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  • Open Access


    Elicitation-Based Modulation of Shelf Life in Fruits: Physiological and Molecular Insights

    Ankita Kundu1, Abir Das1, Sayan Pal1, Arijit Ghosh1, Malay Kumar Adak1,*, Masayuki Fujita2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2283-2300, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028178

    Abstract The process of ripening involves physiological and biochemical events that become a concern during postharvest storage. We have documented different approaches for the preservation and maintenance of fruit quality during the postharvest period that are biocompatible and fully safe for consumption. Chemical residues that sustain sensory characteristics, such as color, flavor, aroma, and texture, are considered. In fruit ripening, both physical and chemical elicitors are described that regulate ethylene biosynthesis or its signaling for gene expression. The key regulatory enzymes, such as ACC synthase and ACC oxidase, for ethylene biosynthesis, are important for both climacteric… More >

  • Open Access


    The Potential Efficacy of Glycyrrhizic Acid and Its Nanostructure Against Brown Rot of Peach fruits

    Tahsin Shoala1, Basma H. Amin2, Ismail A. S. Rashid3, Fayz A. Abdel-Rahman3, Mohamed E. Khalil3, Khamis Youssef3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1139-1152, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026515

    Abstract Production of peaches (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) for both local market and export is increasing each year in Egypt. Brown rot disease, caused by Monilinia laxa and Monilinia fructigena, is considered one of the most important postharvest rots affecting peaches in Egypt and economic losses are increasing. Antifungal activity of glycyrrhizic acid nanoparticles (GA-NPs) and glycyrrhizic acid (GA) at 0.2 and 0.4 mmol/L was investigated as a control for both these brown rot pathogens on peach fruits in both in vitro and in vivo studies. In the in vitro studies, GA-NPs were the most effective as shown by the ability to… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of two forms of silicon and their impact on the postharvest and the content of bioactive compounds in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruits


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.11, pp. 2497-2506, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.021861

    Abstract The metabolic activity of the fruits continues even after harvest, which results in the loss of bioactive compounds, a decrease in the quality of the fruits, softening and browning, among other negative effects. The use of certain elements such as silicon can improve postharvest quality, since it is involved in the metabolic, physiological and structural activity of plants, moreover can increase the quality of the fruits. In addition, nanotechnology has had a positive impact on crop yield, nutritional value, fruit quality and can improve antioxidant activity. For these reasons, the use of beneficial elements such… More >

  • Open Access


    Nanotechnology-Based Advancements in Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops

    Tarun Kumar Upadhyay1,*, V. S. Varun Kumar2, Amit Baran Sharangi3, Vijay J. Upadhye1, Fahad Khan4, Pratibha Pandey4, Mohammad Amjad Kamal5,6,7, Abrar Yasin Baba8 and Khalid Rehman Hakeem9,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.3, pp. 471-487, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.017258

    Abstract Horticulture is a branch of Agricultural science where it is defined as the science and art of cultivating and handling fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants and several plants having unique medicinal and aromatic values. Horticultural crops provide farmers with high income and have good export quality, but they have a concern about postharvest losses. Hence, increasing productivity and decreasing post-harvest losses by using scientific studies and techniques like biotechnology and nanotechnology could be the simplest possible solution to the above-mentioned problems. Using nanotechnology which is having the characteristics of nanoparticles is proven to be very useful… More >

  • Open Access


    In vitro evaluation of antifungal activity of Agave (Agave scabra, Salm Dyck) extracts against post-harvest mushrooms

    González-Álvarez M, S Moreno-Limón*, SM Salcedo-Martínez, EC Pérez-Rodríguez

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.84, No.2, pp. 427-434, 2015, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2015.84.427

    Abstract The agricultural sector, and particularly the horticultural production, has a singular importance in agriculture, considering that it ranks second on agricultural products, nationally and worldwide. Fungal diseases are one of the major causes of vegetable loss during storage, reducing their nutritional value, quality and sale price. Vegetables are usually exposed to diverse treatments with chemical products before storage; as a result, fungal populations develop an increased resistance over time becoming more difficult to control. Because of this, research efforts toward finding more suitable chemicals to control fungal diseases are needed. Natural extracts may be an… More >

  • Open Access


    Extension of postharvest shelf-life of tomato fruits using biocompatible synthetic latex

    Ramos G1, RH Lira1, RD Peralta2, GY Cortez2, A Cárdenas1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 139-143, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.139

    Abstract Tomato fruits are perishable products that require treatments such as coating films to extend their shelf life. Because of this and to avoid use of synthetic chemicals to prevent physical deterioration during postharvest, we evaluated the effects of an edible coating polymer latex poly (vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol), P (VAc-co-VA), at three concentrations (0, 50 and 100%) in tomato fruits. The trial was conducted at room temperature conditions (31 ± 4 °C; with RH of 30 ± 5%) and temperature-controlled (12 ± 1 °C; with RH of 75 ± 5%). Fruits coated with P (VAc-co-VA) at More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of methodologies for the study of composition and biochemical carbohydrate changes in harvest and postharvest onion bulbs

    Abrameto MA, CM Pozzo Ardizzi, MI Gil, LM Molina

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.79, pp. 123-132, 2010, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2010.79.123

    Abstract Costly investments in storage and transport of onion bulbs makes it increasingly important to identify cultivars with the best chance of long-term storage. This paper discusses our own and other researchers’ results and laboratory procedures on onion’s pungency, soluble solids, dry matter, respiration rate, carbohydrates and catabolism-related enzymes under different storage conditions. The variability in parameters such as carbohydrate composition, pungency, soluble solids and soluble uronic acid concentration in water is growth dependent, and defines the quality of onion bulbs at harvest time. During storage, these parameters can be modified by environmental conditions, presence of More >

  • Open Access


    Calcium content on apple fruit influences the severity of Penicillium expansum

    Guerrero-Prieto VM1, DI Berlanga-Reyes2, JL Jacobo-Cuellar1, C Guigón-Lopez3, DL Ojeda-Barrios4, GD Ávila-Quezada4, A Núñez-Barrios4, OA Hernández-Rodríguez4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.86, pp. 74-78, 2017, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2017.86.074

    Abstract Calcium content and damage severity of Penicillium expansum because of its high concentration on “Red Delicious” postharvest apples were evaluated during the 2012-2013 winter in Cuauhtemoc, Chih. Mexico. Fruit weight, diameter, total soluble solids, pulp firmness and starch index were also determined. Penicillium expansum was inoculated into two wounds of eight mm diameter and 10 mm depth, on a total of 20 apple fruits per treatment. The inoculum was 0.2 mL of a suspension containing 1×108 conidia/mL. After inoculation, apple fruit was stored at 0 °C and 90% relative humidity during five weeks. Treatments were: apple fruit with More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of gibberellic acid on postharvest of sunflower and its potassium fertilization in alkaline soil

    Díaz-López E1, A Morales-Ruíz1, A Olivar-Hernández1, HR Bravo-Delgado2, JM Loeza-Corte3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.87, pp. 18-24, 2018, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2018.87.018

    Abstract Sunflower is a crop that is used as ornamental, oleaginous, forage, and currently as a bioremediation plant, of hard water affected soils. For this reason, the main objective of this investigation was to study the effect of potassium fertilization on yield under field conditions, and the effect of gibberellic acid (GA3), at postharvest of inflorescences. Two experiments were established, under field and laboratory conditions. In the field experiment, four levels of potassium, 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg/ha were evaluated, under a randomized complete block design and four replicates (4×4) = 16 experimental units. The variables… More >

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