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  • Open Access


    Improved Beam Steering Method Using OAM Waves

    Nidal Qasem*, Ahmad Alamayreh

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 417-431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035603

    Abstract Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) is an intrinsic feature of electromagnetic waves which has recently found many applications in several areas in radio and optics. In this paper, we use OAM wave characteristics to present a simple method for beam steering over both elevation and azimuth planes. The design overcomes some limitations of traditional steering methods, such as limited dynamic range of steering, the design complexity, bulky size of the steering structure, the limited bandwidth of operation, and low gain. Based on OAM wave characteristics, the proposed steering method avoids design complexities by adopting a simple… More >

  • Open Access


    Generation of OAM Waves and Analysis of Mode Purity for 5G Sub-6 GHz Applications

    Shehab Khan Noor1, Arif Mawardi Ismail1, Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin1,*, Mohamed Nasrun Osman1, Nurulazlina Ramli2, Ali H. Rambe3, J. Iqbal4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 2239-2259, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031170

    Abstract This article presents the generation of Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) vortex waves with mode 1 using Uniform Circular Array (UCA) antenna. Two different designs, namely, UCA-1 (4-element array antenna) and UCA-2 (8-element array antenna), were designed and fabricated using FR-4 substrate to generate OAM mode 1 at 3.5 GHz (5G mid-band). The proposed antenna arrays comprised rectangular microstrip patch elements with inset fed technique. The elements were excited by a carefully designed feeding phase shift network to provide similar output energy at output ports with desired phase shift value. The generated OAM waves were confirmed… More >

  • Open Access


    Measurement Device Independent Quantum Key Distribution Based on Orbital Angular Momentum under Parametric Light Source

    Meng Wang1, Hong Lai1, *, Lei Pan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.63, No.1, pp. 369-387, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.07342

    Abstract On the one hand, existing measurement device independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocols have usually adopted single photon source (SPS) and weak coherent photon (WCP), however, these protocols have suffered from multi-photon problem brought from photon splitter number attacks. On the other hand, the orbital angular momentum (OAM)-MDI-QKD protocol does not need to compare and adjust the reference frame, solving the dependency of the base in the MDI-QKD protocol. Given that, we propose the OAM-MDI-QKD protocol based on the parametric light sources which mainly include single-photon-added-coherent (SPACS) and heralded single-photon sources (HSPS). Due to the More >

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