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  • Open Access


    Prospect Theory Based Individual Irrationality Modelling and Behavior Inducement in Pandemic Control

    Wenxiang Dong, H. Vicky Zhao*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 139-170, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047156

    Abstract Understanding and modeling individuals’ behaviors during epidemics is crucial for effective epidemic control. However, existing research ignores the impact of users’ irrationality on decision-making in the epidemic. Meanwhile, existing disease control methods often assume users’ full compliance with measures like mandatory isolation, which does not align with the actual situation. To address these issues, this paper proposes a prospect theory-based framework to model users’ decision-making process in epidemics and analyzes how irrationality affects individuals’ behaviors and epidemic dynamics. According to the analysis results, irrationality tends to prompt conservative behaviors when the infection risk is low More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling Habit Patterns Using Conditional Reflexes in Agency

    Qura-Tul-Ain Khan1, Taher M. Ghazal2,3, Sagheer Abbas1, Wasim Ahmad Khan1, Muhammad Adnan Khan5,6, Raed A. Said4, Munir Ahmad1, Muhammad Asif1,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 539-552, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.018888

    Abstract For decision-making and behavior dynamics in humans, the principal focus is on cognition. Cognition can be described using cognitive behavior, which has multiple states. This cognitive behavior can be incorporated with one of the internal mental states’ help, which includes desires, beliefs, emotions, intentions, different levels of knowledge, goals, skills, etc. That leads to habit development. Habits are highly refined patterns formed in the unconscious that evolve from conscious skill patterns in the human, and the same process can be implemented in the agency. These habit patterns are the outcomes of many internal values that… More >

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