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  • Open Access


    An Investigation into the Compressive Strength, Permeability and Microstructure of Quartzite-Rock-Sand Mortar

    Wei Chen*, Wuwen Liu, Yue Liang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 859-872, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029310

    Abstract River sand is an essential component used as a fine aggregate in mortar and concrete. Due to unrestrained exploitation, river sand resources are gradually being exhausted. This requires alternative solutions. This study deals with the properties of cement mortar containing different levels of manufactured sand (MS) based on quartzite, used to replace river sand. The river sand was replaced at 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% with MS (by weight or volume). The mechanical properties, transfer properties, and microstructure were examined and compared to a control group to study the impact of the replacement level. The results indicate that the compressive… More >

  • Open Access


    Strengthening Network Security: Deep Learning Models for Intrusion Detection with Optimized Feature Subset and Effective Imbalance Handling

    Bayi Xu1, Lei Sun2,*, Xiuqing Mao2, Chengwei Liu3, Zhiyi Ding2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1995-2022, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046478

    Abstract In recent years, frequent network attacks have highlighted the importance of efficient detection methods for ensuring cyberspace security. This paper presents a novel intrusion detection system consisting of a data preprocessing stage and a deep learning model for accurately identifying network attacks. We have proposed four deep neural network models, which are constructed using architectures such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM), Bidirectional Gate Recurrent Unit (BiGRU), and Attention mechanism. These models have been evaluated for their detection performance on the NSL-KDD dataset.To enhance the compatibility between the data and the models, we apply various preprocessing… More >

  • Open Access


    A Strengthened Dominance Relation NSGA-III Algorithm Based on Differential Evolution to Solve Job Shop Scheduling Problem

    Liang Zeng1,2, Junyang Shi1, Yanyan Li1, Shanshan Wang1,2,*, Weigang Li3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 375-392, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045803

    Abstract The job shop scheduling problem is a classical combinatorial optimization challenge frequently encountered in manufacturing systems. It involves determining the optimal execution sequences for a set of jobs on various machines to maximize production efficiency and meet multiple objectives. The Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm III (NSGA-III) is an effective approach for solving the multi-objective job shop scheduling problem. Nevertheless, it has some limitations in solving scheduling problems, including inadequate global search capability, susceptibility to premature convergence, and challenges in balancing convergence and diversity. To enhance its performance, this paper introduces a strengthened dominance relation NSGA-III algorithm based on differential evolution… More >

  • Open Access


    An Effective Hybrid Model of ELM and Enhanced GWO for Estimating Compressive Strength of Metakaolin-Contained Cemented Materials

    Abidhan Bardhan1,*, Raushan Kumar Singh2, Mohammed Alatiyyah3, Sulaiman Abdullah Alateyah4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1521-1555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044467

    Abstract This research proposes a highly effective soft computing paradigm for estimating the compressive strength (CS) of metakaolin-contained cemented materials. The proposed approach is a combination of an enhanced grey wolf optimizer (EGWO) and an extreme learning machine (ELM). EGWO is an augmented form of the classic grey wolf optimizer (GWO). Compared to standard GWO, EGWO has a better hunting mechanism and produces an optimal performance. The EGWO was used to optimize the ELM structure and a hybrid model, ELM-EGWO, was built. To train and validate the proposed ELM-EGWO model, a sum of 361 experimental results featuring five influencing factors was… More >

  • Open Access


    Prediction of Geopolymer Concrete Compressive Strength Using Convolutional Neural Networks

    Kolli Ramujee1,*, Pooja Sadula1, Golla Madhu2, Sandeep Kautish3, Abdulaziz S. Almazyad4, Guojiang Xiong5, Ali Wagdy Mohamed6,7,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1455-1486, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043384

    Abstract Geopolymer concrete emerges as a promising avenue for sustainable development and offers an effective solution to environmental problems. Its attributes as a non-toxic, low-carbon, and economical substitute for conventional cement concrete, coupled with its elevated compressive strength and reduced shrinkage properties, position it as a pivotal material for diverse applications spanning from architectural structures to transportation infrastructure. In this context, this study sets out the task of using machine learning (ML) algorithms to increase the accuracy and interpretability of predicting the compressive strength of geopolymer concrete in the civil engineering field. To achieve this goal, a new approach using convolutional… More >

  • Open Access


    A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm Based Load Balancing Strategy for Health Monitoring Systems in Fog-Cloud

    Hayder Makki Shakir, Jaber Karimpour*, Jafar Razmara

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 35-55, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038545

    Abstract As the volume of data and data-generating equipment in healthcare settings grows, so do issues like latency and inefficient processing inside health monitoring systems. The Internet of Things (IoT) has been used to create a wide variety of health monitoring systems. Most modern health monitoring solutions are based on cloud computing. However, large-scale deployment of latency-sensitive healthcare applications is hampered by the cloud’s design, which introduces significant delays during the processing of vast data volumes. By strategically positioning servers close to end users, fog computing mitigates latency issues and dramatically improves scaling on demand, resource accessibility, and security. In this… More >

  • Open Access


    A Gel-Based Solidification Technology for Large Fracture Plugging

    Kunjian Wang1, Ruibin He1, Qianhua Liao1, Kun Xu1, Wen Wang1, Kan Chen2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 563-578, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030152

    Abstract Fault fractures usually have large openings and considerable extension. Accordingly, cross-linked gel materials are generally considered more suitable plugging agents than water-based gels because the latter often undergo contamination via formation water, which prevents them from being effective over long times. Hence, in this study, a set of oil-based composite gels based on waste grease and epoxy resin has been developed. These materials have been observed to possess high compressive strength and resistance to the aforementioned contamination, thereby leading to notable increase in plugging success rate. The compressive strength, thickening time, and resistance to formation water pollution of these gels… More >

  • Open Access


    Associations between Mental Health Outcomes and Adverse Childhood Experiences and Character Strengths among University Students in Southern China

    Yulan Yu1,2, Rassamee Chotipanvithayakul3, Hujiao Kuang4, Wit Wichaidit3,*, Chonghua Wan1,2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.12, pp. 1343-1351, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446

    Abstract Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can negatively affect mental health, whereas character strengths seem to be positively correlated with mental health. Detailed information on the history of ACEs among university students in China and the extent which mental health is associated with ACEs and character strengths can contribute to the needed empirical evidence for relevant stakeholders. Objectives of this study are 1) to estimate the prevalence of ACEs among undergraduate students in Southern China; and 2) to assess the extent which mental health outcomes (positive growth, well-being, and depression) are associated with ACEs and character strengths among undergraduate students in Southern… More >

  • Open Access


    Machine Learning Design of Aluminum-Lithium Alloys with High Strength

    Hongxia Wang1,2, Zhiqiang Duan2, Qingwei Guo2, Yongmei Zhang1,2,*, Yuhong Zhao2,3,4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1393-1409, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045871

    Abstract Due to the large unexplored compositional space, long development cycle, and high cost of traditional trial-anderror experiments, designing high strength aluminum-lithium alloys is a great challenge. This work establishes a performance-oriented machine learning design strategy for aluminum-lithium alloys to simplify and shorten the development cycle. The calculation results indicate that radial basis function (RBF) neural networks exhibit better predictive ability than back propagation (BP) neural networks. The RBF neural network predicted tensile and yield strengths with determination coefficients of 0.90 and 0.96, root mean square errors of 30.68 and 25.30, and mean absolute errors of 28.15 and 19.08, respectively. In… More >

  • Open Access


    Algorithm Selection Method Based on Coupling Strength for Partitioned Analysis of Structure-Piezoelectric-Circuit Coupling

    Daisuke Ishihara*, Naoto Takayama

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1237-1258, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030211

    Abstract In this study, we propose an algorithm selection method based on coupling strength for the partitioned analysis of structure-piezoelectric-circuit coupling, which includes two types of coupling or inverse and direct piezoelectric coupling and direct piezoelectric and circuit coupling. In the proposed method, implicit and explicit formulations are used for strong and weak coupling, respectively. Three feasible partitioned algorithms are generated, namely (1) a strongly coupled algorithm that uses a fully implicit formulation for both types of coupling, (2) a weakly coupled algorithm that uses a fully explicit formulation for both types of coupling, and (3) a partially strongly coupled and… More >

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