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  • Open Access



    Olanrewaju M. Oyewolaa,b,*, Samuel I. Afolabib

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.20

    Abstract This paper investigates numerically the problem of convective heat transfer and entropy generation by two adiabatic obstacles positioned inside a square cavity heated at the left wall and cooled on the right wall while horizontal walls are adiabatic. The inclination angle of the cavity orientation investigated are 30, 60 and 90 degrees. Rayleigh numbers ranging from 103 to 106 were calculated for two vertical obstacles. The method of Galerkin finite element was employed to solve the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy. The cavity is assumed to be filled with air with Prandtl number of 0.71. It was observed… More >

  • Open Access



    Ameer Abed Jaddoa* , Hussain Saad Abd

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 1-12, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.6

    Abstract In this work, the demeanour of heat transfer in a cooled upstanding turbulent flow condition of supercritical carbon dioxide SC- CO2 was investigated and analyzed. Several scenarios were adopted to handle the experimental data acquired by applying a perpendicular pipe with bending tape used in the examination model. The outcomes were presented using a typical method 'the dimensionless constitution'. Also, a modification was achieved to improve the relationship among the parameters for the processes of up and down flows. The achieved results will help address this research gap on turbulent perpendicular compound heat load based on cooling conditions. Finally, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Path Planning of Quadrotors in a Dynamic Environment Using a Multicriteria Multi-Verse Optimizer

    Raja Jarray1, Mujahed Al-Dhaifallah2,*, Hegazy Rezk3,4, Soufiene Bouallègue1,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2159-2180, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018752

    Abstract Paths planning of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a dynamic environment is considered a challenging task in autonomous flight control design. In this work, an efficient method based on a Multi-Objective Multi-Verse Optimization (MOMVO) algorithm is proposed and successfully applied to solve the path planning problem of quadrotors with moving obstacles. Such a path planning task is formulated as a multicriteria optimization problem under operational constraints. The proposed MOMVO-based planning approach aims to lead the drone to traverse the shortest path from the starting point and the target without collision with moving obstacles. The vehicle moves to the next position… More >

  • Open Access


    Implementation of Multi-Object Recognition System for the Blind

    Huijin Park, Soobin Ou, Jongwoo Lee*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.29, No.1, pp. 247-258, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.015274

    Abstract Blind people are highly exposed to numerous dangers when they walk alone outside as they cannot obtain sufficient information about their surroundings. While proceeding along a crosswalk, acoustic signals are played, though such signals are often faulty or difficult to hear. The bollards can also be dangerous if they are not made with flexible materials or are located improperly. Therefore, since the blind cannot detect proper information about these obstacles while walking, their environment can prove to be dangerous. In this paper, we propose an object recognition system that allows the blind to walk safely outdoors. The proposed system can… More >

  • Open Access


    Success Rate Queue-Based Relocation Algorithm of Sensory Network to Overcome Non-Uniformly Distributed Obstacles

    Sooyeon Park1, Moonseong Kim2, Woochan Lee1, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 1181-1201, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011245

    Abstract With the recent development of big data technology that collects and analyzes various data, the technology that continuously collects and analyzes the observed data is also drawing attention. Moreover, its importance is growing in data collection in areas where people cannot access. In general, it is not easy to properly deploy IoT wireless devices for data collection in these areas, and it is also inappropriate to use general wheelbased mobile devices for relocation. Recently, researches have been actively carried out on hopping moving models in place of wheel-based movement for the inaccessible regions. The majority of studies, however, so far… More >

  • Open Access


    Maintaining Complex Formations and Avoiding Obstacles for Multi-Agents

    Yali Wang1, Youqian Feng1, Zhonghai Yin1, Cheng Zhou1, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.62, No.2, pp. 877-891, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.06423

    Abstract This paper researches some problems in complex formation for multi-agents, in which two matrices are proposed to record the formation. The pattern matrix is used to describe the pattern of the formation; meanwhile, the location matrix is used to record the location of each agent. Thus, all desired positions of each agent will be obtained by geometrical relationship on the basis of two matrices above. In addition a self-adaptation flocking algorithm is proposed to control all agents to form a desired formation and avoid obstacles. The main idea is as follows: agents will form a desired formation through the method… More >

  • Open Access


    Droplet Breakup Regime in a Cross-Junction Device with Lateral Obstacles

    Tawfiq Chekifi1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.15, No.5, pp. 545-555, 2019, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2019.01793

    Abstract Numerical simulation using Ansys Fluent code is performed, to investigate droplet generation in cross-junction based VOF method. Droplets of water are generated by the shear stress applied by continuous phase (oil), two configurations of cross-junction are suggested; the first is a simple model no modification is performed at the outer channel, while the second model is characterized by a lateral obstacle. we study the effect of velocity ratio, viscous parameter, interfacial tension, flow condition on droplet size and frequency, the effect of lateral obstacles on droplets generation is also focused and analysed. The numerical simulations showed that the velocity ratio… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Detonation and Multi-Material Interface Tracking

    Cheng Wang1, Jianguo Ning1, Tianbao Ma1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 73-96, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2011.022.073

    Abstract In this paper, we report high resolution simulations using a fifth-order weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) scheme with a third-order TVD Runge-Kutta time stepping method to examine the features of the detonation for gas and condensed explosives. A two-stage chemical reaction model and an ignition and growth model are employed to describe the chemical reaction process for gas and condensed explosives. Based on the Steger-Warming vector flux splitting method, a splitting method is employed when the vector flux does not satisfy the homogeneity property for simulating detonation wave propagation for condensed explosives. The sensibility of flame propagation process and explosion overpressure… More >

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