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  • Open Access


    Improved Rat Swarm Based Multihop Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    H. Manikandan1,*, D. Narasimhan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 2925-2939, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029754

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) encompass a massive set of sensor nodes, which are self-configurable, inexpensive, and compact. The sensor nodes undergo random deployment in the target area and transmit data to base station using inbuilt transceiver. For reducing energy consumption and lengthen lifetime of WSN, multihop routing protocols can be designed. This study develops an improved rat swarm optimization based energy aware multi-hop routing (IRSO-EAMHR) protocol for WSN. An important intention of the IRSO-EAMHR method is for determining optimal routes to base station (BS) in the clustered WSN. Primarily, a weighted clustering process is performed to group the nodes into… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Networks Using Ant Colony Optimization with Game Theory Clustering

    Harish Gunigari1,*, S. Chitra2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 3557-3571, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029155

    Abstract Real-time applications based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technologies quickly lead to the growth of an intelligent environment. Sensor nodes play an essential role in distributing information from networking and its transfer to the sinks. The ability of dynamical technologies and related techniques to be aided by data collection and analysis across the Internet of Things (IoT) network is widely recognized. Sensor nodes are low-power devices with low power devices, storage, and quantitative processing capabilities. The existing system uses the Artificial Immune System-Particle Swarm Optimization method to minimize the energy and improve the network’s lifespan. In the proposed system, a… More >

  • Open Access


    BE-RPL: Balanced-load and Energy-efficient RPL

    S. Jagir Hussain*, M. Roopa

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 785-801, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030393

    Abstract Internet of Things (IoT) empowers imaginative applications and permits new services when mobile nodes are included. For IoT-enabled low-power and lossy networks (LLN), the Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) has become an established standard routing protocol. Mobility under standard RPL remains a difficult issue as it causes continuous path disturbance, energy loss, and increases the end-to-end delay in the network. In this unique circumstance, a Balanced-load and Energy-efficient RPL (BE-RPL) is proposed. It is a routing technique that is both energy-efficient and mobility-aware. It responds quicker to link breakage through received signal strength-based mobility monitoring and selecting… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Reliability and Sensors Lifetime in Bridge Health Monitoring using LoRaWAN-Zigbee

    Awad Ali1,*, Reyazur Rashid Irshad1, Ahmed Abdu Alattaab1, Aamir Fatahayab2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2663-2678, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028503

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is regarded as the fastest expanding technological trend in recent years due its application in a variety of sectors. In the monitoring region, several sensor nodes with various sensing capabilities are installed to gather appropriate data and communicate it to the gateway. The proposed system of the heterogeneous WSN employing LoRaWAN-Zigbee based hybrid communication is explored in this research study. To communicate in a network, two Long–Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) sensor clusters and two Zigbee sensor clusters are employed, together with two Zigbee and LoRaWAN converters. The suggested Golden eagle shepherd optimization (GESO) method… More >

  • Open Access


    Blockchain Enabled Metaheuristic Cluster Based Routing Model for Wireless Networks

    R.M. Bhavadharini1,*, S. Karthik2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.2, pp. 1233-1250, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.025461

    Abstract With recent advancements made in wireless communication techniques, wireless sensors have become an essential component in both data collection as well as tracking applications. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an integral part of Internet of Things (IoT) and it encounters different kinds of security issues. Blockchain is designed as a game changer for highly secure and effective digital society. So, the current research paper focuses on the design of Metaheuristic-based Clustering with Routing Protocol for Blockchain-enabled WSN abbreviated as MCRP-BWSN. The proposed MCRP-BWSN technique aims at deriving a shared memory scheme using blockchain technology and determine the optimal paths to… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Vehicular Communication Using Vulnerability Scoring Based Routing Protocol

    M. Ramya Devi*, I. Jasmine Selvakumari Jeya

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 31-45, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026152

    Abstract Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is an intelligent vehicular technology that allows vehicles to communicate with each other via internet. Communications and the Internet of Things (IoT) enable cutting-edge technologies including such self-driving cars. In the existing systems, there is a maximum communication delay while transmitting the messages. The proposed system uses hybrid Co-operative, Vehicular Communication Management Framework called CAMINO (CA). Further it uses, energy efficient fast message routing protocol with Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) methodology for improving the communication delay, throughput. It improves security while transmitting the messages through networks. In this research, we present a unique intelligent vehicular… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved-Equalized Cluster Head Election Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Muhammad Shahzeb Ali1, Ali Alqahtani2,*, Ansar Munir Shah1, Adel Rajab2, Mahmood Ul Hassan3, Asadullah Shaikh2, Khairan Rajab2, Basit Shahzad4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 845-858, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.025449

    Abstract Throughout the use of the small battery-operated sensor nodes encourage us to develop an energy-efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The development of an energy-efficient routing protocol is a mainly adopted technique to enhance the lifetime of WSN. Many routing protocols are available, but the issue is still alive. Clustering is one of the most important techniques in the existing routing protocols. In the clustering-based model, the important thing is the selection of the cluster heads. In this paper, we have proposed a scheme that uses the bubble sort algorithm for cluster head selection by considering the remaining… More >

  • Open Access


    Chaotic Krill Herd with Fuzzy Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Networks

    Ashit Kumar Dutta1,*, Yasser Albagory2, Farhan M. Obesat3, Anas Waleed Abulfaraj4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 1659-1674, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.026263

    Abstract Energy is considered a valuable source in wireless sensor networks (WSN) for effectively improving the survivability of the network. The non-uniform dispersion of load in the network causes unbalanced energy dissipation which can result in network interruption. The route selection process can be considered as an optimization problem and is solved by utilize of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. This study introduces an energy efficient chaotic krill herd algorithm with adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system based routing (EECKHA-ANFIS) protocol for WSN. The goal of the EECKHA-ANFIS method is for deriving a better set of routes to destination in such a way… More >

  • Open Access


    Incremental Linear Discriminant Analysis Dimensionality Reduction and 3D Dynamic Hierarchical Clustering WSNs

    G. Divya Mohana Priya1,*, M. Karthikeyan1, K. Murugan2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 471-486, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021023

    Abstract Optimizing the sensor energy is one of the most important concern in Three-Dimensional (3D) Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). An improved dynamic hierarchical clustering has been used in previous works that computes optimum clusters count and thus, the total consumption of energy is optimal. However, the computational complexity will be increased due to data dimension, and this leads to increase in delay in network data transmission and reception. For solving the above-mentioned issues, an efficient dimensionality reduction model based on Incremental Linear Discriminant Analysis (ILDA) is proposed for 3D hierarchical clustering WSNs. The major objective of the proposed work is to… More >

  • Open Access


    Resistance to Malicious Packet Droppers Through Enhanced AODV in a MANET

    Shirina Samreen*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 4087-4106, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026141

    Abstract Packet dropping in a mobile ad hoc network can manifest itself as the data plane attacks as well as control plane attacks. The former deal with malicious nodes performing packet drop on the data packets following the route formation and the latter deal with those malicious nodes which either drop or manipulate the control packets to degrade the network performance. The idea of the proposed approach is that during the route establishment, each of the on-path nodes is provided with pre-computed hash values which have to be used to provide a unique acknowledgement value to the upstream neighbor which acts… More >

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