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  • Open Access


    Efficient Routing Protocol with Localization Based Priority & Congestion Control for UWSN

    S. Sandhiyaa*, C. Gomathy

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 4747-4768, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032298

    Abstract The nodes in the sensor network have a wide range of uses, particularly on under-sea links that are skilled for detecting, handling as well as management. The underwater wireless sensor networks support collecting pollution data, mine survey, oceanographic information collection, aided navigation, strategic surveillance, and collection of ocean samples using detectors that are submerged in water. Localization, congestion routing, and prioritizing the traffic is the major issue in an underwater sensor network. Our scheme differentiates the different types of traffic and gives every type of traffic its requirements which is considered regarding network resource. Minimization… More >

  • Open Access


    Differential Evolution with Arithmetic Optimization Algorithm Enabled Multi-Hop Routing Protocol

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,*, Haya Mesfer Alshahrani2, Sami Dhahbi3, Mohamed K Nour4, Mesfer Al Duhayyim5, ElSayed M. Tag El Din6, Ishfaq Yaseen1, Abdelwahed Motwakel1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1759-1773, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030581

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) has evolved into a key technology for ubiquitous living and the domain of interest has remained active in research owing to its extensive range of applications. In spite of this, it is challenging to design energy-efficient WSN. The routing approaches are leveraged to reduce the utilization of energy and prolonging the lifespan of network. In order to solve the restricted energy problem, it is essential to reduce the energy utilization of data, transmitted from the routing protocol and improve network development. In this background, the current study proposes a novel Differential… More >

  • Open Access


    Combined Linear Multi-Model for Reliable Route Recommender in Next Generation Network

    S. Kalavathi1,*, R. Nedunchelian2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 39-56, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031522

    Abstract Network analysis is a promising field in the area of network applications as different types of traffic grow enormously and exponentially. Reliable route prediction is a challenging task in the Large Scale Networks (LSN). Various non-self-learning and self-learning approaches have been adopted to predict reliable routing. Routing protocols decide how to send all the packets from source to the destination addresses across the network through their IP. In the current era, dynamic protocols are preferred as they network self-learning internally using an algorithm and may not entail being updated physically more than the static protocols.… More >

  • Open Access


    Honey Badger Algorithm Based Clustering with Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    K. Arutchelvan1, R. Sathiya Priya1,*, C. Bhuvaneswari2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 3199-3212, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029804

    Abstract Wireless sensor network (WSN) includes a set of self-organizing and homogenous nodes employed for data collection and tracking applications. It comprises a massive set of nodes with restricted energy and processing abilities. Energy dissipation is a major concern involved in the design of WSN. Clustering and routing protocols are considered effective ways to reduce the quantity of energy dissipation using metaheuristic algorithms. In order to design an energy aware cluster-based route planning scheme, this study introduces a novel Honey Badger Based Clustering with African Vulture Optimization based Routing (HBAC-AVOR) protocol for WSN. The presented HBAC-AVOR… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Rat Swarm Based Multihop Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    H. Manikandan1,*, D. Narasimhan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 2925-2939, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029754

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) encompass a massive set of sensor nodes, which are self-configurable, inexpensive, and compact. The sensor nodes undergo random deployment in the target area and transmit data to base station using inbuilt transceiver. For reducing energy consumption and lengthen lifetime of WSN, multihop routing protocols can be designed. This study develops an improved rat swarm optimization based energy aware multi-hop routing (IRSO-EAMHR) protocol for WSN. An important intention of the IRSO-EAMHR method is for determining optimal routes to base station (BS) in the clustered WSN. Primarily, a weighted clustering process is performed More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Networks Using Ant Colony Optimization with Game Theory Clustering

    Harish Gunigari1,*, S. Chitra2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 3557-3571, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029155

    Abstract Real-time applications based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technologies quickly lead to the growth of an intelligent environment. Sensor nodes play an essential role in distributing information from networking and its transfer to the sinks. The ability of dynamical technologies and related techniques to be aided by data collection and analysis across the Internet of Things (IoT) network is widely recognized. Sensor nodes are low-power devices with low power devices, storage, and quantitative processing capabilities. The existing system uses the Artificial Immune System-Particle Swarm Optimization method to minimize the energy and improve the network’s lifespan.… More >

  • Open Access


    BE-RPL: Balanced-load and Energy-efficient RPL

    S. Jagir Hussain*, M. Roopa

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 785-801, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030393

    Abstract Internet of Things (IoT) empowers imaginative applications and permits new services when mobile nodes are included. For IoT-enabled low-power and lossy networks (LLN), the Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) has become an established standard routing protocol. Mobility under standard RPL remains a difficult issue as it causes continuous path disturbance, energy loss, and increases the end-to-end delay in the network. In this unique circumstance, a Balanced-load and Energy-efficient RPL (BE-RPL) is proposed. It is a routing technique that is both energy-efficient and mobility-aware. It responds quicker to link breakage through received signal More >

  • Open Access


    Data Reliability and Sensors Lifetime in Bridge Health Monitoring using LoRaWAN-Zigbee

    Awad Ali1,*, Reyazur Rashid Irshad1, Ahmed Abdu Alattaab1, Aamir Fatahayab2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2663-2678, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028503

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is regarded as the fastest expanding technological trend in recent years due its application in a variety of sectors. In the monitoring region, several sensor nodes with various sensing capabilities are installed to gather appropriate data and communicate it to the gateway. The proposed system of the heterogeneous WSN employing LoRaWAN-Zigbee based hybrid communication is explored in this research study. To communicate in a network, two Long–Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) sensor clusters and two Zigbee sensor clusters are employed, together with two Zigbee and LoRaWAN converters. The suggested Golden… More >

  • Open Access


    Blockchain Enabled Metaheuristic Cluster Based Routing Model for Wireless Networks

    R.M. Bhavadharini1,*, S. Karthik2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.2, pp. 1233-1250, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.025461

    Abstract With recent advancements made in wireless communication techniques, wireless sensors have become an essential component in both data collection as well as tracking applications. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an integral part of Internet of Things (IoT) and it encounters different kinds of security issues. Blockchain is designed as a game changer for highly secure and effective digital society. So, the current research paper focuses on the design of Metaheuristic-based Clustering with Routing Protocol for Blockchain-enabled WSN abbreviated as MCRP-BWSN. The proposed MCRP-BWSN technique aims at deriving a shared memory scheme using blockchain technology and… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Vehicular Communication Using Vulnerability Scoring Based Routing Protocol

    M. Ramya Devi*, I. Jasmine Selvakumari Jeya

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 31-45, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026152

    Abstract Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is an intelligent vehicular technology that allows vehicles to communicate with each other via internet. Communications and the Internet of Things (IoT) enable cutting-edge technologies including such self-driving cars. In the existing systems, there is a maximum communication delay while transmitting the messages. The proposed system uses hybrid Co-operative, Vehicular Communication Management Framework called CAMINO (CA). Further it uses, energy efficient fast message routing protocol with Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) methodology for improving the communication delay, throughput. It improves security while transmitting the messages through networks. In this research, we… More >

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