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  • Open Access


    Growth of Non-enzymatic Cholesterol Biosensor using TiO2 Decorated Graphene Oxide with Bare GCE and PPy-GCE


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.38, No.3-4, pp. 295-307, 2021, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2021.38.3-4.10

    Abstract The cholesterol level determination is a significant clinical diagnostic solution for heart and, thrombosis problems. In this work, we examined a novel non-enzymatic cholesterol biosensor using cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) enzyme immobilized on TiO2 nanoparticles influenced by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) - polypyrrole (PPy) (rGO-TiO2 /PPy-GCE) nanocomposite was developed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and the higher sensing response with lower detection limits were observed. The electrochemical properties of GCE modified PPy (PPy-GCE) were studied using CV (Cyclic Voltammetry) and DPV (Differential Pulse Voltammetry). The reported sensor exhibited piecewise linearity in the range of 0.1 µM More >

  • Open Access


    Natural Convection and Irreversibility of Nanofluid Due to Inclined Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Filled in a Cavity with Y-Shape Heated Fin: FEM Computational Configuration

    Afraz Hussain Majeed1, Rashid Mahmood2, Sayed M. Eldin3, Imran Saddique4,5,*, S. Saleem6, Muhammad Jawad7

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1505-1519, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030255

    Abstract This study explains the entropy process of natural convective heating in the nanofluid-saturated cavity in a heated fin and magnetic field. The temperature is constant on the Y-shaped fin, insulating the top wall while the remaining walls remain cold. All walls are subject to impermeability and non-slip conditions. The mathematical modeling of the problem is demonstrated by the continuity, momentum, and energy equations incorporating the inclined magnetic field. For elucidating the flow characteristics Finite Element Method (FEM) is implemented using stable FE pair. A hybrid fine mesh is used for discretizing the domain. Velocity and More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Nanomaterials Addition to Phase Change Materials on Heat Transfer in Solar Panels under Iraqi Atmospheric Conditions

    Majid Ahmed Mohammed1, Abdullah Talab Derea2, Mohammed Yaseen Lafta3, Obed Majeed Ali1, Omar Rafae Alomar4,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041668

    Abstract It is common knowledge that phase-change materials are used for the purpose of thermal storage because of the characteristics that are exclusive to these materials and not found in others. These characteristics include a large capacity for absorbing heat and a large capacity for releasing heat when the phase changes; however, these materials have a low thermal conductivity. This paper presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the impact that nanoparticles of copper oxide had on reducing the temperature of solar panels. The phase change substance that was used was determined to be More >

  • Open Access


    Translocation and transformation of engineered nanomaterials in plant cells and their effect on metabolism


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 493-502, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.025740

    Abstract As the climate worsens and the demand for food grows, so does the interest in nanoagriculture. The interaction between plants and nanomaterials (NMs) has been extensively and intensively examined. However, stopping at the outcome of a phenomenon is often insufficient. Therefore, we introduce three important processes of nanoparticle-plant interactions: translocation, transformation, and plant metabolism. During the migration of nanoparticles, size and surface electrical properties are the main determining factors. Additionally, the interaction of nanoparticles with cell membranes is another key aspect of research. The transformation of nanoparticles in plants is mainly due to redox substances. More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Performances of a New Type of Alumina Nanocomposite Structural Material Designed for the Thermal Insulation of High-Rise Buildings

    Yue Yu*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 697-709, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021482

    Abstract The sol-gel method is used to prepare a new nano-alumina aerogel structure and the thermal properties of this nanomaterial are investigated comprehensively using electron microscope scanning, thermal analysis, X-ray and infrared spectrometer analysis methods. It is found that the composite aerogel alumina material has a multi-level porous nano-network structure. When employed for the thermal insulation of high-rise buildings, the alumina nanocomposite aerogel material can lead to effective energy savings in winter. However, it has almost no energy-saving effect on buildings where energy is consumed for cooling in summer. More >

  • Open Access


    Tuning the Spatially Controlled Growth, Structural Self-Organizing and Cluster-Assembling of the Carbyne-Enriched Nano-Matrix during Ion-Assisted Pulse-Plasma Deposition

    Alexander Lukin1,*, Oğuz Gülseren2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1763-1779, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022016

    Abstract Carbyne-enriched nanomaterials are of current interest in nanotechnology-related applications. The properties of these nanomaterials greatly depend on their production process. In particular, structural self-organization and auto-synchronization of nanostructures are typical phenomena observed during the growth and heteroatom-doping of carbyne-enriched nanostructured metamaterials by the ion-assisted pulse-plasma deposition method. Accordingly, fine tuning of these processes may be seen as the key step to the predictive designing of carbyne-enriched nano-matrices with improved properties. In particular, we propose an innovative concept, connected with application of the vibrational-acoustic effects and based on universal Cymatics mechanisms. These effects are used to More >

  • Open Access


    Impact of nanomaterials on plants: What other implications do they have?


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 651-654, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017350

    Abstract The use of nanomaterials has spread and has been applied in different industries, including agriculture. Here, the possibilities presented by NMs are very varied, from the biostimulation of favorable responses, or the control of pests and diseases, to the monitoring of characteristics of interest with the use of nanosensors. Particularly the biostimulation of agricultural crops with the use of nanomaterials is very relevant, since from this process stress tolerance, higher content of biocompounds, etc., can be induced. Although the positive impacts on crops are clear, there is not enough information to determine the long-term impacts, More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Review on Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Microbial Fuel Cells

    Pooja Dange1,#, Nishit Savla1,#, Soumya Pandit2,*, Rambabu Bobba3, Sokhee P. Jung4, Piyush Kumar Gupta2, Mohit Sahni5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 665-697, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.015806

    Abstract The focus of microbial fuel cell research in recent years has been on the development of materials, microbes, and transfer of charges in the system, resulting in a substantial improvement in current density and improved power generation. The cathode is generally recognized as the limiting factor due to its high-distance proton transfer, slow oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), and expensive materials. The heterogeneous reaction determines power generation in MFC. This comprehensive review describes-recent advancements in the development of cathode materials and catalysts associated with ORR. The recent studies indicated the utilization of different metal oxides, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Biodegradable Materials as Nanocarriers for Drugs and Nutrients

    Xingran Kou1,2, Qixuan Zhao2, Wenwen Xu2, Zuobing Xiao2, Yunwei Niu2, Kai Wang3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.7, pp. 1189-1211, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015268

    Abstract Several important drugs and nutritional supplements are limited by their lack of bioavailability. Nanomaterials display unique beneficial properties that might help improve the bioavailability of drugs and nutritional supplements. Unfortunately, nanomaterials produced from synthetic polymers and metals may have similar difficulties with bioavailability and toxicity. Naturally occurring biopolymers are biodegradable and non-toxic and are adaptable to the synthesis of nanoparticles. Drugs and other substances can be encapsulated or embedded in such particles with an increase in bioavailability. The search for biodegradable nanomaterials is an active research field. This review summarizes the research on nanocrystalline cellulose, More >

  • Open Access


    Al2O3 and γAl2O3 Nanomaterials Based Nanofluid Models with Surface Diffusion: Applications for Thermal Performance in Multiple Engineering Systems and Industries

    Adnan1, Umar Khan2, Naveed Ahmed3, Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din4, Ilyas Khan5,*, Dumitru Baleanu6,7,8, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar9

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1563-1576, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012326

    Abstract Thermal transport investigation in colloidal suspensions is taking a significant research direction. The applications of these fluids are found in various industries, engineering, aerodynamics, mechanical engineering and medical sciences etc. A huge amount of thermal transport is essential in the operation of various industrial production processes. It is a fact that conventional liquids have lower thermal transport characteristics as compared to colloidal suspensions. The colloidal suspensions have high thermal performance due to the thermophysical attributes of the nanoparticles and the host liquid. Therefore, researchers focused on the analysis of the heat transport in nanofluids under… More >

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