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  • Open Access


    Plant Nitrogen Metabolism: Balancing Resilience to Nutritional Stress and Abiotic Challenges

    Muhammad Farhan1,#, Manda Sathish2, Rafia Kiran1, Aroosa Mushtaq3, Alaa Baazeem4, Ammarah Hasnain5, Fahad Hakim1, Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi1,#,*, Mustansar Mubeen6, Yasir Iftikhar6,*, Aqleem Abbas7, Muhammad Zeeshan Hassan1, Mahmoud Moustafa8

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 581-609, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046857


    Plant growth and resilience to abiotic stresses, such as soil salinity and drought, depend intricately on nitrogen metabolism. This review explores nitrogen’s regulatory role in plant responses to these challenges, unveiling a dynamic interplay between nitrogen availability and abiotic stress. In the context of soil salinity, a nuanced relationship emerges, featuring both antagonistic and synergistic interactions between salinity and nitrogen levels. Salinity-induced chlorophyll depletion in plants can be alleviated by optimal nitrogen supplementation; however, excessive nitrogen can exacerbate salinity stress. We delve into the complexities of this interaction and its agricultural implications. Nitrogen, a vital element within essential plant structures… More >

  • Open Access


    Expert Consensus on Nutritional Support for Children with Congenital Heart Disease (2023 Edition)

    Xuming Mo1,*, Wei Cai2,*, Jirong Qi1, Zhuoming Xu3, Ying Wang4, Weihui Yan4, Shoujun Li5, Nianguo Dong6, Xinxin Chen7, Jinfen Liu3, Qiang Shu8, Jimei Chen9, Haibo Zhang3, Hao Zhang10, Quansheng Xing11, Qi An12, Xiaofeng Li13, Xu Wang14, Yan He15, Junwu Su16, Taibing Fan17, Teng Ming18, Weibing Tang19, Li Hong20, Jinghao Zheng3, Ming Ye21, Guocheng Sun22, Yiqun Ding23, Liang Tao24, Yifeng Yang25, Zhongshi Wu25, Hua Cao26, Qiang Wang16, Keming Yang5, Libing Zhang27, Ping Wen28, Yanqin Cui29, Bo Zhai30, Yong Zou18, Qingya Tang31, Rui Chen11, Chun Wu32, Zhiyu Feng33, Caixia Liu34, Yaping Mi21, Rufang Zhang35, Ke Lin12, Xin Li36, Mingan Pi37, Xiangming Fan8, Shanshan Shi38, Peng Huang39, Zhengxia Pan32, Jiafeng Qi40, Renwei Chen41, Shuguang Tao42, Yaqin Shu1, Huifeng Zhang21, Lan Jiang1, Min Da1, Nishant Patel1, Liang Hu1, Cardiac Surgery Group of Pediatric Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, Parenteral Enteral Nutrition Society of Chinese Medical Association

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 571-593, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.048939

    Abstract The second edition of the expert consensus on pediatric nutrition was formed based on a global update of pediatric nutrition guidelines or consensus worldwide, the management of congenital heart disease, and the results of multi-center clinical nutrition research for congenital heart disease following the first Chinese consensus edition of 2016. The consensus was also shaped by the results of three discussion sessions and two questionnaires conducted by the 13-member collaboration group. This process was informed by both clinical guidelines and expert consensus. The quality of literature, both in English and Chinese, and the level of recommendations were evaluated using the… More >

  • Open Access


    Widely Untargeted Metabolome Profiling Provides Insight into Browning and Nutritional Quality Changes in Short-Term Stored Fresh-Cut Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Shreds

    Liping Hong, Enming He, Wenhui Zhang, Mingqiong Zheng, Jingwen Wu, Wenhua Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2785-2805, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030928

    Abstract Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is susceptible to enzymatic browning after fresh processing, resulting in color change and potential alteration in the nutritional quality. In this study, a popular potato cultivar, Feiwuruita, was used to profile the metabolites involved in color and nutritional quality changes in fresh shreds stored at 0 and 4 h at 25°C (designated CK and CK4H, respectively). The shreds turned brown within 4 h of storage. In all, 723 metabolites consisting 12 classes of compounds were detected in the samples, largely lipids, phenolic acids, alkaloids, amino acids and derivatives, flavonoids, organic acids, nucleotides and derivatives. Of these,… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Different Chinese Hickory Husk Returning Modes on Soil Nutrition and Microbial Community in Acid Forest Soil

    Qian Liu1, Sayikal Duyxanale1, Yongqian Tang2, Xinyu Shen1, Yuanlai Zhao1, Xinru Ma1, Shuai Shao1, Chenfei Liang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 943-954, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023225

    Abstract Chinese hickory (Carya cathayensis Sarg.) is an important economic forest in Southeastern China. A large amount of hickory husk waste is generated every year but with a low proportion of returning. Meanwhile, intensive management has resulted in soil degradation of Chinese hickory plantations. This study aims to investigate the effects of three Chinese hickory husk returning modes on soil amendment, including soil acidity, soil nutrition, and microbial community. The field experiment carried out four treatments: control (CK), hickory husk mulching (HM), hickory husk biochar (BC), and hickory husk organic fertilizer (OF). The phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) biomarker method was employed… More >

  • Open Access


    Preoperative Feeding in Single Ventricle Neonates is Predictive of Shorter Time to Goal Feed

    Alyssia Venna1, Kathleen Reid2, Sarah Davis2, Jiaxiang Gai3, Yves d’Udekem1, Sarah Clauss2,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 505-518, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.021571

    Abstract Background: Patients with single ventricle anatomy are at increased risk of growth failure and malnutrition. Amongst cardiac centers, there is little standardization of feeding practices in this complex population. We hypothesized that initiation of our center’s preoperative feeding protocol would result in decreased gastrostomy tube (G-tube) use, decreased length of stay and would not result in increased Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) rates. Methods: A single institution review of 52 patients who had undergone stage I single ventricle palliative repair was performed. Patient diagnoses were hypoplastic left heart syndrome (39%), atrioventricular canal (15%), and other (46%). Postoperative parameters such as time to… More > Graphic Abstract

    Preoperative Feeding in Single Ventricle Neonates is Predictive of Shorter Time to Goal Feed

  • Open Access


    Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System Assessment of the Nutrients Limiting and Nutritional Status of Tomato

    Rabia Manzoor1,*, Mohammad Saleem Akhtar1, Khalid Saifullah Khan1, Taqi Raza2, Muhammad Ishaq Asif Rehmani3, Carl Rosen4, Muhammad Khalil ur Rehman5, Nahla Zidan6, Fahad M. Alzuaibr7, Nisreen M. Abdulsalam8, Najla A. Khateeb9, Majid Alhomrani10,11, Abdulhakeem S. Alamri10,11, Javeed Ahmad Lone12, Muhammad Ammar Raza13, Ayman El Sabag

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.12, pp. 2759-2774, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022988

    Abstract Tomato is an important field crop, and nutritional imbalances frequently reduce its yield. Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS), uses ratios for nutrient deficiency diagnosis instead of absolute concentration in plant tests. In this study, local DRIS norms for the field tomatoes were established and the nutrient(s) limiting tomatoes yield were determined. Tomato leaves were analyzed for nutrients, to identify nutritional status using the DRIS approach. One hundred tomatoes fields were selected from Chatter Plain Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Sheikupura Punjab Pakistan. The first fully matured leaf was sampled, rinsed, dried and ground for analyzing P, K, Ca, Mg, Cu,… More >

  • Open Access


    Harnessing LSTM Classifier to Suggest Nutrition Diet for Cancer Patients

    S. Raguvaran1,*, S. Anandamurugan2, A. M. J. Md. Zubair Rahman3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.2, pp. 2171-2187, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.028605

    Abstract A customized nutrition-rich diet plan is of utmost importance for cancer patients to intake healthy and nutritious foods that help them to be strong enough to maintain their body weight and body tissues. Consuming nutrition-rich diet foods will prevent them from the side effects caused before and after treatment thereby minimizing it. This work is proposed here to provide them with an effective diet assessment plan using deep learning-based automated medical diet system. Hence, an Enhanced Long-Short Term Memory (E-LSTM) has been proposed in this paper, especially for cancer patients. This proposed method will be very useful for cancer patients… More >

  • Open Access


    The Primacy of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) in Boosting Nutrition Status and Immunity Defence Amidst the COVID-19 Catastrophe: A Perspective

    Hirdayesh Anuragi1, Rajesh Kumar Singhal2, Yashfa Tanveer3, Humaira Yasmin3, Ambati Srijan4, Alka Bharati1, Lal Chand5, Sukumar Taria1, Kunasekaran Rajarajan1, Asha Ram1, Arun Kumar Handa1, Ayyanadar Arunachalam1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem6,7,8,*, Deniz Özbilici9, Ayman EL Sabagh10,11,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 1831-1858, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020540

    Abstract A severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) led novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak spread through China has become the biggest global public health challenge today. The virus upon several mutations has led to the resurgence of more infectious and lethal variants infecting over 298 million people with more than 5.46 million deaths worldwide by the end of December, 2021. Though vaccines are available, various preventive measures particularly a high body immunity is still extremely important which determines the likelihood of disease severity and subsequent recovery in the current and future pandemics. This review acknowledges the potentiality of miraculous Moringa oleiferaMore >

  • Open Access


    Assessment of Phytochemical Analysis, Nutritional Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Moringa oleifera

    Naima Asghar1, Abida Aziz1, Muhammad Farooq Azhar2 , Mohamed El-Sharnouby3, Uzma Irfan1, Iqra Rafiq1, Husnain Farooq4,5,*, Muhammad Ishaq Asif Rehmani6, Mohamed I. Sakran7, A. Altalhi8, Fahad M. Alzuaibr9, Ayman El Sabagh10,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.8, pp. 1817-1829, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020790

    Abstract Moringa oleifera is a miracle plant rich in nutrients, antioxidants, and antibiotic properties. Present study was designed to evaluate various biochemical attributes of leaves and flowers of M. oleifera. Plant parts (leaves, flowers) of M. oleifera, collected from different roadsides of Multan district, Punjab, Pakistan, were used as experimental material. Result indicates that alkaloids, saponin, carbohydrates, fats, and protein had a high value in the aqueous extract of both leaves and flowers of M. oleifera. Whereas phenol content was high in methanolic leaves extract and the phenol contents were high in aqueous extract of flowers. The extract yield of M.… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Nutritional Supplementation and Sports Training on the Physical Fitness of Track and Field Athletes

    Wenbing Zhu*

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 89-96, 2022, DOI:10.32604/mcb.2022.018522

    Abstract This study aims to understand the influence of nutritional supplementation and sports training on the physical fitness of track and field athletes. Twenty track and field athletes from Chongqing Normal University were supplemented with nutrition and trained for eight weeks. Water, sugar, and vitamins were supplemented. They were trained three times a week, two hours each time. One hour was for special track and field training, and one hour was for physical training. Before and after the experiment, the body composition, sports quality, and functional movement screening (FMS) of the athletes were tested. Compared with before the experiment, the muscle… More >

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