsadaratanachaib,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.1

    Abstract Numerical examinations on flow and heat transfer behaviors in a square channel heat exchanger equipped with various configurations of V-wavy plate are performed. The pitch-to-channel height ratios, wavy height-to-channel height ratios and flow directions of the test section are investigated for the Reynolds number in the range of 100 – 1000 (laminar flow regime). The finite volume method is selected for the present investigation. The results are reported in terms of flow and heat transfer mechanisms in the channel. The thermal performance assessments of the square channel fitted with the V-wavy plate are also concluded. More >

  • Open Access



    Rongge Xiaoa,*, Yanwei Zhanga , Xu Gaob , Hongping Yuc , Wangying Weia

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-8, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.22

    Abstract In order to improve DMR (double mixed refrigerant) liquefaction process and reduce operation cost of natural gas liquefaction plant, a four-stage DMR process optimization simulation calculation model was established through Aspen Hysys v8.4 and the purpose of the optimization model is achieved by using the segmented compression process in this paper. The minimum energy consumption and the highest exergy efficiency were used as the objective functions. By using the optimizer in HYSYS, the process parameters and ingredient proportion of the mixed refrigerant in the fourstage DMR process was optimized, and the best process parameters and More >

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