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  • Open Access


    Metaheuristics-based Clustering with Routing Technique for Lifetime Maximization in Vehicular Networks

    P. Muthukrishnan*, P. Muthu Kannan

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 1107-1122, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031962

    Abstract Recently, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) finds applicability in different domains such as security, rescue operations, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), etc. VANET has unique features like high mobility, limited mobility patterns, adequate topology modifications, and wireless communication. Despite the benefits of VANET, scalability is a challenging issue which could be addressed by the use of cluster-based routing techniques. It enables the vehicles to perform intercluster communication via chosen CHs and optimal routes. The main drawback of VANET network is the network unsteadiness that results in minimum lifetime. In order to avoid reduced network lifetime in… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Rat Swarm Based Multihop Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    H. Manikandan1,*, D. Narasimhan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 2925-2939, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029754

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) encompass a massive set of sensor nodes, which are self-configurable, inexpensive, and compact. The sensor nodes undergo random deployment in the target area and transmit data to base station using inbuilt transceiver. For reducing energy consumption and lengthen lifetime of WSN, multihop routing protocols can be designed. This study develops an improved rat swarm optimization based energy aware multi-hop routing (IRSO-EAMHR) protocol for WSN. An important intention of the IRSO-EAMHR method is for determining optimal routes to base station (BS) in the clustered WSN. Primarily, a weighted clustering process is performed More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient QoS Aware Cluster Based Multihop Routing Protocol for WSN

    M.S. Maharajan1,*, T. Abirami2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 1173-1189, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020312

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have become a hot research area owing to the unique characteristics and applicability in diverse application areas. Clustering and routing techniques can be considered as an NP hard optimization problem, which can be addressed by metaheuristic optimization algorithms. With this motivation, this study presents a chaotic sandpiper optimization algorithm based clustering with groundwater flow optimization based routing technique (CSPOC-GFLR). The goal of the CSOC-GFLR technique is to cluster the sensor nodes in WSN and elect an optimal set of routes with an intention of achieving energy efficiency and maximizing network lifetime. More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Aware Clustering with Multihop Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

    A. Daniel*, K.M. Baalamurugan, Vijay Ramalingam, KP Arjun

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.29, No.1, pp. 233-246, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016405

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) and the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) concepts are currently combined to improve data transmission based on sensors in near future applications. Since IoT devices exist in WSN with built-in batteries, power efficiency is a challenge that must be resolved. Clustering and routing are effectively treated as methods for reducing the dissipation of energy and maximising WSN IoT support life. This paper presents the new Energy Aware Adaptive Fuzzy neuro clustering with the WSN assisted IoT algorithm EAANFC-MR. EAANFC-MR is proposed for two main stages, clustering and multihop routing on the More >

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