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Search Results (103)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Machine Learning For Prediction Dental Material Wear

    ABHIJEET SURYAWANSHI1, NIRANJANA BEHERA2,*

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 305-316, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.11

    Abstract Resin composites are commonly applied as the material for dental restoration. Wear of these materials is a major issue. In this study specimens made of dental composite materials were subjected to an in-vitro test in a pin-on-disc tribometer. Four different dental composite materials applied in the experiment were soaked in a solution of chewing tobacco for certain days before being removed and put through a wear test. Subsequently, four different machine learning (ML) algorithms (AdaBoost, CatBoost, Gradient Boosting, Random Forest) were implemented for developing models for the prediction of wear of dental materials. AdaBoost, CatBoost, Gradient Boosting and Random Forest… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving Thyroid Disorder Diagnosis via Ensemble Stacking and Bidirectional Feature Selection

    Muhammad Armghan Latif1, Zohaib Mushtaq2, Saad Arif3, Sara Rehman4, Muhammad Farrukh Qureshi5, Nagwan Abdel Samee6, Maali Alabdulhafith6,*, Yeong Hyeon Gu7, Mohammed A. Al-masni7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4225-4241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047621

    Abstract Thyroid disorders represent a significant global health challenge with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism as two common conditions arising from dysfunction in the thyroid gland. Accurate and timely diagnosis of these disorders is crucial for effective treatment and patient care. This research introduces a comprehensive approach to improve the accuracy of thyroid disorder diagnosis through the integration of ensemble stacking and advanced feature selection techniques. Sequential forward feature selection, sequential backward feature elimination, and bidirectional feature elimination are investigated in this study. In ensemble learning, random forest, adaptive boosting, and bagging classifiers are employed. The effectiveness of these techniques is evaluated using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Based Classification of Rotten Fruits and Identification of Shelf Life

    S. Sofana Reka1, Ankita Bagelikar2, Prakash Venugopal2,*, V. Ravi2, Harimurugan Devarajan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 781-794, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043369

    Abstract The freshness of fruits is considered to be one of the essential characteristics for consumers in determining their quality, flavor and nutritional value. The primary need for identifying rotten fruits is to ensure that only fresh and high-quality fruits are sold to consumers. The impact of rotten fruits can foster harmful bacteria, molds and other microorganisms that can cause food poisoning and other illnesses to the consumers. The overall purpose of the study is to classify rotten fruits, which can affect the taste, texture, and appearance of other fresh fruits, thereby reducing their shelf life. The agriculture and food industries… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting the International Roughness Index of JPCP and CRCP Rigid Pavement: A Random Forest (RF) Model Hybridized with Modified Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) for Higher Accuracy

    Zhou Ji1, Mengmeng Zhou2, Qiang Wang2, Jiandong Huang3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1557-1582, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046025

    Abstract To improve the prediction accuracy of the International Roughness Index (IRI) of Jointed Plain Concrete Pavements (JPCP) and Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements (CRCP), a machine learning approach is developed in this study for the modelling, combining an improved Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) algorithm and Random Forest (RF) model. The 10-fold cross-validation was applied to verify the reliability and accuracy of the model proposed in this study. The importance scores of all input variables on the IRI of JPCP and CRCP were analysed as well. The results by the comparative analysis showed the prediction accuracy of the IRI of the newly… More > Graphic Abstract

    Predicting the International Roughness Index of JPCP and CRCP Rigid Pavement: A Random Forest (RF) Model Hybridized with Modified Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) for Higher Accuracy

  • Open Access

    CORRECTION

    Correction: Prediction of Alzheimer’s Using Random Forest with Radiomic Features

    Anuj Singh*, Raman Kumar, Arvind Kumar Tiwari

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 269-269, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.047533

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Method for Diagnosis of Leukemia Utilizing a Hybrid DL-ML Approach for Binary and Multi-Class Classification on a Limited-Sized Database

    Nilkanth Mukund Deshpande1,2, Shilpa Gite3,4,*, Biswajeet Pradhan5,6, Abdullah Alamri7, Chang-Wook Lee8,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 593-631, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030704

    Abstract Infection of leukemia in humans causes many complications in its later stages. It impairs bone marrow’s ability to produce blood. Morphological diagnosis of human blood cells is a well-known and well-proven technique for diagnosis in this case. The binary classification is employed to distinguish between normal and leukemia-infected cells. In addition, various subtypes of leukemia require different treatments. These sub-classes must also be detected to obtain an accurate diagnosis of the type of leukemia. This entails using multi-class classification to determine the leukemia subtype. This is usually done using a microscopic examination of these blood cells. Due to the requirement… More > Graphic Abstract

    A New Method for Diagnosis of Leukemia Utilizing a Hybrid DL-ML Approach for Binary and Multi-Class Classification on a Limited-Sized Database

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Polo-like kinase 1 as a biomarker predicts the prognosis and immunotherapy of breast invasive carcinoma patients

    JUAN SHEN1,#, WEIYU ZHANG2,3,#, QINQIN JIN2,3,#, FUYU GONG4,#, HEPING ZHANG5, HONGLIANG XU5, JIEJIE LI2,3, HUI YAO2,3, XIYA JIANG2,3, YINTING YANG2,3, LIN HONG2,3, JIE MEI2,3, YANG SONG6,*, SHUGUANG ZHOU2,3,7,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 339-351, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030887

    Abstract Background: Invasive breast carcinoma (BRCA) is associated with poor prognosis and high risk of mortality. Therefore, it is critical to identify novel biomarkers for the prognostic assessment of BRCA. Methods: The expression data of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in BRCA and the corresponding clinical information were extracted from TCGA and GEO databases. PLK1 expression was validated in diverse breast cancer cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. Single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was performed to evaluate immune infiltration in the BRCA microenvironment, and the random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Optimized System of Random Forest Model by Global Harmony Search with Generalized Opposition-Based Learning for Forecasting TBM Advance Rate

    Yingui Qiu1, Shuai Huang1, Danial Jahed Armaghani2, Biswajeet Pradhan3, Annan Zhou4, Jian Zhou1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2873-2897, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029938

    Abstract As massive underground projects have become popular in dense urban cities, a problem has arisen: which model predicts the best for Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) performance in these tunneling projects? However, performance level of TBMs in complex geological conditions is still a great challenge for practitioners and researchers. On the other hand, a reliable and accurate prediction of TBM performance is essential to planning an applicable tunnel construction schedule. The performance of TBM is very difficult to estimate due to various geotechnical and geological factors and machine specifications. The previously-proposed intelligent techniques in this field are mostly based on a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electroencephalography (EEG) Based Neonatal Sleep Staging and Detection Using Various Classification Algorithms

    Hafza Ayesha Siddiqa1, Muhammad Irfan1, Saadullah Farooq Abbasi2,*, Wei Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1759-1778, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041970

    Abstract Automatic sleep staging of neonates is essential for monitoring their brain development and maturity of the nervous system. EEG based neonatal sleep staging provides valuable information about an infant’s growth and health, but is challenging due to the unique characteristics of EEG and lack of standardized protocols. This study aims to develop and compare 18 machine learning models using Automated Machine Learning (autoML) technique for accurate and reliable multi-channel EEG-based neonatal sleep-wake classification. The study investigates autoML feasibility without extensive manual selection of features or hyperparameter tuning. The data is obtained from neonates at post-menstrual age 37 ± 05 weeks.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder by Imperialistic Competitive Algorithm and Logistic Regression Classifier

    Shabana R. Ziyad1,*, Liyakathunisa2, Eman Aljohani2, I. A. Saeed3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1515-1534, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040874

    Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), classified as a developmental disability, is now more common in children than ever. A drastic increase in the rate of autism spectrum disorder in children worldwide demands early detection of autism in children. Parents can seek professional help for a better prognosis of the child’s therapy when ASD is diagnosed under five years. This research study aims to develop an automated tool for diagnosing autism in children. The computer-aided diagnosis tool for ASD detection is designed and developed by a novel methodology that includes data acquisition, feature selection, and classification phases. The most deterministic features are… More >

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