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  • Open Access


    Hybrid Power Bank Deployment Model for Energy Supply Coverage Optimization in Industrial Wireless Sensor Network

    Hang Yang1,2,*, Xunbo Li1, Witold Pedrycz2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1531-1551, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039256

    Abstract Energy supply is one of the most critical challenges of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs). While research on coverage optimization problem (COP) centers on the network’s monitoring coverage, this research focuses on the power banks’ energy supply coverage. The study of 2-D and 3-D spaces is typical in IWSN, with the realistic environment being more complex with obstacles (i.e., machines). A 3-D surface is the field of interest (FOI) in this work with the established hybrid power bank deployment model for the energy supply COP optimization of IWSN. The hybrid power bank deployment model is… More >

  • Open Access



    Le Anh Duca , Nguyen Haya, Pham Van Kienb,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, pp. 1-7, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.44

    Abstract This study determined the most appropriate thin layer drying model, the effective moisture diffusivity and the activation energy of moisture within Ganoderma lucidum in radio frequency (RF) assisted heat pump drying method. The thin layer drying experiments were conducted with input drying parameters such as: drying temperature of 40, 45 and 50°C and RF power of 0.65, 1.3 and 1.95 kW. In order to select a suitable form of drying curve, seven different thin layer drying models (Lewis, Page, Modified Page, Henderson and Pabis, Verma, Midilli, and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental data. The Verma model was… More >

  • Open Access


    Graphene-Based RFID Tag Antenna for Vehicular Smart Border Passings

    Prach Asavanarakul, Amnoiy Ruengwaree*, Suwat Sakulchat

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4737-4748, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023743

    Abstract Globalization has opened practically every country in the globe to tourism and commerce today. In every region, the volume of vehicles traveling through border crossings has increased significantly. Smartcards and radio frequency identification (RFID) have been proposed as a new method of identifying and authenticating passengers, products, and vehicles. However, the usage of smartcards and RFID tag cards for vehicular border crossings continues to suffer security and flexibility challenges. Providing a vehicle's driver a smartcard or RFID tag card may result in theft, loss, counterfeit, imitation, or vehicle transmutation. RFID sticker tags would replace RFID tags as vehicle border passes… More >

  • Open Access


    Automated Identification Algorithm Using CNN for Computer Vision in Smart Refrigerators

    Pulkit Jain1, Paras Chawla1, Mehedi Masud2,*, Shubham Mahajan3, Amit Kant Pandit3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3337-3353, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023053

    Abstract Machine Learning has evolved with a variety of algorithms to enable state-of-the-art computer vision applications. In particular the need for automating the process of real-time food item identification, there is a huge surge of research so as to make smarter refrigerators. According to a survey by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), it has been found that 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted by consumers around the world due to either food spoilage or expiry and a large amount of food is wasted from homes and restaurants itself. Smart refrigerators have been very successful in… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Low-Complexity Algorithm in 5G Massive MIMO Systems

    Adeeb Salh1, Lukman Audah1,*, Qazwan Abdullah1, Nor Shahida M. Shah2, Shipun A. Hamzah1, Shahilah Nordin3, Nabil Farah2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3189-3214, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014746

    Abstract Energy efficiency (EE) is a critical design when taking into account circuit power consumption (CPC) in fifth-generation cellular networks. These problems arise because of the increasing number of antennas in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, attributable to inter-cell interference for channel state information. Apart from that, a higher number of radio frequency (RF) chains at the base station and active users consume more power due to the processing activities in digital-to-analogue converters and power amplifiers. Therefore, antenna selection, user selection, optimal transmission power, and pilot reuse power are important aspects in improving energy efficiency in massive MIMO systems. This work… More >

  • Open Access


    A Physical Layer Network Coding Based Tag Anti-Collision Algorithm for RFID System

    Cuixiang Wang1, Xing Shao1,2,3,*, Yifan Meng4, Jun Gao1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 931-945, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012267

    Abstract In RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) system, when multiple tags are in the operating range of one reader and send their information to the reader simultaneously, the signals of these tags are superimposed in the air, which results in a collision and leads to the degrading of tags identifying efficiency. To improve the multiple tags’ identifying efficiency due to collision, a physical layer network coding based binary search tree algorithm (PNBA) is proposed in this paper. PNBA pushes the conflicting signal information of multiple tags into a stack, which is discarded by the traditional anti-collision algorithm. In addition, physical layer network… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Ensemble Learning Algorithm Based on D-S Evidence Theory for IoT Security

    Changting Shi1, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.57, No.3, pp. 635-652, 2018, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2018.03754

    Abstract In the last decade, IoT has been widely used in smart cities, autonomous driving and Industry 4.0, which lead to improve efficiency, reliability, security and economic benefits. However, with the rapid development of new technologies, such as cognitive communication, cloud computing, quantum computing and big data, the IoT security is being confronted with a series of new threats and challenges. IoT device identification via Radio Frequency Fingerprinting (RFF) extracting from radio signals is a physical-layer method for IoT security. In physical-layer, RFF is a unique characteristic of IoT device themselves, which can difficultly be tampered. Just as people’s unique fingerprinting,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Time-aware Frame Adjustment Strategy for RFID Anti-collision

    Haipeng Chen1, Kexiong Liu2, Chunyang Ma3, Yu Han4, Jian Su5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 195-204, 2018, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2018.03592

    Abstract Recently, object identification with radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is becoming increasingly popular. Identification time is a key performance metric to evaluate the RFID system. The present paper analyzes the deficiencies of the state-of-the-arts algorithms and proposes a novel sub-frame-based algorithm with adaptive frame breaking policy to lower the tag identification time for EPC global C1 Gen2 UHF RFID standard. Through the observation of slot statistics in a sub-frame, the reader estimates the tag quantity and efficiently calculates an optimal frame size to fit the unread tags. Only when the expected average identification time in the calculated frame size is… More >

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