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Biodegradable Materials as Nanocarriers for Drugs and Nutrients

Xingran Kou1,2, Qixuan Zhao2, Wenwen Xu2, Zuobing Xiao2, Yunwei Niu2, Kai Wang3,*

1 Key Laboratory of Textile Science & Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, 201620, China
2 School of Perfume and Aroma Technology, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, 201418, China
3 R&D Center of China Tobacco Yunnan Industrial Co., Ltd., Kunming, 650231, China

* Corresponding Author: Kai Wang. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Food Packaging Materials Based on Renewable Resources)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2021, 9(7), 1189-1211.


Several important drugs and nutritional supplements are limited by their lack of bioavailability. Nanomaterials display unique beneficial properties that might help improve the bioavailability of drugs and nutritional supplements. Unfortunately, nanomaterials produced from synthetic polymers and metals may have similar difficulties with bioavailability and toxicity. Naturally occurring biopolymers are biodegradable and non-toxic and are adaptable to the synthesis of nanoparticles. Drugs and other substances can be encapsulated or embedded in such particles with an increase in bioavailability. The search for biodegradable nanomaterials is an active research field. This review summarizes the research on nanocrystalline cellulose, starch, lignin, and other biological and environment-friendly nanocomposites which are commonly used as nanocarriers for drugs and nutrients. Further, prospects for the use of biodegradable nanomaterials in targeted therapy, including environmentally responsive therapy, are discussed.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Kou, X., Zhao, Q., Xu, W., Xiao, Z., Niu, Y. et al. (2021). Biodegradable materials as nanocarriers for drugs and nutrients. Journal of Renewable Materials, 9(7), 1189-1211.
Vancouver Style
Kou X, Zhao Q, Xu W, Xiao Z, Niu Y, Wang K. Biodegradable materials as nanocarriers for drugs and nutrients. J Renew Mater. 2021;9(7):1189-1211
IEEE Style
X. Kou, Q. Zhao, W. Xu, Z. Xiao, Y. Niu, and K. Wang "Biodegradable Materials as Nanocarriers for Drugs and Nutrients," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1189-1211. 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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