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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comprehensive Analysis of Gender Classification Accuracy across Varied Geographic Regions through the Application of Deep Learning Algorithms to Speech Signals

    Abhishek Singhal*, Devendra Kumar Sharma

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 609-625, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.046730

    Abstract This article presents an exhaustive comparative investigation into the accuracy of gender identification across diverse geographical regions, employing a deep learning classification algorithm for speech signal analysis. In this study, speech samples are categorized for both training and testing purposes based on their geographical origin. Category 1 comprises speech samples from speakers outside of India, whereas Category 2 comprises live-recorded speech samples from Indian speakers. Testing speech samples are likewise classified into four distinct sets, taking into consideration both geographical origin and the language spoken by the speakers. Significantly, the results indicate a noticeable difference… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Malware Attacks Detection in IoT Using Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)

    Abeer Abdullah Alsadhan1, Abdullah A. Al-Atawi2, Hanen karamti3, Abid Jameel4, Islam Zada5, Tan N. Nguyen6,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 135-155, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041130

    Abstract IoT (Internet of Things) devices are being used more and more in a variety of businesses and for a variety of tasks, such as environmental data collection in both civilian and military situations. They are a desirable attack target for malware intended to infect specific IoT devices due to their growing use in a variety of applications and their increasing computational and processing power. In this study, we investigate the possibility of detecting IoT malware using recurrent neural networks (RNNs). RNN is used in the proposed method to investigate the execution operation codes of ARM-based More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sentiment Analysis of Low-Resource Language Literature Using Data Processing and Deep Learning

    Aizaz Ali1, Maqbool Khan1,2, Khalil Khan3, Rehan Ullah Khan4, Abdulrahman Aloraini4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 713-733, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048712

    Abstract Sentiment analysis, a crucial task in discerning emotional tones within the text, plays a pivotal role in understanding public opinion and user sentiment across diverse languages. While numerous scholars conduct sentiment analysis in widely spoken languages such as English, Chinese, Arabic, Roman Arabic, and more, we come to grappling with resource-poor languages like Urdu literature which becomes a challenge. Urdu is a uniquely crafted language, characterized by a script that amalgamates elements from diverse languages, including Arabic, Parsi, Pashtu, Turkish, Punjabi, Saraiki, and more. As Urdu literature, characterized by distinct character sets and linguistic features,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Secrecy Outage Probability Minimization in Wireless-Powered Communications Using an Improved Biogeography-Based Optimization-Inspired Recurrent Neural Network

    Mohammad Mehdi Sharifi Nevisi1, Elnaz Bashir2, Diego Martín3,*, Seyedkian Rezvanjou4, Farzaneh Shoushtari5, Ehsan Ghafourian2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3971-3991, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047875

    Abstract This paper focuses on wireless-powered communication systems, which are increasingly relevant in the Internet of Things (IoT) due to their ability to extend the operational lifetime of devices with limited energy. The main contribution of the paper is a novel approach to minimize the secrecy outage probability (SOP) in these systems. Minimizing SOP is crucial for maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of data, especially in situations where the transmission of sensitive data is critical. Our proposed method harnesses the power of an improved biogeography-based optimization (IBBO) to effectively train a recurrent neural network (RNN). The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automated Machine Learning Algorithm Using Recurrent Neural Network to Perform Long-Term Time Series Forecasting

    Ying Su1, Morgan C. Wang1, Shuai Liu2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3529-3549, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047189

    Abstract Long-term time series forecasting stands as a crucial research domain within the realm of automated machine learning (AutoML). At present, forecasting, whether rooted in machine learning or statistical learning, typically relies on expert input and necessitates substantial manual involvement. This manual effort spans model development, feature engineering, hyper-parameter tuning, and the intricate construction of time series models. The complexity of these tasks renders complete automation unfeasible, as they inherently demand human intervention at multiple junctures. To surmount these challenges, this article proposes leveraging Long Short-Term Memory, which is the variant of Recurrent Neural Networks, harnessing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Eccentric Intrusion Detection Model Based on Recurrent Neural Networks with Leveraging LSTM

    Navaneetha Krishnan Muthunambu1, Senthil Prabakaran2, Balasubramanian Prabhu Kavin3, Kishore Senthil Siruvangur4, Kavitha Chinnadurai1, Jehad Ali5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3089-3127, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043172

    Abstract The extensive utilization of the Internet in everyday life can be attributed to the substantial accessibility of online services and the growing significance of the data transmitted via the Internet. Regrettably, this development has expanded the potential targets that hackers might exploit. Without adequate safeguards, data transmitted on the internet is significantly more susceptible to unauthorized access, theft, or alteration. The identification of unauthorised access attempts is a critical component of cybersecurity as it aids in the detection and prevention of malicious attacks. This research paper introduces a novel intrusion detection framework that utilizes Recurrent… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fake News Classification: Past, Current, and Future

    Muhammad Usman Ghani Khan1, Abid Mehmood2, Mourad Elhadef2, Shehzad Ashraf Chaudhry2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2225-2249, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038303

    Abstract The proliferation of deluding data such as fake news and phony audits on news web journals, online publications, and internet business apps has been aided by the availability of the web, cell phones, and social media. Individuals can quickly fabricate comments and news on social media. The most difficult challenge is determining which news is real or fake. Accordingly, tracking down programmed techniques to recognize fake news online is imperative. With an emphasis on false news, this study presents the evolution of artificial intelligence techniques for detecting spurious social media content. This study shows past,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Soil NOx Emission Prediction via Recurrent Neural Networks

    Zhaoan Wang1, Shaoping Xiao1,*, Cheryl Reuben2, Qiyu Wang2, Jun Wang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 285-297, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044366

    Abstract This paper presents designing sequence-to-sequence recurrent neural network (RNN) architectures for a novel study to predict soil NOx emissions, driven by the imperative of understanding and mitigating environmental impact. The study utilizes data collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop two distinct RNN predictive models: one built upon the long-short term memory (LSTM) and the other utilizing the gated recurrent unit (GRU). These models are fed with a combination of historical and anticipated air temperature, air moisture, and NOx emissions as inputs to forecast future NOx emissions. Both LSTM and GRU models can… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Deep Learning Applied to Computational Mechanics: A Comprehensive Review, State of the Art, and the Classics

    Loc Vu-Quoc1,*, Alexander Humer2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1069-1343, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028130

    Abstract Three recent breakthroughs due to AI in arts and science serve as motivation: An award winning digital image, protein folding, fast matrix multiplication. Many recent developments in artificial neural networks, particularly deep learning (DL), applied and relevant to computational mechanics (solid, fluids, finite-element technology) are reviewed in detail. Both hybrid and pure machine learning (ML) methods are discussed. Hybrid methods combine traditional PDE discretizations with ML methods either (1) to help model complex nonlinear constitutive relations, (2) to nonlinearly reduce the model order for efficient simulation (turbulence), or (3) to accelerate the simulation by predicting… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Detection of Alzheimer’s Disease Progression Using Integrated Deep Learning Approaches

    Jayashree Shetty1, Nisha P. Shetty1,*, Hrushikesh Kothikar1, Saleh Mowla1, Aiswarya Anand1, Veeraj Hegde2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1345-1362, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039206

    Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an intensifying disorder that causes brain cells to degenerate early and destruct. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is one of the early signs of AD that interferes with people’s regular functioning and daily activities. The proposed work includes a deep learning approach with a multimodal recurrent neural network (RNN) to predict whether MCI leads to Alzheimer’s or not. The gated recurrent unit (GRU) RNN classifier is trained using individual and correlated features. Feature vectors are concatenated based on their correlation strength to improve prediction results. The feature vectors generated are given as… More >

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