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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing Prepress Algorithm for Simulation of Planned Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease

    Vitaliy Suvorov1,2,*, Olga Loboda2, Maria Balakina1, Igor Kulczycki2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.5, pp. 491-505, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.030583

    Abstract Background: Three-dimensional printing technology may become a key factor in transforming clinical practice and in significant improvement of treatment outcomes. The introduction of this technique into pediatric cardiac surgery will allow us to study features of the anatomy and spatial relations of a defect and to simulate the optimal surgical repair on a printed model in every individual case. Methods: We performed the prospective cohort study which included 29 children with congenital heart defects. The hearts and the great vessels were modeled and printed out. Measurements of the same cardiac areas were taken in the same planes and points at… More > Graphic Abstract

    A New Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing Prepress Algorithm for Simulation of Planned Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intraoperative Blood Glucose Levels and Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Patients Having Congenital Heart Surgery under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    Dongyun Bie1,#, Hongbai Wang1,#, Chaobin Zhang2, Chunrong Wang3, Yuan Jia1, Su Yuan1, Sheng Shi1, Jiangshan Huang1, Jianhui Wang1,*, Fuxia Yan1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 475-488, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.028017

    Abstract Purpose: This study sought to explore the effect of intraoperative mean blood glucose levels and variability on postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in children undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. Methods: We conducted a prospective nested case-control study in children (age < 18 years) undergoing congenital heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) at the Fuwai Hospital between April 01, 2022 and July 30, 2022. Cases were individuals who developed AKI within the first postoperative 7 days (AKI group) and controls were those without AKI (Non-AKI group) according to KDIGO criteria. AKI and Non-AKI groups unmatched and 1:1 matched by age, sex, and baseline serum… More > Graphic Abstract

    Intraoperative Blood Glucose Levels and Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Patients Having Congenital Heart Surgery under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    “I Dread the Heart Surgery but it Keeps My Child Alive”—Experiences of Parents of Children with Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Anomalies during the Assessment for Cardiac Reoperation

    Birgitta Svensson1,2,*, Petru Liuba1,2, Anne Wennick3, Malin Berghammer4,5

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 349-359, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.028391

    Abstract Background: Parents of children with complex right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) anomalies are confronted with their child’s need for heart surgery early in life and repeated reoperations later on. Preoperative assessment needs to be performed whenever an indication for reoperation is suspected. The aim was to illuminate the experiences of parents of children diagnosed with RVOT anomalies, in particular, how they experience their child’s heart disease and everyday life during the assessment and after the decision on whether to perform a reoperation. Method: Individual interviews (n = 27) were conducted with nine parents on three occasions between 2014 and 2016 and analyzed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Role of Surgery on Growth of Tricuspid Valve in Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum: Mid-Term Results of Modified Right-Ventricular Overhauling Procedure

    Jae Gun Kwak1, Eung Re Kim2, Taeyoung Yun1, Sungkyu Cho1, Chang-Ha Lee2, Woong-Han Kim1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 325-336, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.027758

    Abstract Objectives: To access the effectiveness of our modified right-ventricular overhauling procedure on tricuspid valve (TV) growth in patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients with PAIVS who underwent modified right ventricular overhauling (mRVoh) between 2008 and 2019 at two institutions. Our mRVoh consisted of wide resection of hypertrophied infundibular and trabecular muscle, peeling off fibrotic endocardial tissue in the right ventricle (RV) cavity, surgical pulmonary valvotomy, and Blalock-Taussig shunt or banding of ductus arteriosus under cardiopulmonary bypass. The TV annulus sizes were measured and analyzed using echocardiography before and after mRVoh. Results:More > Graphic Abstract

    Role of Surgery on Growth of Tricuspid Valve in Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum: Mid-Term Results of Modified Right-Ventricular Overhauling Procedure

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adhesion and Implementation of a Cardiac Coherence Program to Reduce Anxiety in Patients with Peritoneal Carcinomatosis before Surgery: a Randomized Pilot Study

    Adhésion et implémentation d’un programme de cohérence cardiaque visant à réduire l’anxiété de patients opérés pour une carcinose péritonéale : étude pilote randomisée

    E. Guerdoux, L. Coutant, M. Del Rio, S. Gourgou, F. Quenet, G. Ninot

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.1, pp. 192-198, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0177

    Abstract Objective: To evaluate the implementation of a daily practice using cardiac coherence in patients with peritoneal carcinosis who underwent surgery.
    Materials and methods: Open, single-centre, controlled, randomized, and non-comparative phase II study, including 20 control patients versus 40 patients trained with biofeedback to use a breathing guide that will record their autonomous practice at home.
    Expected results: Successful adhesion of this nonpharmacological intervention before and after surgery, which may characterize parameters in favor of its implementation and evaluation of its impact on anxiety.
    Perspectives: Efficacy should then be assessed to transfer this supportive care to other patients.

    Résumé
    ObjectifMore >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Transcatheter Closure vs. Surgical Ligation in Preterm Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Rohan Suresh Daniel1,2, Georgia K. Schmidt1,2, Hayato Nakanishi1,2, Karen Smayra1,2, Mariah N. Mascara1,2, Dilip K. Vankayalapati1,2, Reem H. Matar1,2,3, Christian A. Than1,2,4, George Shiakos5, Ioannis Tzanavaros2,5,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 245-265, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.027596

    Abstract Background: Persistent patent ductus arteriosus (pPDA) is a common condition in preterm infants. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of transcatheter closure (TC) when compared to surgical ligation (SL) in preterm infants with pPDA. Methods: A literature search of Ovid Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Epub, Scopus, PMC Preprints, and was conducted from inception to May 06, 2022. Eligible studies reported infants diagnosed with pPDA born at ≤2000 g birth weight or at ≤37 weeks’ who underwent TC or SL as treatment. This review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022325944). Results: From 97 studies screened, 8 studies met the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Low-Weight or Preterm Neonates: A Retrospective Study Analyzing Early Outcome

    Alain J. Poncelet1,*, Maureen Peers de Nieuwburgh2, Stéphane Moniotte2, Geoffroy de Beco1, Karlien Carbonez2, Jean E. Rubay1, Thierry Detaille3, Laurent Houtekie3, Mona Momeni4

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 151-168, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.022636

    Abstract Background: Most outcome studies in congenital cardiac surgery for “low weight” neonates include patients undergoing surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The primary objective of our study was to identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality in neonates weighing less than 3 Kg and undergoing surgery with CPB. In addition, we compared the effect of early surgery with CPB (before 37W-gestational age (GA)) for congenital heart disease to delayed surgery until a corrected GA of 37 weeks in an attempt to promote weight gain. Methods: Retrospective single-center study including all patients operated between 1997 and 2017. Uni- and multivariable analysis were used… More >

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    “Treat-Repair-Treat”: Management of Left Main Coronary Compression by a Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm in a Patient with Atrial Septal Defect and Significant Pulmonary Hypertension

    Andrei George Iosifescu1,2,*, Roxana Enache1,3, Ioana Marinică4, Corina Radu2, Vlad Anton Iliescu1,2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 67-72, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.026598

    Abstract Left main coronary compression syndrome (LMCS) may complicate pulmonary artery aneurysms (PAA), usually developed in the context of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We report the case of a 51-year-old female patient with an atrial septal defect (unsuitable for device closure) complicated by a PAA generating a 90% left main stenosis. The significant PAH held us back from immediate surgery. After specific dual PAH-targeted therapy (sildenafil and bosentan), the atrial septal defect could be closed with a unidirectional valved patch; the PAA-induced LMCS was treated by reductive arterioplasty. The postoperative course was uneventful. Follow-up showed clinical improvement, but PAH treatment was… More > Graphic Abstract

    “Treat-Repair-Treat”: Management of Left Main Coronary Compression by a Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm in a Patient with Atrial Septal Defect and Significant Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    Pentalogy of Cantrell with Pentalogy of Fallot and Left Ventricular Diverticulum

    Weimin Zhang, Zheng Liu, Tao Zhu, Qiang Huo*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 73-78, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.026404

    Abstract Pentalogy of Cantrell is a congenital anomaly characterized by a combination of birth defects involving the sternum, diaphragm, pericardium, abdominal wall, and heart. Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare anomaly with high mortality. This paper describes the treatment of a 9-month-old girl with pentalogy of Cantrell, pentalogy of Fallot, and left ventricular diverticulum. The patient is alive and well 13 years after surgery. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preoperative Fasting of More Than 14 Hours Increases the Risk of Time-to-Death after Cardiothoracic Surgery in Children: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    Laortip Rattanapittayaporn, Maliwan Oofuvong*, Jutarat Tanasansuttiporn, Thavat Chanchayanon

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 23-39, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.026026

    Abstract Background: Prolonged preoperative fasting can cause hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and intravascular volume depletion in children. We aimed to examine whether prolonged preoperative fasting is associated with in-hospital mortality and other morbidities in pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included children aged 0–3 years who underwent cardiac surgery between July 2014 and October 2020. The patient demographic data, surgery-related and anesthesia-related factors, and postoperative outcomes, including hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, sepsis, length of intensive care unit stay, and in-hospital mortality, were recorded. The main exposure and outcome variables were prolonged fasting and time-to-death after surgery, respectively. The associations between prolonged fasting and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Preoperative Fasting of More Than 14 Hours Increases the Risk of Time-to-Death after Cardiothoracic Surgery in Children: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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