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  • Open Access


    Overall Assessment of Heat Transfer for a Rarefied Flow in a Microchannel with Obstacles Using Lattice Boltzmann Method

    Siham Hammid1, Khatir Naima2, Omolayo M. Ikumapayi3, Cheikh Kezrane1, Abdelkrim Liazid4, Jihad Asad5, Mokdad Hayawi Rahman6, Farhan Lafta Rashid7, Naseer Ali Hussien8, Younes Menni2,9,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 273-299, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028951

    Abstract The objective of this investigation is to assess the effect of obstacles on numerical heat transfer and fluid flow momentum in a rectangular microchannel (MC). Two distinct configurations were studied: one without obstacles and the other with alternating obstacles placed on the upper and lower walls. The research utilized the thermal lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), which solves the energy and momentum equations of fluids with the BGK approximation, implemented in a Python coding environment. Temperature jump and slip velocity conditions were utilized in the simulation for the MC and extended to all obstacle boundaries. The study aims to analyze the… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Blasting Stress Wave on Dynamic Crack Propagation

    Huizhen Liu1,2, Duanying Wan3, Meng Wang3, Zheming Zhu3, Liyun Yang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 349-368, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028197

    Abstract Stress waves affect the stress field at the crack tip and dominate the dynamic crack propagation. Therefore, evaluating the influence of blasting stress waves on the crack propagation behavior and the mechanical characteristics of crack propagation is of great significance for engineering blasting. In this study, ANSYS/LS-DYNA was used for blasting numerical simulation, in which the propagation characteristics of blasting stress waves and stress field distribution at the crack tip were closely observed. Moreover, ABAQUS was applied for simulating the crack propagation path and calculating dynamic stress intensity factors (DSIFs). The universal function was calculated by the fractal method. The… More >

  • Open Access


    CFD-Based Optimization of a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger

    Juanjuan Wang*, Jiangping Nan, Yanan Wang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2761-2775, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.021175

    Abstract The main objective of this study is the technical optimization of a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger (STHE). In order to do so, a simulation model is introduced that takes into account the related gas-phase circulation. Then, simulation verification experiments are designed in order to validate the model. The results show that the temperature field undergoes strong variations in time when an inlet wind speed of 6 m/s is considered, while the heat transfer error reaches a minimum of 5.1%. For an inlet velocity of 9 m/s, the heat transfer drops to the lowest point, while the heat transfer error reaches a… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of a Diesel Injector Nozzle

    Yaofei Zhang1, Guoxiang Li1, Shuzhan Bai1, Ke Sun1,*, Guihua Wang1,*, Yujie Jia2, Zhengxian Fang2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2933-2951, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028804

    Abstract Multiphase simulations based on the VOF (Volume of Fluid) approach, used in synergy with the cavitation Schnerr-Sauer method and the K-Epsilon turbulence model, have been conducted to study the behavior of an injector nozzle as a function of relevant structural parameters (such as the spray hole diameter and length). The related performances have been optimized in the framework of orthogonal experimental design and range analysis methods. As made evident by the results, as the spray hole diameter increases from 0.10 to 0.20 mm, the outlet mass flow rate grows by 243.23%. A small diameter of the spray hole, however, has… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Non-Gaussian Winds and Application on Floating Offshore Wind Turbines

    Shu Dai1,*, Bert Sweetman2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09687

    Abstract Short-term wind process is normally assumed to be a Gaussian distribution, such as TurbSim, the widely used 3D wind field tool. Nowadays, newest researches indicate that non-Gaussian wind model is believed to be more accurate according to the field observation data. A new numerical method is proposed to generate non-Gaussian wind filed using translation process theory and spectral representation method. This study presents a comprehensive investigation on power production and blades fatigue damage of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) to the non-Gaussian wind field. The comparisons of Gaussian and non-Gaussian simulation results indicate that the non-Gaussian wind fields will cost… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Multiphase Flow in Subsurface Reservoirs: Existing Challenges and New Treatments

    Shuyu Sun1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09671

    Abstract Two or multiple phases commonly occur as fluid mixture in petroleum industry, where oil, gas and water are often produced and transported together. As a result, petroleum reservoir engineers spent great efforts in the development and production of oil and gas reservoirs by conducting and interpolating the simulation of multiphase flows in porous geological formation. Meanwhile, environmental scientists use subsurface flow and transport models to investigate and compare for example various schemes to inject and store CO2 in subsurface geological formations, such as depleted reservoirs and deep saline aquifers. In this work, we first present an introduction of numerical simulation… More >

  • Open Access


    Comprehensive Simulation of Hot Shape Rolling by Considering the Casting Defects

    Umut Hanoglu1,2,*, Božidar Šarler1,2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09610

    Abstract In this research, a rolling simulation system based on a novel meshless solution procedure is upgraded considering casting defects in the material model. The improved model can predict the final stage of the defects after multi-pass rolling. The casted steel billet that enters the rolling mill arrives with casting defects. Those defects may be porosity due to the shrinkage and cavity or micro-cracks near the surface due to hot tearing. In this work, porosity is considered the main defect source since it can easily be determined experimentally. The damage theory develops a damaged stiffness matrix with a scalar damage value.… More >

  • Open Access


    Direct Numerical Simulation of Electroconvection near an Ion-Selective Membrane Under Magnetic Field

    Jinxiang Cai1, Gaojin Li1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09833

    Abstract We study the effect of magnetic field on the electro-hydrodynamics of ion transport in a liquid electrolyte near an ion-selective membrane using direct numerical simulation. Ion transport across the ion selective membrane plays an essential role in many electro-hydrodynamic and electro-microfluidic systems. Above a critical voltage, electroconvective instability occurs near the membrane surface, causing vortical flows in liquid electrolyte which enhances the mixing of cations and anions, increases the ion transport efficiency and causes current fluctuations. When the system is under a magnetic field, the Lorentz force generated by the ion movement can significantly change the flow of electrolyte solution.… More >

  • Open Access


    Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Large-Scale LandslideGenerated Surging Waves with a GPU‒Accelerated Soil‒Water Coupled SPH Model

    Can Huang1,*, Xiaoliang Wang1, Qingquan Liu1, Huaning Wang2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09824

    Abstract Soil‒water coupling is an important process in landslide-generated impulse waves (LGIW) problems, accompanied by large deformation of soil, strong interface coupling and three-dimensional effect. A meshless particle method, smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) has great advantages in dealing with complex interface and multiphase coupling problems. This study presents an improved soil‒water coupled model to simulate LGIW problems based on an open source code DualSPHysics (v4.0). Aiming to solve the low efficiency problem in modeling real large-scale LGIW problems, graphics processing unit (GPU) acceleration technology is implemented into this code. An experimental example, subaerial landslidegenerated water waves, is simulated to validate this… More >

  • Open Access


    A Restricted SIR Model with Vaccination Effect for the Epidemic Outbreaks Concerning COVID-19

    Ibtehal Alazman1, Kholoud Saad Albalawi1, Pranay Goswami2,*, Kuldeep Malik2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2409-2425, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028674

    Abstract This paper presents a restricted SIR mathematical model to analyze the evolution of a contagious infectious disease outbreak (COVID-19) using available data. The new model focuses on two main concepts: first, it can present multiple waves of the disease, and second, it analyzes how far an infection can be eradicated with the help of vaccination. The stability analysis of the equilibrium points for the suggested model is initially investigated by identifying the matching equilibrium points and examining their stability. The basic reproduction number is calculated, and the positivity of the solutions is established. Numerical simulations are performed to determine if… More >

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