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  • Open Access


    Facile Preparation of Fe–N–C Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts from Metal Organic Frameworks for Zn-Air Battery

    Chengcheng Wang1,2,*, Dawei Luo1, Bingxue Hou3, Mortaza Gholizadeh4, Zanxiong Tan1, Xiaojie Han1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.5, pp. 1337-1348, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018770

    Abstract It is critical to study efficient, stable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts due to insufficient stability and expensive price of Pt/C catalysts for Zn-air batteries. Fe–N–C electrocatalysts was synthesized by a facile solvent-green method and the efficiency of Fe–N–C optimized was studied as potential ORR electrocatalysts under alkaline condition. Results indicated that it had excellent ORR activity with E1/2 of 0.93 V, which was competitive to that of Pt/C-JM under the same conditions. Moreover, the assembled Zn-air battery exhibited discharge potential and charge potential of 1.2 V, 2.32 V at 5 mA cm2 with high stability, respectively. Overall, all results illustrated… More > Graphic Abstract

    Facile Preparation of Fe–N–C Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts from Metal Organic Frameworks for Zn-Air Battery

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Review on Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Microbial Fuel Cells

    Pooja Dange1,#, Nishit Savla1,#, Soumya Pandit2,*, Rambabu Bobba3, Sokhee P. Jung4, Piyush Kumar Gupta2, Mohit Sahni5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 665-697, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.015806

    Abstract The focus of microbial fuel cell research in recent years has been on the development of materials, microbes, and transfer of charges in the system, resulting in a substantial improvement in current density and improved power generation. The cathode is generally recognized as the limiting factor due to its high-distance proton transfer, slow oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), and expensive materials. The heterogeneous reaction determines power generation in MFC. This comprehensive review describes-recent advancements in the development of cathode materials and catalysts associated with ORR. The recent studies indicated the utilization of different metal oxides, the ferrite-based catalyst to overcome this… More >

  • Open Access


    Computational Modelling of Thermoelectricity, Carrier Mobility and Electro-Catalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction: a Few Examples

    Swapan K Pati

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 180-180, 2019, DOI:10.32604/icces.2019.05545

    Abstract In recent years, many van der Waals solids, perovskites, spinels etc. exhibit many fold benefits for applications in a number of fields, namely, transparent substrates, field effect transistors, solar cells, thermoelectric materials, active surface for catalysis, rechargeable battery etc, to name a few. In fact, recent experimental advancements on the control over the surface structure of materials has enabled material scientists to tailor the material properties with improved reliability and functionality. We have derived relaxation time formulation from complete Boltzmann transport equation and obtained all the parameters from ab-initio density functional theory. Using this formalism, we have calculated charge carrier… More >

  • Open Access


    First Principles Computations of the Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Solid Metal Clusters

    Cheng-Hung San1, Chuang-Pin Chiu1, Che-Wun Hong1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 167-186, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2011.026.167

    Abstract An improvement in the catalytic process of oxygen reduction reactions is of prime importance for further progress in low temperature fuel cell performance. This paper intends to investigate this problem from a fundamental quantum mechanics viewpoint. For this purpose, a hybrid density functional theory is employed to analyze the catalytic mechanism of the oxygen reduction at the fuel cell cathode. Major steps in the oxygen reduction that include the oxygen adsorption on solid metal clusters (e.g. Cu and Pt) and complete four proton transfer steps are simulated. Proton transfer processes from hydroniums to the adsorbed oxygen molecules to produce water… More >

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