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  • Open Access


    Long Noncoding RNA PVT1 Facilitates Cervical Cancer Progression via Negative Regulating of miR-424

    Ya-Li Gao*1, Zi-Shen Zhao†1, Ming-Yun Zhang*, Li-Jie Han*, Yu-Jin Dong, Bo Xu

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.8, pp. 1391-1398, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14881559833562

    Abstract Emerging evidence suggests that the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) gene is involved in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. However, the potential mechanism is rarely reported. Our study found that PVT1 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissue and cell lines. After transfecting PVT1 siRNA, the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cervical cancer cells were markedly decreased. miRNA expression profiles demonstrate that miR-424 was markedly downregulated in cervical cancer tissue. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miR-424 was potentially targeted by PVT1, which was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Pearson’s correlation analysis showed that More >

  • Open Access


    Hydrogen Permeation Characteristics of Pd-Cu Membrane in Plasma Membrane Reactor

    Muhd Hadi Iskandar Abd Razak*, Motoki Tsuda, Yukio Hayakawa, Shinji Kambara

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 259-272, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043615

    Abstract Hydrogen is an alternative energy source that has the potential to replace fossil fuels. One of the hydrogen applications is as a material for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) in fuel cell vehicles. High-purity hydrogen can be obtained using a hydrogen separation membrane to prevent unwanted contaminants from potentially harming the PEMFC components. In this study, we fabricated a plasma membrane reactor and investigated the permeation performance of a hydrogen separation membrane in a plasma membrane reactor utilizing atmospheric pressure plasma. The result showed the hydrogen permeation rate increasing with time as reactor temperature More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Calculation Model and Guidance Law of Non-Contact Plasma Plume De-Tumbling

    Chenhao Zuo1, Hongqian Zhao1, Xiaokui Yue1, Honghua Dai1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09494

    Abstract Dramatically increase of the amount of the failed satellites is posing a serious threat to the normal orbiting satellites. To avoid potential collisions, it is important to remove the failed satellites, and the first step is to detumble these uncontrolled targets. This study proposes an efficient calculation method for the failed satellite de-tumbling system. The plasma plume generated by Hall effect thruster on chaser is used as noncontact de-tumbling medium, which reduces fuel consumption and collision risk [1]. The plasma plume is composed of a variety of particles with strong disorder, so it is difficult… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Plasma Plume Detumbling and Prescribed Performance Control for Tumbling Spacecraft

    Hongqian Zhao1,2, Honghua Dai1,2,*, Xiaokui Yue1,2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09294

    Abstract Detumbling is a crucial first step for on-orbit service and space debris removal. Plume is an efficient medium for failed spacecraft detumbling which can avoid direct contact to ensure the safety of the spacecraft. However, traditional molecular plume may lead to an unaffordable fuel consumption. This paper proposes a novel detumbling strategy by using plasma plume with the popularization of Hall effect thrusters on spacecraft. To overcome the difficulty of real-time calculation in traditional models, a fully analytical plasma plume model is established which can improve the autonomy of the chaser[1]. An optimal detumbling guidance… More >

  • Open Access


    Segment Crack Formation and Density Regulation in Air Plasma Sprayed Coatings

    Liuyu Yang1, Peng Jiang1, Tiejun Wang1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.010538

    Abstract Air Plasma Sprayed (APS) Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs) have been widely used in land-based gas engines for enhancing the high temperature performance due to their outstanding thermal insulation and high durability. Introducing the segment cracks into APS-TBCs to enhance its durability has been quite attractive approaches nowadays. Qualitative conclusions have been drawn to explore the mechanisms on segment crack formation in the past decades. This article acts as a quantitative study of segment crack formation and crack density regulation mechanism in APS Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) TBCs with experimental observations and analytical calculations. An in-situ stress… More >

  • Open Access


    Harnessing Blockchain to Address Plasma Donation Network Challenges

    Shivani Batra1, Mohammad Zubair Khan2,*, Gatish Priyadarshi3, Ayman Noor4, Talal H. Noor5, Namrata Sukhija6, Prakash Srivastava7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 631-646, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039241

    Abstract Plasma therapy is an extensively used treatment for critically unwell patients. For this procedure, a legitimate plasma donor who can continue to supply plasma after healing is needed. However, significant dangers are associated with supply management, such as the ambiguous provenance of plasma and the spread of infected or subpar blood into medicinal fabrication. Also, from an ideological standpoint, less powerful people may be exploited throughout the contribution process. Moreover, there is a danger to the logistics system because there are now just some plasma shippers. This research intends to investigate the blockchain-based solution for More >

  • Open Access


    New Soliton Wave Solutions to a Nonlinear Equation Arising in Plasma Physics

    M. B. Almatrafi, Abdulghani Alharbi*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 827-841, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027344

    Abstract The extraction of traveling wave solutions for nonlinear evolution equations is a challenge in various mathematics, physics, and engineering disciplines. This article intends to analyze several traveling wave solutions for the modified regularized long-wave (MRLW) equation using several approaches, namely, the generalized algebraic method, the Jacobian elliptic functions technique, and the improved Q-expansion strategy. We successfully obtain analytical solutions consisting of rational, trigonometric, and hyperbolic structures. The adaptive moving mesh technique is applied to approximate the numerical solution of the proposed equation. The adaptive moving mesh method evenly distributes the points on the high error areas. More >

  • Open Access


    Calcitriol induces post-thawed bovine sperm capacitation


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.5, pp. 1135-1143, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027628

    Abstract Background: Capacitation is a set of physiological changes sperms undergo to acquire fertilizing capacity. In vivo, this process is directly associated with high calcium levels in sperm cytoplasm. Calcitriol, the vitamin D hypercalcemic metabolite, is related to human sperm motility, capacitation, and acrosome reaction. This work aimed to study the effect of calcitriol on bull sperm quality parameters and capacitation. Methods: One million freeze-thawed spermatozoa were obtained from different bulls and treated with 20 nM of calcitriol for 30 min. Untreated cells (negative control) and treated ones with calcitriol or heparin (100 µg/mL, positive capacitation control) were… More >

  • Open Access


    Low-Temperature Synthesis of Nano-AlN Based on Solid Nitrogen Source by Plasma-Assisted Ball Milling

    Zhuoli Yang1, Xianbin Hou2, Leyang Dai2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2941-2951, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025723

    Abstract Plasma-assisted ball milling was carried out on the Al+C3H6N6 system and Al+C4H4N4 system, respectively. The phase structure, functional groups and synthesis mechanism were analyzed by XRD and FT-IR, and the differences in the synthesis process of nano-AlN with different solid nitrogen sources were discussed. The results show that C3H6N6 has a stable triazine ring structure, and its chemical bond is firm and difficult to break, so AlN cannot be synthesized directly by solid-solid reaction at room temperature. However, there are a large number of nitrile groups (-CN) and amino groups (-NH2) in C4H4N4 molecules. Under the combined… More >

  • Open Access


    Subcellular Distribution and Chemical Forms of Cadmium in the Medicine Food Homology Plant Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A.DC.

    Jia An#, Xiang Wang#, Yajiang Jing, Jianping Huang, Qilong Wang, Gang Zhang, Jing Gao, Liang Peng, Wenli Huang*, Yonggang Yan*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1405-1420, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026525

    Abstract Although Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A.DC. is a renowned medicine food homology plant, reports of excessive cadmium (Cd) levels are common, which affects its safety for clinical use and food consumption. To enable its Cd levels to be regulated or reduced, it is necessary to first elucidate the mechanism of Cd uptake and accumulation in the plant, in addition to its detoxification mechanisms. This present study used inductively couple plasma-mass-spectrometry to analyze the subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Cd in different tissues of P. grandiflorum. The experimental results showed that Cd was mainly accumulated in the roots… More >

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