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  • Open Access



    A.C. Budimana,*, S. M. Hasheminejadb, Sudirjaa, A. Mitayanic, S. H. Winotod

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, pp. 1-6, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.9

    Abstract Streamwise development of counter-rotating vortices induced by three different types of chevron Vortex Generators (VGs) placed upstream an Electric Vehicles (EV) dummy battery module is experimentally visualized using a smoke-wire method. From the single chevron reference case, the mushroom-like vortices do not collapse until passing the module. When more chevrons are used in line, the vortices become more prominent. It can also be observed that the vortex sizes and shapes are significantly influenced by the spanwise base length of the chevron. The induced vortices from all three VGs suggest a potential heat transfer augmentation for the EV battery module application. More >

  • Open Access



    Xiaoyong Gua,*, Gang Wub, Biwen Chenc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, pp. 1-9, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.24

    Abstract To maintain the maximum temperature and temperature difference of batteries in electric vehicles within a reasonable range, a battery thermal management system combining closed air-cooling with phase change material(PCM) is proposed and investigated. A three-dimensional numerical model is developed and validated by experiment. The results indicate that the temperature rise of batteries decreases with the increase of ambient temperature. The increasing filling amount of PCM reduces the maximum temperature difference of batteries as well as the effect of the airflow rate on maximum temperature of batteries. The energy consumption is minimum when the filling amount of PCM is 0.28kg. More >

  • Open Access


    Toward Optimal Periodic Crowd Tracking via Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Khalil Chebil1,2, Skander Htiouech3, Mahdi Khemakhem1,2,4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 233-263, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026476

    Abstract Crowd management and analysis (CMA) systems have gained a lot of interest in the vulgarization of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) use. Crowd tracking using UAVs is among the most important services provided by a CMA. In this paper, we studied the periodic crowd-tracking (PCT) problem. It consists in using UAVs to follow-up crowds, during the life-cycle of an open crowded area (OCA). Two criteria were considered for this purpose. The first is related to the CMA initial investment, while the second is to guarantee the quality of service (QoS). The existing works focus on very specified assumptions that are highly… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Way to Parse Logs Automatically for Multiline Events

    Mingguang Yu1,2, Xia Zhang1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2975-2994, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037505


    In order to obtain information or discover knowledge from system logs, the first step is to perform log parsing, whereby unstructured raw logs can be transformed into a sequence of structured events. Although comprehensive studies on log parsing have been conducted in recent years, most assume that one event object corresponds to a single-line message. However, in a growing number of scenarios, one event object spans multiple lines in the log, for which parsing methods toward single-line events are not applicable. In order to address this problem, this paper proposes an automated log parsing method for multiline events (LPME). LPME… More >

  • Open Access


    Solar Radiation Prediction Using Satin Bowerbird Optimization with Modified Deep Learning

    Sheren Sadiq Hasan1, Zainab Salih Agee2, Bareen Shamsaldeen Tahir3, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3225-3238, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037434

    Abstract Solar energy will be a great alternative to fossil fuels since it is clean and renewable. The photovoltaic (PV) mechanism produces sunbeams’ green energy without noise or pollution. The PV mechanism seems simple, seldom malfunctioning, and easy to install. PV energy productivity significantly contributes to smart grids through many small PV mechanisms. Precise solar radiation (SR) prediction could substantially reduce the impact and cost relating to the advancement of solar energy. In recent times, several SR predictive mechanism was formulated, namely artificial neural network (ANN), autoregressive moving average, and support vector machine (SVM). Therefore, this article develops an optimal Modified… More >

  • Open Access


    A Blockchain-Based Trust Model for Supporting Collaborative Healthcare Data Management

    Jiwon Jeon, Junho Kim, Mincheol Shin, Mucheol Kim*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3403-3421, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036658

    Abstract The development of information technology allows the collaborative business process to be run across multiple enterprises in a larger market environment. However, while collaborative business expands the realm of businesses, it also causes various hazards in collaborative Interaction, such as data falsification, inconstancy, and misuse. To solve these issues, a blockchain-based collaborative business modeling approach was proposed and analyzed. However, the existing studies lack the blockchain risk problem-solving specification, and there is no verification technique to examine the process. Consequently, it is difficult to confirm the appropriateness of the approach. Thus, here, we propose and build a blockchain-based trust model… More >

  • Open Access


    Modified Metaheuristics with Transfer Learning Based Insect Pest Classification for Agricultural Crops

    Saud Yonbawi1, Sultan Alahmari2, T. Satyanarayana murthy3, Ravuri Daniel4, E. Laxmi Lydia5, Mohamad Khairi Ishak6, Hend Khalid Alkahtani7,*, Ayman Aljarbouh8, Samih M. Mostafa9

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3847-3864, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036552

    Abstract Crop insect detection becomes a tedious process for agronomists because a substantial part of the crops is damaged, and due to the pest attacks, the quality is degraded. They are the major reason behind crop quality degradation and diminished crop productivity. Hence, accurate pest detection is essential to guarantee safety and crop quality. Conventional identification of insects necessitates highly trained taxonomists to detect insects precisely based on morphological features. Lately, some progress has been made in agriculture by employing machine learning (ML) to classify and detect pests. This study introduces a Modified Metaheuristics with Transfer Learning based Insect Pest Classification… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Utilization-Based Adaptive Data Management Method for Distributed Storage System in WAN Environment

    Sanghyuck Nam1, Jaehwan Lee2, Kyoungchan Kim3, Mingyu Jo1, Sangoh Park1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3457-3469, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035428

    Abstract Recently, research on a distributed storage system that efficiently manages a large amount of data has been actively conducted following data production and demand increase. Physical expansion limits exist for traditional standalone storage systems, such as I/O and file system capacity. However, the existing distributed storage system does not consider where data is consumed and is more focused on data dissemination and optimizing the lookup cost of data location. And this leads to system performance degradation due to low locality occurring in a Wide Area Network (WAN) environment with high network latency. This problem hinders deploying distributed storage systems to… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Management of Energy Storage Systems for Peak Shaving in a Smart Grid

    Firas M. Makahleh1, Ayman Amer2, Ahmad A. Manasrah1, Hani Attar2, Ahmed A. A. Solyman3, Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti4,*, Phatiphat Thounthong5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3317-3337, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035690

    Abstract In this paper, the installation of energy storage systems (EES) and their role in grid peak load shaving in two echelons, their distribution and generation are investigated. First, the optimal placement and capacity of the energy storage is taken into consideration, then, the charge-discharge strategy for this equipment is determined. Here, Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) are used to calculate the minimum and maximum load in the network with the presence of energy storage systems. The energy storage systems were utilized in a distribution system with the aid of a peak load shaving approach. Ultimately, the battery… More >

  • Open Access


    Scalable Blockchain Technology for Tracking the Provenance of the Agri-Food

    B. Subashini*, D. Hemavathi

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3339-3358, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035074

    Abstract Due to an increase in agricultural mislabeling and carelesshandling of non-perishable foods in recent years, consumers have been calling for the food sector to be more transparent. Due to information dispersion between divisions and the propensity to record inaccurate data, current traceability solutions typically fail to provide reliable farm-to-fork histories ofproducts. The three most enticing characteristics of blockchain technology areopenness, integrity, and traceability, which make it a potentially crucial tool for guaranteeing the integrity and correctness of data. In this paper, we suggest a permissioned blockchain system run by organizations, such as regulatory bodies, to promote the origin-tracking of shelf-stable… More >

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