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  • Open Access


    Quantifying Solid Solution Strengthening in Nickel-Based Superalloys via High-Throughput Experiment and Machine Learning

    Zihang Li1,#, Zexin Wang1,#, Zi Wang2, Zijun Qin1, Feng Liu1, Liming Tan1,*, Xiaochao Jin3,*, Xueling Fan3, Lan Huang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.2, pp. 1521-1538, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021639

    Abstract Solid solution strengthening (SSS) is one of the main contributions to the desired tensile properties of nickel-based superalloys for turbine blades and disks. The value of SSS can be calculated by using Fleischer’s and Labusch’s theories, while the model parameters are incorporated without fitting to experimental data of complex alloys. In this work, four diffusion multiples consisting of multicomponent alloys and pure Ni are prepared and characterized. The composition and microhardness of single γ phase regions in samples are used to quantify the SSS. Then, Fleischer’s and Labusch’s theories are examined based on high-throughput experiments, respectively. The fitted solid solution… More >

  • Open Access


    Developing a Cost-Effective Composite Based on Electroless Nickel-Coated Cellulose Fibres for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

    P. Sittisart1,*, M.M. Hyland1, M.A. Hodgson1, C. Nguyen2, A. Fernyhough3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 264-269, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634123

    Abstract A series of composites based on polypropylene with different loadings of nickel-coated cellulose fi bres (NCCF) were fabricated with the aim to create a composite suitable for EMI shielding and/or electrostatic discharge application. Various properties such as EMI shielding effectiveness, surface resistivity, volume resistivity and fl exural strength were characterised according to ASTM standard. Both surface and volume resistivity suggested that the electrical conductivity of NCCF was not high enough and the composite remains electrically non-conducting up to 40 wt% loading of NCCF. However, nickel particles were still able to shield electromagnetic radiation regardless of their connectivity and conductivity. This… More >

  • Open Access


    High Strain Rate Behavior of Harmonic Structure Designed Pure Nickel: Mechanical Characterization, Microstructure Analysis and Modelisation

    Daniel Varadaradjou1,*, Hocine Kebir1, Jérôme Mespoulet2, David Tingaud3, Salima Bouvier1, Paul Deconick2, Kei Ameyama4, Guy Dirras3,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 1-3, 2022, DOI:10.32604/icces.2022.08673

    Abstract The development of new architecture metallic alloys with controlled microstructures is one of the strategic ways for designing materials with high innovation potential and, particularly with improved mechanical properties as required for structural materials [1]. Indeed, unlike conventional counterparts, metallic materials having so-called harmonic structure displays strength and ductility synergy. The latter occurs due to a unique microstructure design: a coarse grain structure surrounded by a 3D continuous network of ultra-fine grain known as “core” and “shell”, respectively. In the present study, pure harmonic-structured (HS) Nickel samples were processed via controlled mechanical milling and followed by spark plasma sintering (SPS),… More >

  • Open Access


    A Prediction Method of Fracture Toughness of Nickel-Based Superalloys

    Yabin Xu1,*, Lulu Cui1, Xiaowei Xu2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 121-132, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022758

    Abstract Fracture toughness plays a vital role in damage tolerance design of materials and assessment of structural integrity. To solve these problems of complexity, time-consuming, and low accuracy in obtaining the fracture toughness value of nickel-based superalloys through experiments. A combination prediction model is proposed based on the principle of materials genome engineering, the fracture toughness values of nickel-based superalloys at different temperatures, and different compositions can be predicted based on the existing experimental data. First, to solve the problem of insufficient feature extraction based on manual experience, the Deep Belief Network (DBN) is used to extract features, and an attention… More >

  • Open Access


    Rapid Immobilization of Transferable Ni in Soil by Fe78Si9B13 Amorphous Zero-Valent Iron

    Liefei Pei, Xiangyun Zhang, Zizhou Yuan*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 955-968, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.016961

    Abstract Fe-Si-B amorphous zero-valent iron has attracted wide attention because of its efficient remediation of heavy metals and dye wastewater. In this paper, the remediation effect of amorphous zero-valent iron powder (Fe78Si9B13AP) on Ni contaminated soil was investigated. Results show that the immobilization efficiency of nickel in soil by Fe78Si9B13AP with low iron content is higher than that by ZVI. The apparent activation energies of the reactions of Fe78Si9B13AP with Ni2+ ions is 25.31 kJ/mol. After continuing the reaction for 7 days, Ni2+ ions is mainly transformed into monoplasmatic nickel (Ni0) and nickel combined with iron (hydroxide) oxides. Microstructure investigations show… More >

  • Open Access


    Evaluation of Stress Environment around Pits in Nickel Aluminum Bronze Metal under Corrosion and Cyclic Stresses

    Ramana M. Pidaparti1, Alex C. Johnson1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 87-98, 2013, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2013.009.087

    Abstract Surface damage in the form of pitting was observed in NiAl Bronze metal subjected to corrosion and cyclic stresses. In order to investigate the stresses surrounding the evolving pits due to corrosion, an image based computational study was carried out. The computational study involves developing an analysis model from the SEM images of corroded pits and then conducting stress analysis. Several computational simulations were carried out with increasing/evolving pits and the corresponding stress environment was obtained. The results obtained indicate that pit profiles (size and height) greatly affect the stress environment and the maximum stresses may vary depending on the… More >

  • Open Access


    Sample Size Dependence of Crack-tip Microstructure and Stress Evolutions in Single Crystal Nickel

    Wen-Ping Wu1,2, Zong-Zhuan Yao3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 235-252, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.093.235

    Abstract The internal microstructure evolution and atomic stress distribution around the crack tip of a pre-cracked single crystal nickel with unequal sample sizes are studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The simulated results indicate that the crack propagation dynamics and stress distributions around the crack tip are strongly dependent on the microstructure evolution caused by the change of sample size. Unequal sample sizes induce various atomic configurations around the crack tip during the crack propagation. When atomic configuration is invariable around the crack tip, the crack grows rapidly along the crack path, the stress concentration occurs at the crack tip of… More >

  • Open Access


    Molecular Dynamics Study of Size Effects and Deformation of Thin Films due to Nanoindentation

    Arun K. Nair1, Diana Farkas2, Ronald D. Kriz1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.24, No.2&3, pp. 239-248, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.024.239

    Abstract The indentation response of Ni thin films of thicknesses in the nano scale was studied using molecular dynamics simulations with embedded atom method (EAM) interatomic potentials. Simulations were performed in single crystal films in the [111] orientation with thicknesses of 7nm and 33nm. In the elastic regime, the loading curves observed start deviating from the Hertzian predictions for indentation depths greater than 2.5% of the film thickness. The observed loading curves are therefore dependent on the film thickness. The simulation results also show that the contact stress necessary to emit the first dislocation under the indenter is nearly independent of… More >

  • Open Access


    Computer Simulation of Fundamental Behaviors of Point Defects, Clusters and Interaction with Dislocations in Fe and Ni

    E. Kuramoto, K. Ohsawa, T. Tsutsumi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 193-200, 2002, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2002.003.193

    Abstract In order to investigate the interaction of point defects with a dislocation, an interstitial cluster or a SFT (stacking fault tetrahedron), computer simulation has been carried out in model Fe and Ni crystals. The capture zone (the region where the interaction energy is larger than kT) was determined for various interactions. Calculated capture zone for T =500°C for SIAs (crowdion and dumbbell) around a straight edge dislocation is larger than that for a vacancy in both Fe and Ni. Capture zones for Ni are larger than those for Fe, suggesting that Ni (fcc) has a larger dislocation bias factor than… More >

  • Open Access


    Production of Carbon Nanotubes-Nickel Composites on Different Graphite Substrates

    Munther Issa K,ah1, Jean-Luc Meunier2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 123-136, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.123

    Abstract Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized on different graphite types covered with thin layer of nickel catalyst by catalytic chemical vapour deposition using acetylene as hydrocarbon source. The produced carbon nanotubes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The shape, quantity and diameter of the MWCNTs are shown to be affected by the type of the graphite substrate, the growth temperature and the hydrocarbon source flow rate. The diameters of the produced MWCNTs were ranged between 43 and 80 nm for pyrolytic (PYROID) and polycrystalline (AXF-5Q) graphite, respectively when the… More >

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