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  • Open Access



    A.Wakifa,* , Z. Boulahiaa, A. Amineb , I.L. Animasaunc , M. I. Afridid, M. Qasimd , R. Sehaquia

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-15, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.3

    Abstract The significance of an externally applied magnetic field and an imposed negative temperature gradient on the onset of natural convection in a thin horizontal layer of alumina-water nanofluid for various sizes of spherical alumina nanoparticles (e.g., 30 More >

  • Open Access



    Felix Schilya,∗, Wolfgang Polifkea

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-15, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.16

    Abstract A simple open-loop pulsating heat pipe model is proposed, which allows to analytically determine the start-up behavior by a linear stability analysis. Two distinct types of instability can occur in such a pulsating heat pipe: oscillatory and non-oscillatory. This paper demonstrates that for bubbles consisting of non-condensible gas, large temperature gradients along the wall are required to achieve start-up, whereas start-up is fairly easy to achieve when there is only a single working medium that forms bubbles from its vapor. The study also finds that surface tension as such only influences start-up indirectly, while contact angle hysteresis dampens out any… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Analysis for the Effect of Irresponsible Immigrants on HIV/AIDS Dynamics

    Muhammad Tariq Ali1, Dumitru Baleanu2,3,4, Muhammad Rafiq5, Jan Awrejcewicz6, Nauman Ahmed7, Ali Raza8,*, Muhammad Sajid Iqbal9, Muhammad Ozair Ahmad7

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1479-1496, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033157

    Abstract The human immunodeficiency viruses are two species of Lentivirus that infect humans. Over time, they cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a condition in which progressive immune system failure allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Human immunodeficiency virus infection came from a type of chimpanzee in Central Africa. Studies show that immunodeficiency viruses may have jumped from chimpanzees to humans as far back as the late 1800s. Over decades, human immunodeficiency viruses slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. The Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR) models are significant in studying disease dynamics. In this paper, we have studied… More >

  • Open Access


    Stability Analysis and Control of DC Distribution System with Electric Vehicles

    Zhijie Zheng1, Song Zhang1, Xiaolei Zhang2, Bo Yang1, Fang Yan3, Xiaoning Ge3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 633-647, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.024081

    Abstract The DC distribution network system equipped with a large number of power electronic equipment exhibits weak damping characteristics and is prone to low-frequency and high-frequency unstable oscillations. The current interpretation of the oscillation mechanism has not been unified. Firstly, this paper established the complete state-space model of the distribution system consisting of a large number of electric vehicles, characteristic equation of the distribution network system is derived by establishing a state-space model, and simplified reduced-order equations describing the low-frequency oscillation and the high-frequency oscillation are obtained. Secondly, based on eigenvalue analysis, the oscillation modes and the influence of the key… More >

  • Open Access


    Stability Analysis of Landfills Contained by Retaining Walls Using Continuous Stress Method

    Yufang Zhang1, Yingfa Lu2,*, Yao Zhong2, Jian Li1, Dongze Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 357-381, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020874

    Abstract An analytical method for determining the stresses and deformations of landfills contained by retaining walls is proposed in this paper. In the proposed method, the sliding resisting normal and tangential stresses of the retaining wall and the stress field of the sliding body are obtained considering the differential stress equilibrium equations, boundary conditions, and macroscopic forces and moments applied to the system, assuming continuous stresses at the interface between the sliding body and the retaining wall. The solutions to determine stresses and deformations of landfills contained by retaining walls are obtained using the Duncan-Chang and Hooke constitutive models. A case… More >

  • Open Access


    Bio-Inspired Modelling of Disease Through Delayed Strategies

    Arooj Nasir1,2, Dumitru Baleanu3,4,5, Ali Raza6,*, Pervez Anwar7, Nauman Ahmed8, Muhammad Rafiq9, Tahir Nawaz Cheema10

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5717-5734, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.031879

    Abstract In 2020, the reported cases were 0.12 million in the six regions to the official report of the World Health Organization (WHO). For most children infected with leprosy, 0.008629 million cases were detected under fifteen. The total infected ratio of the children population is approximately 4.4 million. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the awareness programs implementation has been disturbed. Leprosy disease still has a threat and puts people in danger. Nonlinear delayed modeling is critical in various allied sciences, including computational biology, computational chemistry, computational physics, and computational economics, to name a few. The time delay effect in treating leprosy… More >

  • Open Access


    Stability Analysis of Predator-Prey System with Consuming Resource and Disease in Predator Species

    Asad Ejaz1, Yasir Nawaz1, Muhammad Shoaib Arif1,3,*, Daoud S. Mashat2, Kamaleldin Abodayeh3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.132, No.2, pp. 489-506, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019440

    Abstract The present study is concerned with formulating a predator-prey eco-epidemiological mathematical model assuming that an infection exists in the predator species. The two classes of predator species (susceptible and infected) compete for the same sources available in the environment with the predation option. It is assumed that the disease does not spread vertically. The proposed model is analyzed for the stability of the coexistence of the predators and prey. The fixed points are carried out, and the coexisting fixed point is studied in detail by constructing the Lyapunov function. The movement of species in search of food or protection in… More >

  • Open Access


    Bio-Inspired Numerical Analysis of COVID-19 with Fuzzy Parameters

    F. M. Allehiany1, Fazal Dayan2,3,*, F. F. Al-Harbi4, Nesreen Althobaiti5, Nauman Ahmed2, Muhammad Rafiq6, Ali Raza7, Mawahib Elamin8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 3213-3229, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025811

    Abstract Fuzziness or uncertainties arise due to insufficient knowledge, experimental errors, operating conditions and parameters that provide inaccurate information. The concepts of susceptible, infectious and recovered are uncertain due to the different degrees in susceptibility, infectivity and recovery among the individuals of the population. The differences can arise, when the population groups under the consideration having distinct habits, customs and different age groups have different degrees of resistance, etc. More realistic models are needed which consider these different degrees of susceptibility infectivity and recovery of the individuals. In this paper, a Susceptible, Infected and Recovered (SIR) epidemic model with fuzzy parameters… More >

  • Open Access


    Computational Algorithms for the Analysis of Cancer Virotherapy Model

    Ali Raza1,2,*, Dumitru Baleanu3,4, Muhammad Rafiq5, Syed Zaheer Abbas6, Abubakar Siddique6, Umer Javed8, Mehvish Naz7, Arooj Fatima6, Tayyba Munawar6, Hira Batool6, Zaighum Nazir6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3621-3634, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023286

    Abstract Cancer is a common term for many diseases that can affect any part of the body. In 2020, ten million people will die due to cancer. A worldwide leading cause of death is cancer by the World Health Organization (WHO) report. Interaction of cancer cells, viral therapy, and immune response are identified in this model. Mathematical and computational modeling is an effective tool to predict the dynamics of cancer virotherapy. The cell population is categorized into three parts like uninfected cells (x), infected cells (y), virus-free cells (v), and immune cells (z). The modeling of cancer-like diseases is based on… More >

  • Open Access


    The Mathematical Model for Streptococcus suis Infection in Pig-Human Population with Humidity Effect

    Inthira Chaiya1, Kamonchat Trachoo1, Kamsing Nonlaopon2, Din Prathumwan2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 2981-2998, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021856

    Abstract In this paper, we developed a mathematical model for Streptococcus suis, which is an epidemic by considering the moisture that affects the infection. The disease is caused by Streptococcus suis infection found in pigs which can be transmitted to humans. The patients of Streptococcus suis were generally found in adults males and the elderly who contacted pigs or who ate uncooked pork. In human cases, the infection can cause a severe illness and death. This disease has an impact to the financial losses in the swine industry. In the development of models for this disease, we have divided the population… More >

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