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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    BIO-HEAT TRANSFER SIMULATION OF SQUARE AND CIRCULAR ARRAY OF RETINAL LASER IRRADIATION

    Arunn Narasimhan*, Kaushal Kumar Jha

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 1-8, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.3.3005

    Abstract Pan Retinal photocoagulation (PRP), a retinal laser surgical process, is simulated using a three-dimensional bio-heat transfer numerical model. Spots of two different type of array, square array of 3 × 3 spots and a circular array of six spots surrounding a central spot, are sequentially irradiated. Pennes bio-heat transfer model is used as the governing equation. Finite volume method is applied to find the temperature distribution due to laser irradiation inside the human eye. Each spot is heated for 100 ms and subsequently cooled for 100 ms with an initial laser power of 0.2 W. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigations on High-Speed Flash Boiling Atomization of Fuel Based on Numerical Simulations

    Wei Zhong1, Zhenfang Xin2, Lihua Wang1,*, Haiping Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1427-1453, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031271

    Abstract Flash boiling atomization (FBA) is a promising approach for enhancing spray atomization, which can generate a fine and more evenly distributed spray by increasing the fuel injection temperature or reducing the ambient pressure. However, when the outlet speed of the nozzle exceeds 400 m/s, investigating high-speed flash boiling atomization (HFBA) becomes quite challenging. This difficulty arises from the involvement of many complex physical processes and the requirement for a very fine mesh in numerical simulations. In this study, an HFBA model for gasoline direct injection (GDI) is established. This model incorporates primary and secondary atomization,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulations of the Flow Field around a Cylindrical Lightning Rod

    Wei Guo1, Yanliang Liu1, Xuqiang Wang1, Jiazheng Meng2, Mengqin Hu2, Bo He2,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 19-35, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.042944

    Abstract As an important lightning protection device in substations, lightning rods are susceptible to vibration and potential structural damage under wind loads. In order to understand their vibration mechanism, it is necessary to conduct flow analysis. In this study, numerical simulations of the flow field around a 330 kV cylindrical lightning rod with different diameters were performed using the SST k-ω model. The flow patterns in different segments of the lightning rod at the same reference wind speed (wind speed at a height of 10 m) and the flow patterns in the same segment at different reference wind… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    EX VIVO LIVER TISSUE RADIOFREQUENCY THERMAL ABLATION: IR MEASUREMENTS AND SIMULATIONS

    Edoardo Gino Macchi* , Giovanni Braschi, Mario Gallati

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-8, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.20

    Abstract Radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA) is a medical procedure currently widely adopted for liver tumors treatment. Its outcome is strongly influenced by temperature distribution near the RF applicator therefore continuous measurements are required both to validate RFTA numerical models and to better control the outcome of the procedure. The space-time evolution of the thermal field during RFTA on ex vivo porcine liver tissue has been measured by infrared thermal imaging in different experimental setups. A three-dimensional simulation of the whole experiment reproduces all the features of the thermal field measurements and validates the proposed measurement methodology. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CORRELATION FOR TURBULENT CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER IN ELLIPTICAL TUBES BY NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS

    Mo Yanga,*, Xiaoming Wanga, Zhiyun Wanga, Zheng Lib , Yuwen Zhangb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.11, pp. 1-6, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.11.7

    Abstract Turbulent convective heat transfer in an elliptical pipe are investigated numerically in this paper. The RSM model is employed in the simulations of elliptical tubes with different aspect ratio a/b and Reynolds numbers within the range of 10,000~120,000. It is found that the maximum deviation between the numerical result and the one from Dittus-Boelter equation contained a hydraulic diameter is 28.4%. Based on simulation results, the correlation between the Nusselt number and Reynolds number in the fully developed fluid section of the elliptical tube is obtained. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF THE EFFECT OF TURBULENCE IN THE THERMAL-RADIATION FLOW FIELD

    O. M. Oyewolaa,b,*, O. S. Ismailb, J. O. Bosomob

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-5, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.8

    Abstract This paper investigates possible inherent modifications of the radiative heat source term due to the influence of turbulence in the thermal radiation field of a gas turbine combustor flame. Adapting a flame temperature of 2000[K], COMSOL Multiphysics software was utilized to numerically simulate the process, assuming a gray gas participating medium with absorption coefficient of 0.03[m-1]. The analysis of the results for five (5) different radial cut sections of the simulated combustor chamber shows that turbulence-radiation interactions cause radiative heat losses from the flame, with the divergence of the radiative heat flux having a deviation factor More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Method to Enhance the Inversion Speed and Precision of the NMR T2 Spectrum by the TSVD Based Linearized Bregman Iteration

    Yiguo Chen1,2,3,*, Congjun Feng1,2, Yonghong He3, Zhijun Chen3, Xiaowei Fan3, Chao Wang3, Xinmin Ge4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.3, pp. 2451-2463, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.021145

    Abstract The low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique has been used to probe the pore size distribution and the fluid composition in geophysical prospecting and related fields. However, the speed and accuracy of the existing numerical inversion methods are still challenging due to the ill-posed nature of the first kind Fredholm integral equation and the contamination of the noises. This paper proposes a novel inversion algorithm to accelerate the convergence and enhance the precision using empirical truncated singular value decompositions (TSVD) and the linearized Bregman iteration. The L1 penalty term is applied to construct the objective More > Graphic Abstract

    A Novel Method to Enhance the Inversion Speed and Precision of the NMR T<sub>2</sub> Spectrum by the TSVD Based Linearized Bregman Iteration

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Image Representations of Numerical Simulations for Training Neural Networks

    Yiming Zhang1,*, Zhiran Gao1, Xueya Wang1, Qi Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 821-833, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.022088

    Abstract A large amount of data can partly assure good fitting quality for the trained neural networks. When the quantity of experimental or on-site monitoring data is commonly insufficient and the quality is difficult to control in engineering practice, numerical simulations can provide a large amount of controlled high quality data. Once the neural networks are trained by such data, they can be used for predicting the properties/responses of the engineering objects instantly, saving the further computing efforts of simulation tools. Correspondingly, a strategy for efficiently transferring the input and output data used and obtained in More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulations of One-Directional Fractional Pharmacokinetics Model

    Nursyazwani Mohamad Noor1, Siti Ainor Mohd Yatim1,*, Nur Intan Raihana Ruhaiyem2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 4923-4934, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030414

    Abstract In this paper, we present a three-compartment of pharmacokinetics model with irreversible rate constants. The compartment consists of arterial blood, tissues and venous blood. Fick’s principle and the law of mass action were used to develop the model based on the diffusion process. The model is modified into a fractional pharmacokinetics model with the sense of Caputo derivative. The existence and uniqueness of the model are investigated and the positivity of the model is established. The behaviour of the model is investigated by implementing numerical algorithms for the numerical solution of the system of fractional More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental and Numerical Analysis of the Relationship between Pressure and Drip Rate in a Vertical Polypropylene Infusion Bag

    Weiwei Duan*, Lingfeng Tang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1143-1164, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016692

    Abstract Vertical infusion (self-emptying) bags used for Intravenous infusion are typically obtained by moulding a soft envelope of polypropylene. In normal conditions a continuous flow of liquid can be obtained with no need to use a pump. In the present study, the relationship between air pressure effects and the drug drip rate have been investigated experimentally and numerically. After determining relevant experimental data about the descending height of liquid level, the dropping speed and pressure, the ordinary least square method and MATLAB have been used to reconstruct the related variation and interrelation laws. Numerical simulations have More >

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