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  • Open Access


    Predicting the Mechanical Behavior of a Bioinspired Nanocomposite through Machine Learning

    Xingzi Yang1, Wei Gao2, Xiaodu Wang1, Xiaowei Zeng1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1299-1313, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049371

    Abstract The bioinspired nacre or bone structure represents a remarkable example of tough, strong, lightweight, and multifunctional structures in biological materials that can be an inspiration to design bioinspired high-performance materials. The bioinspired structure consists of hard grains and soft material interfaces. While the material interface has a very low volume percentage, its property has the ability to determine the bulk material response. Machine learning technology nowadays is widely used in material science. A machine learning model was utilized to predict the material response based on the material interface properties in a bioinspired nanocomposite. This model More >

  • Open Access


    Constitutive Behavior of the Interface between UHPC and Steel Plate without Shear Connector: From Experimental to Numerical Study

    Zihan Wang1, Boshan Zhang2, Hui Wang1,*, Qing Ai1, Xingchun Huang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1863-1888, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048217

    Abstract The application of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) as a covering layer for steel bridge decks has gained widespread popularity. By employing a connection without a shear connector between the steel plate and UHPC, namely, the sandblasted interface and the epoxy adhesive with sprinkled basalt aggregate interface, the installation cannot only be simplified but also the stress concentration resulting from the welded shear connectors can be eliminated. This study develops constitutive models for these two interfaces without shear connectors, based on the interfacial pull-off and push-out tests. For validation, three-point bending tests on the steel-UHPC composite More >

  • Open Access


    Image Segmentation-P300 Selector: A Brain–Computer Interface System for Target Selection

    Hang Sun, Changsheng Li*, He Zhang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2505-2522, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049898

    Abstract Brain–computer interface (BCI) systems, such as the P300 speller, enable patients to express intentions without necessitating extensive training. However, the complexity of operational instructions and the slow pace of character spelling pose challenges for some patients. In this paper, an image segmentation P300 selector based on YOLOv7-mask and DeepSORT is proposed. The proposed system utilizes a camera to capture real-world objects for classification and tracking. By applying predefined stimulation rules and object-specific masks, the proposed system triggers stimuli associated with the objects displayed on the screen, inducing the generation of P300 signals in the patient’s… More >

  • Open Access


    Static Analysis Techniques for Fixing Software Defects in MPI-Based Parallel Programs

    Norah Abdullah Al-Johany1,*, Sanaa Abdullah Sharaf1,2, Fathy Elbouraey Eassa1,2, Reem Abdulaziz Alnanih1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3139-3173, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047392

    Abstract The Message Passing Interface (MPI) is a widely accepted standard for parallel computing on distributed memory systems. However, MPI implementations can contain defects that impact the reliability and performance of parallel applications. Detecting and correcting these defects is crucial, yet there is a lack of published models specifically designed for correcting MPI defects. To address this, we propose a model for detecting and correcting MPI defects (DC_MPI), which aims to detect and correct defects in various types of MPI communication, including blocking point-to-point (BPTP), nonblocking point-to-point (NBPTP), and collective communication (CC). The defects addressed by… More >

  • Open Access


    Interface and Friction Properties of Copper-embedded Polyethylene Terephthalate Filament


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.1-2, pp. 59-69, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.5

    Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the interfacial and the frictional properties of copper (Cu) reinforced polyethylene terephthalate (PET) filament. This Cu-Embedded PET filament will be used as an information transmitter. This filament was prepared by a co-extrusion process. Mechanical properties of these filaments have been quantified by tensile and pull-out analyses. It is shown that the mechanical properties of composite filament were improved by adding the copper filament (from 0.82 to 1.2 GPa). The results of the pull-out test revealed some adhesion between the copper and the PET despite the existence of More >

  • Open Access


    Averaged Dynamics of Fluids near the Oscillating Interface in a Hele-Shaw Cell

    Anastasia Bushueva, Olga Vlasova, Denis Polezhaev*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 847-857, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.048271

    Abstract The steady flow in a Hele-Shaw cell filled with fluids with a high viscosity contrast in the presence of fluid oscillations is experimentally studied. The control of oscillatory dynamics of multiphase systems with interfaces is a challenging technological problem. We consider miscible (water and glycerol) and immiscible (water and high-viscosity silicone oil PMS-1000) fluids under subsonic oscillations perpendicular to the interface. Observations show that the interface shape depends on the amplitude and frequency of oscillations. The interface is undisturbed only in the absence of oscillations. Under small amplitudes, the interface between water and glycerol widens… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamics of Low-Viscosity Liquids Interface in an Unevenly Rotating Vertical Layer

    Victor Kozlov1,*, Vladimir Saidakov1, Nikolai Kozlov2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 693-703, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.048068

    Abstract The behavior of two immiscible low-viscosity liquids differing in density and viscosity in a vertical flat layer undergoing modulated rotation is experimentally studied. The layer has a circular axisymmetric boundary. In the absence of modulation of the rotation speed, the interphase boundary has the shape of a short axisymmetric cylinder. A new effect has been discovered, under the influence of rotation speed modulation, the interface takes on a new dynamic equilibrium state. A more viscous liquid covers the end boundaries of the layer in the form of thin films, which have the shape of round… More >

  • Open Access



    Mohamed S. El-Genka,b,c,∗, Amir F. Alia,c

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.3, No.4, pp. 1-14, 2012, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v3.4.3001

    Abstract Advanced spreaders for cooling a 10 x 10 mm underlying computer chip with a central hot spot (CHS) could remove > 85 W of dissipated thermal power at junctions’ temperature < 100o C. The spreaders comprise a 1.6 - 3.2 mm thick Cu substrate and an 80-μm thick micro-porous copper (MPC) surface cooled by saturation nucleate boiling of PF-5060 dielectric liquid. Investigated are the effects of varying the heat flux at the chip’s 1 and 4 mm2 CHS and the impedance of thermal interface material (TIM) between the Cu substrate and underlying chip. Results confirmed the… More >

  • Open Access


    An Adaptive Control Strategy for Energy Storage Interface Converter Based on Analogous Virtual Synchronous Generator

    Feng Zhao, Jinshuo Zhang*, Xiaoqiang Chen, Ying Wang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 339-358, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043082

    Abstract In the DC microgrid, the lack of inertia and damping in power electronic converters results in poor stability of DC bus voltage and low inertia of the DC microgrid during fluctuations in load and photovoltaic power. To address this issue, the application of a virtual synchronous generator (VSG) in grid-connected inverters control is referenced and proposes a control strategy called the analogous virtual synchronous generator (AVSG) control strategy for the interface DC/DC converter of the battery in the microgrid. Besides, a flexible parameter adaptive control method is introduced to further enhance the inertial behavior of… More >

  • Open Access


    Fragile Points Method for Modeling Complex Structural Failure

    Mingjing Li1,*, Leiting Dong1, Satya N. Atluri2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09689

    Abstract The Fragile Points Method (FPM) is a discontinuous meshless method based on the Galerkin weak form [1]. In the FPM, the problem domain is discretized by spatial points and subdomains, and the displacement trial function of each subdomain is derived based on the points within the support domain. For this reason, the FPM doesn’t suffer from the mesh distortion and is suitable to model complex structural deformations. Furthermore, similar to the discontinuous Galerkin finite element method, the displacement trial functions used in the FPM is piece-wise continuous, and the numerical flux is introduced across each… More >

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