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  • Open Access


    The Spherical q-Linear Diophantine Fuzzy Multiple-Criteria Group Decision-Making Based on Differential Measure

    Huzaira Razzaque1, Shahzaib Ashraf1,*, Muhammad Naeem2, Yu-Ming Chu3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1925-1950, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030030

    Abstract Spherical q-linear Diophantine fuzzy sets (Sq-LDFSs) proved more effective for handling uncertainty and vagueness in multi-criteria decision-making (MADM). It does not only cover the data in two variable parameters but is also beneficial for three parametric data. By Pythagorean fuzzy sets, the difference is calculated only between two parameters (membership and non-membership). According to human thoughts, fuzzy data can be found in three parameters (membership uncertainty, and non-membership). So, to make a compromise decision, comparing Sq-LDFSs is essential. Existing measures of different fuzzy sets do, however, can have several flaws that can lead to counterintuitive results. For instance, they treat… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Systems and Photovoltaic Cells Empowered Topologically by Sudoku Networks

    Khalid Hamid1, Muhammad Waseem Iqbal2, M. Usman Ashraf3, Akber Abid Gardezi4, Shafiq Ahmad5, Mejdal Alqahtani5, Muhammad Shafiq6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4221-4238, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034320

    Abstract A graph invariant is a number that can be easily and uniquely calculated through a graph. Recently, part of mathematical graph invariants has been portrayed and utilized for relationship examination. Nevertheless, no reliable appraisal has been embraced to pick, how much these invariants are associated with a network graph in interconnection networks of various fields of computer science, physics, and chemistry. In this paper, the study talks about sudoku networks will be networks of fractal nature having some applications in computer science like sudoku puzzle game, intelligent systems, Local area network (LAN) development and parallel processors interconnections, music composition creation,… More >

  • Open Access


    Fuzzy Based MPPT and Solar Power Forecasting Using Artificial Intelligence

    G. Geethamahalakshmi1,*, N. Kalaiarasi2, D. Nageswari1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 1667-1685, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022728

    Abstract Solar energy is the radiant heat and light energy harvested by ultra violet rays to convert into electrical Direct Current (DC). The solar energy stood ahead of other renewable energy as it can produce a constant level of alternating current over the year with minimal harmonic distortions. The renewable energy attracts the energy harvesters as there is rise of deficiency of carbon and reduction of efficiency in thermal energy generation. The concerns associated with the solar power generation are the fluctuation in the generated direct current due to the displacement of sun and deviation in the quantity of solar rays… More >

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